POSC 475: Model United Nations Notes
POSC 475: Model United Nations Notes posc 475
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shaquese Brodie on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to posc 475 at University of Delaware taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Model UN in Political Science at University of Delaware.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
Model UN Notes 2/10/2016 United Nations, at a glance Purpose of the UN Maintain international peace and security Cooperate in solving international problems and promoting human rights Develop friendly relations among states Be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations Where is started Follows political principles of Immanuel Kant US president Woodrow Wilson and "14 points" o Need to have a set of rule so that states of the world can prevent having another world war Creation and failure of League of Nations WWII conferences and drafting of UN Charter o Declaration of St. James & Atlantic Charter o Dumbar & Oaks conferences: where the great powers wanted the post WWII world to look like San Francisco conferences: Drafting of UN Charter, 51 countries signed Structure of UN General Assembly Security Council o The face of the UN, "president" of the UN Economic and Social Council o Environment, gender issues, ect Trusteeship Council International Court of Justice Secretariat 15 specialized agencies and 24 UN programs make up "UN System" UN Operationalization Regular/ core budget o Countries donate money Peacekeeping budget o 8 billion dollars International criminal tribunal budget Capital fund for UN headquarters There are currently 193 members of the UN Shows the rise of developing countries in the world UN impact on World Politics Peacekeeping as a response to breakdown of Great Power unity Disarmament and arms control as approaches to peace Movement towards selfdetermination; collective legitimation Northsouth divide UN and IR theory Realism = states matter o State interest matter Liberalism/neoliberal institutionalism = institutions shape state interests o The goals of the United Nations help shape the interests of the states o Used by the state to leverage their own interests Constructivism = norms/socialization o If states agree to practice something, it becomes a "norm", normal thing that becomes a regular practice o States use the UN to become more of a state UN Dilemmas Need for governance v. UN weakness Sovereignty v. Challenges to Sovereignty o NGOs pose as challenges to the UN Need for global leadership o With so many actors in the world, it becomes difficult to decide who should take the lead 2/17/2016 UN Security Council Dynamics Role of the US Site for collective legitimation Typically ambivalent about role of and in UN UN importance varies depending on President/Party in power Role of USSR/Russia Ideological difference between other P5 members lead to largely negative role Attempts to preserve Cold War influence and interests Domestic political matters France and UK Significant donors and generally support large UN thematic areas Differ in how they believe other states should be influenced Differ in idea of "common European position" UK occupies more of a leadership role between the two Role of China Originally kept low profile; UN as a site of prestige Still struggles with human rights and environmental issues Territorial integrity issues 2 Practice of abstaining Japan and Germany Losing WWII = delayed membership Made domestic constitutional concessions to increase role in UN Aspire permanent seats on security council Emerging powers and small states Major contributors to thematic areas May face less domestic scrutiny Play larger regional roles Socialization forum; interest aggregation Coalition and consensus "equitable geographic distribution" : Aliening with member states in you region Cohesion among sub regions, common interests Given crowded agenda, provides order and coherence Dynamics between p5 and elected members Power of veto/power asymmetry (another forum for great power politics?) P5 competitive advantage vs. elected members Subjective action Expanding scope of security council activities Elected Security Council members Play important role when security council is apathetic "sixth" power of veto: collective "no" vote by 7 members Elected member security council actions can mean bilateral implications Positive security council dynamic developments Increased coverage in thematic work Improved transparency Increasingly clear view on informal processes of security council Elected members become "penholders" 3
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