PSYC 10213 chapter 5 Notes
PSYC 10213 chapter 5 Notes PSYC 10213
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maycie Tidwell on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 10213 at Texas Christian University taught by Wehlburg in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Science at Texas Christian University.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
PSYC Ch 5 Developing Through the Life Span Continuity or stages it s not an either or thing there are different theories Some things are stable and some things change First pic egg with sperm around it Second pic sperm entering an egg The fertilized egg doubles and doubles and doubles At 100 cells it becomes a zygote Cells start to become much more specialized Then the zygote becomes an embryo 2ncl pic 9 weeks embryo becomes a fetus Starts to look much more like a human you can umbilical cord and eyes and toes and ngers Teratogens are chemical or viruses or alcohol or medication that act as poison to the fetus which can affect the development of the fetus Ex if the woman drinks alcohol and it enters the fetus and if brain development is happening at that time then their brain growth may be stunted Damage may be less if the fetus is much more fully developed Fetuses can hear and see once their eyes and ears are fully developed But they aren t seeing anything because there is no light They can also recognize familiar voices ie Mom and dad or sibling The developing brain is very important to physical development The process of maturation is genetically determined all babies do this Maturation sets the type of development but our environment adjusts how we do things Ex learning to crawl on carpet vs hardwood oor An infant s head is about 13 the size of its entire body Infants sit up at 6 mo Crawl at 89 mo Walk at 12 mo Independently walk and run at about 15 mo Most of us cannot actually remember things until about 34 years of age Organization of memory changes as we get older Do babies have a sense of self Experiment put a red dot on their nose and show them it in the mirror Do they wipe it off of themselves or do they wipe the mirror Biological development muscles getting stronger brain cells growing eyes getting stronger Cognitive development shaped by the errors we make Schemas Mental molds into which we pour our experiences Ex when you walk into a classroom for the rst time you know not to sit in the teacher s chair Assimilation incorporate new experiences into our current understanding schema Accommodation the process of changesadjusting the schema Ex child is used to sippy cups and tilting them up and sucking on them When she is given a regular cup she tilts is up and it spills all over her she must change her schema There are different stages of cognitive development Babies do not have object permanencethat s why peek a boo is so fun for them By 2 years Sensorimotor they have object permanence and stranger anxiety 26 yrs Preoperational They are starting to understand meanings of words they know what time out means and they also pretend play egocentrism they only see themselves and they don t think about how what they do will impact otherscant put themselves in someone else s shoes 711 yrs Concrete Operational Learning conservation skills and mathematical transformations ex knowing when you have 2 equal sized balls of clay and you roll one ball out they re still the same size 12adulthood Formal operational We can do abstract thinking and hypothetical logic However Piaget may have underestimated children s cognitive abilities Theory of mind when they start to understand another39s mental state Stranger anxiety happens around 89 months they want to stay with mom or dad Origins of Attachment they bond with mothers because of bodily contact and not because of nourishment because of warmth not food Ex experiment shows that when a baby monkey is startled it runs to the soft and warm mom not the mom who gives him food Imprinting the cause of attachment for some animals goslings Secure vs Insecure Attachment Secure 60 feel safe with mom and happy when they reunite with mom Insecure 30 Separation anxiety peaks at 13 mo They do not want to be separated from their mothers whatsoever Adolescence A well de ned time period in a child s life Begins with puberty Girls around 11 yrs Boys around 13 yrs During adolescence selective pruning of neurons in the brain happen to hep us think faster Adolescents start to think about 1 Their own thinking 2 What others are thinking 3 What others are thinking about them 4 How ideals can be reached They criticize society parents and even themselves these things change their attitudes and morals they start to develop reasoning power and their own morality Experiment they ask kids if its okay for a man to steal a drug that he needed for his wife to survive from her illness 3 basic levels of moral thinking 1 Preconventional morality 2 Conventional morality 3 Postconventional morality As we age we see cognitive declines And our memory decreases Fluid intelligence declines with age Crystalline Intelligence does not decline with age
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