GEOG 101 Week 1 Notes: Lectures 1 & 2
GEOG 101 Week 1 Notes: Lectures 1 & 2 GEOG 101 001
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GEOG 101 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Parenti on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 101 001 at Towson University taught by Dr. Ken Barnes in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 68 views. For similar materials see Physical Geography in Geography at Towson University.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
Physical Geography Lecture 1 Geography: from geo “earth” and graphein “to write” Geography is: a method, not simply a body of knowledge or collection of facts holistic eclectic a science that investigates spatial patterns of phenomena and the processes responsible for those distributions Geographys use spatial analysis analyzing data that specifically includes info about the location of places and their attributes The science that studies the relationships among: natural systems geographic areas society cultural activities interdependence of all of these over space Five Themes of Geography: Location Region HumanEnvironment Relationships Place Movement Physical Geography Special analysis of all physical elements and processes that make up the environment Physical geographers are interested: in processes that shape the landscapes occupied by humanity the ways in which humans observe Ecology, Geology, Biogeography, Meteorology, Climatology, Hydrology, Geomophology, Soils = Scope of Geography Earth’s 4 spheres: Atmosphere Hydrosphere Biosphere Lithosphere Distributional Patterns: Geography is a science that investigates the: distributes of phenomena over space and time processes Hazards and Resources: Processes that shape or impact landscapes are incompatible with human use. These processes operating at any given location may manifest as natural hazards. floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, wildfires, tropical storms. Locations also afford humanities with opportunity these opportunities are natural resources Locations may present both resources and hazards simultaneously Lecture 2 Scientific Method and Systems/Concepts Induction: involves reasoning from the specific to the general using a limited (specific) set of observations to make inferences/generalizations about a population Deduction: involves reasoning from the general (theory) to explain specific phenomena, processes or behaviors requires confirmation Both approaches are used in scientific inquiry Scientific Method Sir Francis Bacon (15611626) Karl Popper’s Method: “hypotheticodeductive” method using falsification statistical tests to confirm hypotheses by: null (no difference) or alternate (differences) hypotheses Method begins with a problem for which a solution or hypothesis (educated guess) is postulated Guides the research through “observation, analysis, synthesis and conclusions”
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