Week 6 of History 222
Week 6 of History 222 HIST 222
Popular in History of the United States, 1877 to Present
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Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Johnson Womack on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 222 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr. Julie Reed in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see History of the United States, 1877 to Present in History at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
Week 6 History 222 21516 No Class!! 21716 Rationales Social Darwinism Racial Superiority Evangelization National Security Trade Democracy for whom? Imperialism raises the question as the U.S. gathers up other colonies, territories and exerts some control over them. “Here is democracy for this place, but how should it be handled?” One would argue that textbooks start this discussion very late. You have all of this land and opportunity but is the promise available to all? This is a period of military resistance. Some sought to influence and extension change through trade, military, travel and extend it through other places. Alfred Thayer Mahan stressed the importance of military power with his book “The Influence of Sea Power Upon History” Canal across the Isthmus of Panama, acquire naval bases to protect the canal, annex Hawaii and service the fleet that would be required. Albert Shaw, a journalist, supported him and favored Mahan’s idea of imperial expansion. So did Theodore Roosevelt, though he was much more militaristic. There are spectators who don’t view nonwhite people as savage. Scientists are invoking this as well. The survival of the fittest was the law of nations. The US needed to engage in this to stay ahead of other countries. This led to trying to impose American cultures on others without taking into consideration the values of the other cultures. American Missionaries thought that this would be the same thing. American Christianity missionaries who went to China were compared to “Manifest Destiny”. James G. Blaine “Commercial Empire” Trade with Latin America to create commercial ties. Wanted to keep Hawaii as part of the US, but wouldn’t be a part of the US until 1898. Spanish American War Cubans rebelled and Americans sympathized with them, so there was popular support for Cuban Independence. Jose Marti led an attack that disrupted American trade. This led to him becoming a national Latin hero. The Maine blew up in Havana harbor. It was an accident, but due to 260 deaths, it created tension between the US and Spanish. FilipinoAmerican War Emilio Aguinaldo became the first President in the Philippines and led the Philippine forces against Spain in the FilipinoAmerican War. Curtis Act: denied rights to Native Americans and broke up tribes. “Spaniards speak to the Filipinos as though they were Indians.” This was the idea when it came to the war Samuel Gompers was an antiimperialist who led the movement for the American Federation of Labor helping businesses focus more on collective bargaining. June 1898 Filipino Independence was declared. U.S. ignored this and created open warfare. o “The barbarian will yield only to Force” was the idea of the warfare. Education for Native Americans Education was universally available for everyone, but the European powers only did it for the elite. This was to promote the American image. This was a policy to subdue “savages”. Many of the programs set up. The people of our new provinces. 1901, Military transports brought hundreds of teachers from the U.S. to the Philippines. Many of them were middle class, white, and protestant teachers. They don’t have the full rights in the U.S. They have been free from answering to husbands and the suppressing government.
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