New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Arch 218 Week 7 Notes

by: Bobbi Ellias

Arch 218 Week 7 Notes ARCH 218-02

Bobbi Ellias


Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes from class/homework on Native American Architecture
History of World Architecture: Middle Ages-18th Century
Yip, Christopher L.
Class Notes
Native American Architecture, Arch 218, Week 7 Notes
25 ?




Popular in History of World Architecture: Middle Ages-18th Century

Popular in Architecture

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bobbi Ellias on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 218-02 at California Polytechnic State University-San Luis Obispo taught by Yip, Christopher L. in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see History of World Architecture: Middle Ages-18th Century in Architecture at California Polytechnic State University-San Luis Obispo.


Reviews for Arch 218 Week 7 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/18/16
Lecture 12: Native Americans Focus Questions: 1. What are the origins and elements of Aztec architecture, urbanism, and culture? 2. In what way did Inca architecture interpret the relationship between architectural form and nature? 3. What are the characteristics of the Anasazi Great Pueblo Period in the Southwestern USA? iClicker Questions: 1.Aztec Empire invented the use of the pyramidal form for religious structures in Mexo-America (true or false) Structures/Locations 1. Name: Chinampas Location: Tenochtitlan, Mexico Importance: Square layout of rectangles with canals in between to allow for navigation through the fields. Allows for agriculture in shallow lake beds 2. Name: Sacred Precinct Location:Aztec Empire. Tenochtitlan, Mexico. Importance: Dedicated to Huitzilopochtli (god of sun and war) and Tlaloc (rain god). had to sacrifice blood to gods. Sacrificing location. 20,000 prisoners sacrificed at last enlargement of Great Teocalli (pyramid) in the city. 3. Name: Paracas Tapestry Culture:Andean Culture Importance: culture favored collectivity, reciprocity, primary essence (represent ideas of things rather than realistic look) over appearance. Dry desert land. No written language- use symbols and images to describe ideas. 4. Name: Chan Chan People- Chimer Kingdom Location: Peru Importance: Fascination with wealth. No urban plan or center in city layout. Elaborate calendar; gold, silver and copper working. no written language. mass production of ritual and decorative objects. craft specialization. clay for commoners, metal for elite. One of the last great coastal empires. Conquered by Inca. 5. Name: Inca Tribe Location: Coastal Peru Importance: conquered many other locations. Grew potatoes. Created road system (even longer than Roman road system) to connect huge empire together. Created a network of 20,000 miles of Roads (from Ecuador to Chile). HugeArmy= took over many other tribes before Spain came and overthrew them. Narrow roads because no wheels- no cars/ wagons. Just used for walking alpacas- terrain too mountainous for wheels. *Developed Quipus (knotted string system of accounting. No writing. Kept records about taxes. a. Capital of Inca Empire: Cuzco, Peru: Royal, religious and elite constructions were wedged into the blocks created by the symbolic shape. *Layout was an animal (cat) layout. Reality= spiritual world. Less focus on real world. b. Santo Domingo: (Sun Temple site) Location: Cuzco, Peru. Importance: Wall. Stones viewed anthropomorphically- seen as having their own power. geometric and organic structure. Deliberately chose not to fit together perfectly. Show power of mother earth and nature. c. Sacsahuaman Location: Cuzco, Peru Importance: Gathering area and ritual center overlooking the city. Dedicated to thunder god. d. Machu Picchu Location: Peru Importance: Probably a ceremonial center hidden away at the end of Urubama River Valley. “Breadbasket for Cuzco”. Small. 200 rooms- house about 1000. Incredibly steep and hard to get to. Probably a “royal retreat” location. *Pirka- masonry used field stones laid in mud mortar for common structures. Faster form of construction. 6. Southwestern USA Culture: Early Basket making Period- no pottery, lived in caves and cliff recesses. Modified basketmaking Period: pottery. pit houses with circular fire pits and square roof; side entry with smoke and ladder. settlement spread to mesa tops and canyon bottoms. Developmental Pueblo Period: kivas (pit-houses) deep into ground. ladder hough smoke hole. living quarters moved above ground into rectangular rooms of adobe and saplings on stone foundations. Great Pueblo Period: Multi-leveled housing and storage complexes with sunken kivas. Masonry construction. Fighting between clans for limited farmland. Defensive settlement design (bc landscape is tough-have to fight for farmland) a. Cliff palace: Location: Mesa Verde, Colorado, USA Importance: Loose aggregation of rectangular rooms for living and storage. Sensititvey to site and solar orientation. Circular kivas.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.