PSY 201 Chapter 11 Notes
PSY 201 Chapter 11 Notes Psy 201
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Saldana on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 201 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Dr. Freberg in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 94 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
Chapter 11: The Developing Mind, Life Span Development -Prenatal Development Zygote- fertilized egg cell, stage of development from conception to two weeks Embryo- stage of development from the fourteenth day after conception until the end of the second month Fetus-stage of development that begins the third month after conception and lasts until birth -Risks to Development Genetic disorders- rarely passed along in large numbers. Ex: down syndrome Environmental toxins- alcohol consumption during pregnancy can lead to fetal alcohol syndrome. -Newborn Reflexes- stepping, swimming, developing, holding, nervous system is developing motor coordination Sleep/waking- random sleep patterns Sensory capacities- blurry vision, hearing is excellent -Physical Changes in Childhood Myelination- myelinated axons are speeding up brain and motor milestones Head to Toe- develop up and down, results of clumsiness for tall people Medial to Lateral- from midline to wingspan, able to control torso first, takes time for moto control to develop in hands -Cognition in Childhood Jean Piaget- classic theorist Assimilation- absorbing concepts and fitting them into categories you have created Ex: seeing a brown furry animal that barks= dog category Accommodation- work done on a category to fit a concept into it Ex: seeing a wolf and changing your category so it fits into the dog category now Sensorimotor Stage- birth to age 2, combination of sensing, then moving. Tend to put things in mouth, risk of safety during this stage, object permanence is not recognized. Preoperational Stage- 2 to 6 years of age, language concepts develop, own POV, believe in tooth fairy/Santa, no separation of reality and fantasy. Concrete Operations- 6 to 12 years of age, missing abstract reasoning, unable to answer “what if” questions Formal Operations- 13 to adult, can answer “what if”, always looking for the “right answer” Lev Vygotsky- believed in a separation between kids and parents and allowing kids to be more independent and come out of their comfort zone Naïve Theories- kids are prewired to have an idea of how the world works with their own theories Theory of Mind- the ability to get into someone’s head and understand how/ what they are thinking and feeling -Social and Emotional Development in Childhood Temperament- pre-eluding to personality Attachment- parents can affect the different types of attachment Secure Attachment: kids go out and explore the environment while periodically checking in, the ideal attachment wanted. Achieved by giving your fullest attention to your child when they need it. Insecure attachment: kids do not want to go explore, stay in one spot. This is achieved by being inconsistent with attention to the child and having them beg for your attention most of the time. Parenting Styles- SUPPORT Authoritative- what parents should strive HIGH LOW to be, teacher Authoritat Authoritar like motive BEHAVIOR HIGH ive ian Authoritarian- REGULATIO Uninvolve usually only make rules N LOW Indulgent d according to their own convenience Indulgent- usually has lead way when it comes to certain circumstances but still support you Uninvolved- consists of ignoring, not supporting or caring what the child does in any way
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