2444 Sports History
2444 Sports History 2444
Popular in History of Sports in Western History
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Holly Melton on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2444 at East Carolina University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see History of Sports in Western History in History at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
The Birth of College Football Early College Sports College campuses were all male schools and produced a frat house environment When 3 Prinston students were suspended in 1800s riots broke out And in 1820 a bombing occurred In 1840 a student killed a teacher The administrators turned to sports to relive their pent up energy During the 1850s colleges led the way to intercollegiate sports games In 1852 The annual Harvard-Yale regada became a major event and crew was a popular collegiate sport Amhers and Williams were the first colleges to play each other in Baseball Crew was played between each year and was a violent sport, this was used for the freshman hazing These games turned into teams representing the whole school to compete against nearby schools First intercollegiate football game was played in 1869 between Prinston and Ruckers, Harvard and Yale played their game in 1875 By the 1880s and 90s it was an essential feature for social life After New York caught on the game spread west Walter camp and Yale football On game day Yales stadium hosted a few thousand fans Walter Camp built Yale into a football powerhouse Yale lost only 14 games every other year Camp was college football’s most prominent spokesperson He picked the first all American team in 1889 He was elected the most responsible for promoting football and developing in the late 19 and 20 th Father of American football th Baseball originated in the middle of 19 century, where skilled crafts people worked at their own pace to produced high quality items Baseball was an on field version of individually performed craft, the positioning of the players and players of game focused on one or two individuals skills Baseball is a pre industrial game Football originated in the industrial production, was characterized by clocklike regularity Walter was a coach at Yale but became president and chairman of the board of the New Haven Clock company because of the timed football games Fredrick Winslow Taylor was the father and chief theorist of the scientific management movement, he went to factories with a stopwatch to time each employee. Based on that he increased the work speed by organizing the fastest workers Camp used this method in football and believed its best to use each one for a specific role Scripted plays can be used by coaches to use each player for a specific role Football was like English rugby, play began by throwing the ball into a scrum by a referee Camp established a line of scrimmage, established 3 downs, legalized blocking and legalized tackling below the waist Mass momentum plays- a large number of players ran into the defense in order to gain the 5 yards to get a first down Flying wedge formation- was the most effective and dangerous of the mass momentum plays. Offensive players lined up in a V shaped formation and rushed to a defensive alignment to tackle someone Scandal, Regulation, and Reform The flying wedge gave football a fatal reputation A handful of players were killed, in 1905 three college and 18 high schools players died Charles Elliot was the president of Harvard abolished the sport in 1906 at Harvard Victory at cost caused coaches to take a part in illegal recruiting practices by paying top players to play in one game Colleges lowered academic standards to get football players Theodore Roosevelt wanted to regulate and reform football, he advocated athletics, believed Americans should participate in strenuous sports Muckerplay- un-sportsman like rough play Everyone wanted to clean up football so it can still be played The president’s son was injured in the annual Harvard-Yale game along with a death from the Union College, many schools banned football In 1905 the National Intercollegiate Athletic Association was formed They instituted new rules to make football safer In 1939 they established a new rule to use helmets “Stagg University” Amos Alonzo Stagg was hired at the university of Chicago so that Yale or any college cant steal him Stagg turned Chicago into a football powerhouse In 1899 they became undefeated Martial Field was a stadium that was built to hold 25,000 fans Teachers complained that players didn’t have the right academic standards, Stagg cheated to keep players academically and gain their admission Football players took classes in the department in Physical Culture and Athletics, Stagg had the ability to determine the academic standards Robert Hutchins took aim at the football department and wanted to reform the academic institution After the 1933 season Stagg resigned Martial Field was demolished to create a library Indians 27, Cadets 6 The NCAA and the new rules made football safer and opened up the game The outcome of a 1912 contest between the Upstart Carlile Indian school and the US military school, became one of the most famous college game Jim thorpe was the worlds greatest athlete, the Carlile was faster and smaller The Indians had motivation, the U.S slaughtered hundreds of locodas sue They were coached by pop warner, he took advantage of the rule changes and designed a play to take advantage of thorps athletic gifts
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