Music and the Media, Week Three Notes
Music and the Media, Week Three Notes MUNM-25100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Gendron on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUNM-25100 at Ithaca College taught by Dr. Peter Rothbart in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Music and the Media in Music at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
Music and The Media Notes Week Three Vocab Motif/Leitmotif- A short, recognizable musical idea Notes on Reading “What to Listen for in Music” Copland Ch. 7-8 Tone Color- The quality of sound produced by a particular medium of musical tone production o Tone Color is also referred to as timbre Timbre in music is equivalent to the use of color in painting The intelligent listener should have two main objectives in relation to tone color o 1.) To sharpen his/her awareness of different instruments and their separate tonal characteristics o 2.) To gain a better appreciation of the composer’s expressive purpose in using any instrument or combination of instruments Composers choose instruments for their pieces to be played on which best expresses the meaning behind their idea o Difficulties in execution must be kept in mind by the composer because whatever instrument they choose must be able to preform in the appropriate range of the work The ‘Principal’ Single Tone Color Instruments Used in Music The four principal string instruments are: o 1.) Violin o 2.) Viola o 3.) Cello o 4.) Double Bass The four principal woodwind instruments are: o 1.) Flute o 2.) Oboe o 3.) Clarinet o 4.) Bassoon The four principal brass instruments are: o 1.) French Horn o 2.) Trumpet o 3.) Trombone o 4.) Tuba Percussion- has no definite pitch Its main purposes in music are to: o 1.) Sharpen rhythmic effects o 2.) Dramatically heighten the sense of the climax o 3.) Add color to the other instruments Musical Texture There are three kinds of musical texture: o 1.) Monophonic- A single, unaccompanied melodic line (no harmony) ex. Gregorian Chant o 2.) Homophonic- A principal melodic line and a chordal accompaniment o 3.) Polyphonic- Separate and independent melodic strands coming together and forming harmonies Makes greater demands on the attention of the listener It requires that we listen in a more linear fashion
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