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Sociology Week 3 notes

by: Ariel Kamen

Sociology Week 3 notes soci 243

Marketplace > Towson University > Liberal Arts > soci 243 > Sociology Week 3 notes
Ariel Kamen

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About this Document

These are the notes that we took this week.
sociology, race, class and gender
Miho Iwata
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariel Kamen on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to soci 243 at Towson University taught by Miho Iwata in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 82 views. For similar materials see sociology, race, class and gender in Liberal Arts at Towson University.

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Date Created: 02/18/16
2/16/16                                  xis of Oppression ­socially constructed categories * I am [status] x 10 Categories Race Class Gender Sexuality Able­bodiedness Citizenship Immigration status  (all notions of intersectionality) Introducing Human Rights ­universal declaration of human rights ­what are the differences between human rights and citizen rights?      Human rights followed by everyone whereas citizen rights depend on where you are a  “citizen” and can claim these rights *”basic rights and freedoms that all people are entitled to regardless of nationality…….(online) *universal and egalitarian with all people having equal rights by virtue of being human. These  rights may exist as natural rights or as legal rights in both national and international law in response to the tragedies during WWII protection from the state ­ Civil and Political Rights • economic and social rights • right to life, freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly. electoral rights and  rights to due process and a fair trial Economic, Social and Cultural Rights ­labor rights and the right to health, education and an adequate standard of living • Issues with enforcement/holding the states accountable? Universalism and Cultural Relativism? Cultural relativism = opposite of ethnocentrism  Discussion • how do the reading assignments for the race/ethnicity topic relate to     ­ structural framework     ­ hierarchy binary construction (dominant vs subordinate) 2/18/16                Racial Formations by OMI and WINANT • racial formation: process by which social, economic and political forces determine the content  and importance of racial categories and by which they are in turn shaped by racial meanings • race: social concept (not biological concept) • racial meanings/categories vary over time and between different societies    ­ categories available on census    ­ over time, Southern Europeans, the Irish and Jews etc. became “white” • race: always been the center of U.S. politics    ­ racial projects    ­ fluidity and flexibility of racial categories and meanings • color­blind approach: cannot eradicate racially biased social structure White Priviledge by McIntosh • power relations: dominant group maintains its dominance at the cost of the subordinate groups  (advantage/disadvantage) •  white privilege: invisible package of unearned assets • whites are taught to think their lives as morally neutral, normative and average …. • myth of meritocracy …. •  — permission to escape or to dominate/privilege to ignore less  power from unearned privilege  power people Optional Ethnicity by Waters • ethnicity: social construct • symbolic ethnicity: ethnicity that ’s individualistic in nature and without real social cost for the  individual •  only for white Americans of European ancestry • for racial minorities, labels are imposed based on their phenotype   ­ racialized ethnicity •  implications: college campuses Becoming Suspects by Nguyen • post 9/11 immigration control/anti­terrorism campaigns • who were targeted? • social response — organizing Economic Inequality • problems of U.S. society result from the distribution of power and the form of the economy    ­ the U.S. system doesn't produce a society that is democratic, just and equal in opportunity Capitolism or Socialism •  no society has a purely capitalist or socialist economy Capitalism Depends on 3 conditions: 1.   Private ownership of property 2.   Pursuit of maximum profit 3.   Competition ­ 4th condition: government policy of laissez­faire


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