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Cultural Anthropology week 3

by: Ariel Kamen

Cultural Anthropology week 3 anth 207

Marketplace > Towson University > Liberal Arts > anth 207 > Cultural Anthropology week 3
Ariel Kamen

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These are the notes that we have taken this week.
cultural anthropology
Scott Buresh
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariel Kamen on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to anth 207 at Towson University taught by Scott Buresh in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 58 views. For similar materials see cultural anthropology in Liberal Arts at Towson University.

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Date Created: 02/18/16
2/16/16                     * Amazonia major oxygenated land in the world  ­ manioc is the main source of calories ­ unlike both the Aborigines and the !kung; this group hunts, gathers and gardens ­ they tend to grow maize (corn) in their gardens  each Amazonian group abides by a constant patrilineal or matrilineal way of life ­ ­ creates ties among lineage * All societies have headman (leader) and shaman (healer) Yanomamo Documentary Talk • much more violent of the groups Bodley (textbook) discusses • everyone including the headman and shaman snort hallucinogenic drugs • village is in the middle of rainforest  • with manioc you can make flour or tapioca  • villagers will pick the lice out of each others hair *  Slash (cutting/slashing down trees)    &     Burn (men set fire to certain areas) In discussion of the shaman’s story of the jaguar…….How would you conceive a jaguar? ­conceited ­not very smart ­dangerous doesn't respect rules of incest, family, etc. ­ ­cannibals ­jaguars speak ­jaguars have kinship ­jaguars have a soul when listening to the story the young children can learn good and bad? ­ ­a lot of sexual tension among men and women  Key Things From Story • birds • twins — can be conceived as evil • hecora experts = hecora means soul • shaman  * any illness in the Yanomamo is where your soul is disconnected form your body; shaman from  different groups will try to keep the soul away but the shaman from the group of the ill is trying  to bring the soul back Economics Subsistant pattern : horticulture — manioc (gardening) Carrying capacity : 100 ­ 500 (average) Distribute/Exchange : balanced reciprocity * in Yanomamo the gardens belong to the men even though the women work generally in the  garden; however, the lineage own the garden *  “parties” that whoever “hosts” needs to be  when different lineages need protection they will host  repaid * they have an I owe you system 2/18/16                        Whats Going to Be On the Quiz • basic culture questions • know kinships, politics, reciprocities etc.  Kinships !Kung: monogamous; no parallel or cross cousin marriage Aborigines: polygyny; can cross but not parallel Yanomamo: polygyny; cannot marry siblings or parents Politics: !Kung: no designated leader Aborigines: elders Yanomamo: headman and force Economics: !Kung: general reciprocity Aborigines: general reciprocity Yanomamo: balanced reciprocity Religious: !Kung: use trance Aborigines:  Yanomamo: shaman (heal and curse, but also use drugs) * headmen and shaman MUST be men * Shaman must hunt, marry and garden like everyone else • recognize !Kung, Aborigines and Yanomamo ways of life and differences What causes confrontation among villages?   ­ gardening and taking advantage of the women * if an argument begins and villages begin to fight and someone dies; the village of the deceased  will have to move away * a headman will try and stop the fight because he does not want the villages to split up * the women in the Yanomamo tribe get beaten by their husbands and are at risk of being stolen  and married off into another village  Polygyny (  many women   ) and Polyandry (  many men   )  ­ anyone that has more than one spouse MIDTERM QUESTIONS!!! 1.   What is the most common type of marriage practiced in the world?        ­ monogamous 2. What is the most preferred type of marriage in the world?        ­ polygyny…….least common is polyandry *why do most men end of polygamous?   ­ some men cannot afford more than one wife


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