2/15-2/17 History 104
Popular in American Civilization Since 1865
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Curtis on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Kari Frederickson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see American Civilization Since 1865 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
2/15/16 not on first midterm midterm2 The Spanish-American War and American Imperialism I. General observations: Define imperialism a. Policy of extending our role over other lands i. Expressing our authority whether economic, military, or political II. American interest in Cuba: Changes between 1868 and 1898 Wants to extend power and expand to create a much larger nation, western hemisphere is sphere of influence i. Most countries ignored it ii. Monroe doctrine 1. just words iii. Not even military power to back it up 1890’s it becomes different, want to acquire possessions elsewhere in the world, not just expand power colonies US is very interested in Cuba one of Spain’s last colonies i. Many thought Cuba would become part of the US because it is only 90 miles away ii. Cubans did not like Spanish rule series of revolts in 1868 and then later in 1898 iii. We get involved in the revolution of 1898 Spanish American war 1. What changed between 1868 and 1898? a. Social Darwinism i. “only the fittest will survive” the world is a competitive place, must be strong ii. scared of what will happen without expansion b. Closing of the frontier c. Changing economic conditions i. Getting into china and their business d. “Yellow journalism” i. world affairs ii. 15 million immigrants 1. newspapers because focused for certain groups of immigrants 2. what sells better then violence? Second Cuban revolution was posted everywhere in the newspaper iii. exploiting peoples misery in the Cuban war, making people want to go and help Cuba and save them from the Spanish (Old World) e. Leadership i. Group of men (30s) that were born right around the end of the Civil War 1. Theodore Roosevelt 2. These men really want to go to war, importance of war service III. The U.S. goes to war Looks like war is going to be avoided a. The U.S.S. Maine i. Ship blew up in 1898 ii. 260 men were killed iii. “remember the Maine, to hell with Spain” iv. underwater mine is what seems to have blew the ship off, but in 1970 they believed that it was an explosion form the engine room v. Theodore Roosevelt wants war b. Teller Amendment i. Says keep focus on Cuba ii. The US has no intention to annex Cuba, does not want to take Cuba over, not war of empire c. America’s new empire i. Roosevelt sees this as a quest of empire, goes to China and the Philippines ii. Started as a war to free Cuba, ended as a war to take Spain’s colonies iii. Deny Cuba and Philippines the chance to come to France for the peace treaty IV. Independence for Cuba? Independence in 1902 a. Platt Amendment i. Says Cuba can be independent, but you’re not allowed to make any treaties with foreign countries that threaten US interest, and if you do the US is allowed to intervene. ii. Require them to give us land 1. Guantanamo bay V. The Philippine question a. Anti-imperialists: Motives i. Do we want all these Asians coming to the United States? Thinking of it about Race don’t want anymore cheap labor b. War in the Philippines, 1899-1903 i. Get independence in 1946 they don’t want United States there at all, they fight ii. Gorilla warfare was started here, American Military was not prepared iii. Pilipino are defeated 2/17/16 The Progressive Era 1890-1920 I. General characteristics of Progressive reformers Middle class farmers i. Most active ii. Women Want to impose order They believe in progress and that society is capable of improvement i. Very optimistic Government has an important role to play Farmers are seen as rebels Touched on children and life at home, but women cannot vote yet i. Believe they should have a say if its effecting them Many reformers are religious duty of Christians to act Moving away from Social Darwinism i. They believe society is a competition and if you are not doing well there is something weak about you Progressives believe they you aren’t succeeding because you aren’t strong, it is because you are working so much or don’t have a chance to get an education, it is the environment that is causing you do not do as well II. Categories of Reform Social Justice i. Muckrakers 1. Would have been more successful without these journalists because their goal was to expose the ills of society 2. Shined a light on the problems with society 3. Upton Sinclair published “The Jungle” talking about the living conditions in the United States. Indulged in many unsanitary conditions of working and living in the meat packing industry. Child labor and corporate abuse a. Leads to better food reforms b. Theodore Roosevelt, meet inspection act of 1906 c. Pure food and drug act ii. Public Health 1. American south is very interested in public health a. Sanitation horses, chamber pots b. South diseases c. Life expectancy was about 50 years for white men, much less for everyone else 2. Hookworm campaign a. Rockefeller special concern of his b. Infected almost 75% of everyone living in the south c. Parasite, lives in your intestines, causes anemia, losing iron, indigestion, muscle weakness, shortness of breath, developmental delays in a child d. Comes from southern life lack of shoes, unsanitary outdoor toilets, poor diet e. Comes in through feet f. Wanted people to wear shoes when going to outhouses, wanting them to move, had medicine created Social Control improvement of moral being i. Prohibition and controlling the manufacturing and sales of alcohol 18 amendment ratified in 1919 1. Could not sell or be made, but you could drink, not focused on consumption 2. Southern were hostile when it comes to temperance 3. Drinking and sociability was an elite party of southern honor along with being an economic battle for the lower class people making moonshine 4. Believe that violence is created by alcohol 5. End of slavery and trying to create a biracial society Political Reforms i. Initiative and Referendum (state-level reform) 1. If you have an issue you want people to vote on directly you can put that on a ballot ii. Recall and Direct Primary (state-level reform) 1. If you don’t like a senator, you can recall them 2. Creation of primary elections taking away the conventions, chosen by people th iii. Direct Election of Senator 17 amendment (1913) 1. Get for vote for senators iv. Expanding the Right to Vote to Women 19 Amendment 1. You’re going to let immigrants vote over women? 2. Used ugly argument v. Disfranchisement of African voters 1. Taking voting away form African Americans, seems like a step backwards 2. White voters saw it as a way to make politics more competitive 3. Getting rid of black voters gets rid of fraud to improve political system makes southern voting population tiny Economic Reforms i. Making business more equitable and fair
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