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Week 6 of History 222

by: Johnson Womack

Week 6 of History 222 HIST 222

Johnson Womack
GPA 3.08

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About this Document

Here we talked about joining the states, the Filipino-American War, The Spanish-American War and aspects of manifest destiny
History of the United States, 1877 to Present
Dr. Julie Reed
Class Notes
James G. Blaine, Spanish-American War, Filipino War, Missionaries, Missionary, China, 1898
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Johnson Womack on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 222 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr. Julie Reed in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see History of the United States, 1877 to Present in History at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 02/18/16
Week 6 History 222 2­15­16 No Class!! 2­17­16 Rationales ­ Social Darwinism ­ Racial Superiority ­ Evangelization ­ National Security ­ Trade Democracy for whom? Imperialism raises the question as the U.S. gathers up other  colonies, territories and exerts some control over them. “Here is democracy for this place, but how should it be handled?” One would argue that textbooks start this discussion very late. You have all of this land and opportunity but is the promise available to all? This is a period of military resistance. Some sought to influence and extension change through trade, military, travel and extend  it through other places. Alfred Thayer Mahan stressed the importance of military power with his book “The  Influence of Sea Power Upon History” Canal across the Isthmus of Panama, acquire naval bases to protect the canal, annex  Hawaii and service the fleet that would be required. Albert Shaw, a journalist, supported him and favored Mahan’s idea of imperial  expansion. So did Theodore Roosevelt, though he was much more militaristic. There are spectators who don’t view non­white people as savage. Scientists are invoking  this as well. The survival of the fittest was the law of nations. The US needed to engage  in this to stay ahead of other countries. This led to trying to impose American cultures on others without taking into  consideration the values of the other cultures. American Missionaries thought that this would be the same thing. American Christianity missionaries who went to China were compared to “Manifest  Destiny”. James G. Blaine ­ “Commercial Empire” ­ Trade with Latin America to create commercial ties. ­ Wanted to keep Hawaii as part of the US, but wouldn’t be a part of the US until  1898. Spanish American War ­ Cubans rebelled and Americans sympathized with them, so there was popular  support for Cuban Independence. ­ Jose Marti led an attack that disrupted American trade. This led to him becoming  a national Latin hero. ­ The Maine blew up in Havana harbor. It was an accident, but due to 260 deaths, it created tension between the US and Spanish. Filipino­American War ­ Emilio Aguinaldo became the first President in the Philippines and led the  Philippine forces against Spain in the Filipino­American War. ­ Curtis Act: denied rights to Native Americans and broke up tribes. ­ “Spaniards speak to the Filipinos as though they were Indians.” This was the idea  when it came to the war ­ Samuel Gompers was an anti­imperialist who led the movement for the American  Federation of Labor helping businesses focus more on collective bargaining. ­ June 1898 Filipino Independence was declared. U.S. ignored this and created  open warfare. o “The barbarian will yield only to Force” was the idea of the warfare. Education for Native Americans ­ Education was universally available for everyone, but the European powers only  did it for the elite. This was to promote the American image. This was a policy to  subdue “savages”. Many of the programs set up. The people of our new  provinces.  ­ 1901, Military transports brought hundreds of teachers from the U.S. to the  Philippines. ­ Many of them were middle class, white, and protestant teachers. They don’t have  the full rights in the U.S. They have been free from answering to husbands and  the suppressing government.


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