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social work ch.4 notes

by: rh389814

social work ch.4 notes SW 1000

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poverty and social welfare notes in chapter 4
Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare
Annelle Edwards
Class Notes
Social Work, chapter 4, poverty, Social Welfare
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by rh389814 on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SW 1000 at Ohio University taught by Annelle Edwards in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare in Public Health at Ohio University.

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Date Created: 02/18/16
Social Work chapter 4 Donna Rudnitski (BSW) Summary  Several businesses in Donna’s town were shutting down causing many of the families to  rely on food stamps and unemployment benefits. Some families even lost their houses.  There was nowhere to go to live in because the shelters were already overflowing. Donna asked her supervisor if there was anything they could do. The supervisor said that he had  already talked to the mayor and there was no extra money to help. Her husband suggested that she ask their church to see if they could help. The pastor said he could take in a few  families for a short while but some families would need it long term. Donna proposed  that if all the churches in the area agreed to give up space for a certain time, the churches  could take turns giving space. And created the Compassionate Council of Churches. A  total of 12 churches agreed to host homeless families for a week on a rotating schedule.  They also provided volunteers for cooking, cleaning, and getting children to school. One  of the churches even donated an area for a day center for adults. The Rutherford Family Summary  Katherine & George were middle class parents supporting their two kids through college  and recently took out a second mortgage. George worked at a business supply company  and Katherine worked on the cleaning staff of a nearby motel. One day Katherine (Kathy) noticed a lump on her breast and the doctors told her she had breast cancer. The day after  discovering her illness, George was laid off from his job, which meant they no longer had health insurance. They had a small savings account, but that would not pay for the  surgery. Kathy quit her job and went ahead with the surgery but held off on post­surgery  care due to the money. The unpaid bills started piling up and the unemployment benefits  were only slightly helpful. Kathy and George started applying for food stamps and other  aid services and even told their children they could no longer help them through college.  The kids applied for loans and were able to stay in school but could not help their parents. George could not find another job and Kathy was still recovering from surgery, so the  couple filed for bankruptcy and were foreclosed. Their pastor suggested that they stay in  the shelters the churches had been providing (Compassionate Council of Churches).  Kathy and George moved in and met with Donna Rudnitski, the social worker in charge. Social Welfare  Social welfare: a system that helps people help their basic needs o  Meet needs socially, economically, educationally, those health related, etc.  Residual approach: temporary aid only, meet needs by means of family & job first,  stigma attached.   Institutional approach: aid offered before family breaks down in order to try to prevent it,  ongoing aid, no stigma attached. Old World Historical Roots  Earliest method of aid was a mom caring for her child or other adults taking care of  their friends  Practice of almsgiving & love thy neighbor commandments  Churches provided some aid to the poor  Those able to work were put to work and didn’t receive “alms” Elizabethan Poor Laws  1601  First law passed to provide aid to those who need it  Split the poor population into categories o Impotent poor: blind, deaf, disabled, etc. o Dependent children   Impotent poor put in almshouse or given aid in their town.  Able­bodied people were put to work in workhouses and were not allowed to receive  “alms”  1795 Speenhamland act  Less eligibility Relief in U.S.  America made its own version of Elizabethan poor laws  After the American revolution, aid to the poor became a state issue  Federal government got involved in aid to needy after the civil war o Freedman’s bureau  o Federal taxes gave money to promote financial help and education to the newly­ freed slaves  Jane Addams founded hull house to support needy families  Religions were brought over to America from the old land which strongly influenced  decisions on aid given to needy Federal Influences  During the great depression, there were so many poor people that it was considered a  public issue.  Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected president as he promised to do something about the  growing number of poverty by involving the federal government  FDR made the “new deal”  o Offered short­term financial assistance & work relief  Long term plan was Social Security act


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