Ch.14 Lecture Notes
Ch.14 Lecture Notes Psych
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brandon Johnson on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Corey M Teague in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
Chapter 14 Social Psychology PWFQP PWN Conformity Acceptance and compliance Acceptance Compliance Obedience Deindividuation Altruism Similar Diffusion of responsibility Social Psychology a b Study of the effects of the social context on behavior and mental processes Social Comparison evaluating our behavior and perceptions on the basis of other peoples behavior and perceptions Reference oroubs categories of people to which we see ourselves as belonging and to which we habitually compare ourselves Social Factors In uencing Behavior a Use Different reverence groups over the course of our lives Changing reference groups can change our relative standing on some dimension b Relative Deprivation moving from high to low status position after changing groups c Compare ourselves to others in our immediate reference group and not to others who are similar but not in our immediate group d Social Facilitation amp Interference circumstances in which the mere presence of other people either improves our detracts from our performance e If a person is performing an easy andor familiar task being in presence of others is facilitative If a person is performing a dif cult andor unfamiliar task being in presence of others will interfere Norms a Learned sociallybased rules that prescribe what we should do and not do in various situations b Reciprocity tendency to respond to others as they have acted towards us c quotFree giftquot strategy compels people to contribute to causes Attitudes Persuasion and Attitude Change a b C d Attitude Predisposition to respond to an object in a particular way Cognitive set of beliefs Affective feelings resulting from beliefs Behavior way we act toward object e Discrepancies may occur between three components of an attitude due to i Competing motives ii Social Pressure suppress behavioral aspects of attitude f Attitudes change because i Shifting reference groups ii Rewards or reinforcement contingencies change iii Avoid hypocrisy and internal con ict g Coonitive Dissonance Theorv people desire consistency between cognitive affective and behavioral aspects of attitudes h If there is inconsistency this creates dissonance uneasiness which thereby motivates people to make them consistent V Attribution Theory a Attribution developing explanations for why people behave as they do b Internal Causes those that re ect the personalitycharacteristics of the person c External Causes those that are situationspeci c and have nothing to do with person39s personality Vl Common Biasse in Making Attributions a Fundamental Attribution Error tendency to be more sensitive to situational factors in uencing your own behavior than the behavior of others b Egocentric Bias assume that others act and believe as we do c Egodefence Bias people are predisposed to take credit for success and not as likely to take blame for failure d Availability Bias attributions strongly in uenced by information that comes to mind most easily Vll Compliance a Complianc i Footinthedoor compliance in response to a small request followed by a larger request ii Doorintheface compliance in response to a small request that follows initial refusal of a large request after 3 no39s it starts feeling awkward iii Loball person makes verbal commitment to comply and then is prevented from complying a larger request is subsequently made Vlll Obedience a Obedience change in behavior as a result of a speci c demand b Milgram39s experiment quotTeacherquot ie subject was told to give a list of words to quotlearnerquot to learn When learner made a mistake they would shock them Consecutive mistakes led to higher shocks Learner eventually stops responding but experimenter tells quotteacherquot to treat no answer as an incorrect answer 60 went all the way to 450 volts nobody stopped before 300 volts i Proximity of the victim higher obedience when there s greater distance between subject and victim ii Proximity of the authority gure higher obedience when authority gure gives instructions in personis physically closer to subject iii Presence of other people who disobey most powerful factor levels of obedience drop dramatically when others refuse to participate IX Deindividuation a Deindividuation reduction of selfawareness and inhibitions when in a group due to anonymity
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