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February 18th Notes

by: RoseJackson

February 18th Notes Theater 210

Cal Poly
GPA 2.67
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These notes are from Valle's lecture on lighting and theater as well as the Victorian Era. They are from Lecture #12
Introduction to Theatre
Professor Valle
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by RoseJackson on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Theater 210 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Professor Valle in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 85 views.

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Date Created: 02/18/16
2/18/2016 Lecture #12 “Ligh▯ng/Wilde” Notes ▯ I. The history of ligh▯ng as it relates to theater A. Sunlight 1. Outdoor theaters were usually in posi▯ons that took advantage of the sunlight B. Candles 1. When there wasn't sunlight, candles were used and were used for when people moved indoors 2. Oldest form of ligh▯ng 3. The oldest surviving candle is made of beeswax from the 7th and is displayed in a museum in Germany. C. Oil lamps 1. Made with tallow (fat) or olive oil D. Chandeliers 1. The predominate ligh▯ng un▯l kerosene 2. They were lighted when it started to get dark and then pulled up to the ceiling E. Footlights 1. Basically candles lit downstage a) Were able to light them, turn them off, or dim them simultaneously with flap across stage b) Also could add colors F. Dimming 1. Lights were dimmed by snipping the wicks of candles 2. Large flames near curtains and people with costumes caused a lot of fires in the theaters G. Kerosene a) Used nearly en▯re 19th century b) Can change color as well H. Limelight 1. Basically follow-spots or spotlights, produced a greenish light 2. Used much of the 19th century 3. Caused by a block of lime ignited by hydrogen and oxygen flame I. Gas 1. Became popular in 19th century towards the end a) Worlds first gas stage ligh▯ng system was built in 1816 b) By 1823 nearly 40,000 lamps had been installed in 21 miles of London streets (streetlights) 2. Drury Lane a) First fully gas theater in London (and world) built in 1845 b) Similar theater, The Royal Theater of Stockholm contained 562 burners and caught on fire (1) actors would o▯en catch on fire 3. In a review from an audience member “The gas makes the air foul and the theater hot.” a) Gas uses up all the oxygen so the theater was o▯en stuffy J. Electricity 1. Invented by Thomas Edison 1879, the first perfected incandescent lamp 2. Parts of a lamp a) The glass bulb b) The filament c) The base 3. In 1882, Munich held a conference where they presented their project proving how electric instruments can replace gas 4. Savoy Theatre a) First electric theater in London and in the world (1881) b) Held over 1000 sixteen candle bulbs 5. Jean Rosenthal and Peggy Clark a) Two famous American ligh▯ng designers b) Both women who came from Yale c) In the late 50s and 60s they did all the broadway ligh▯ng designs before moving to film 6. Tharon Musser a) Introduced the use of a computer for ligh▯ng design b) Also a woman from Yale II. Victorianism Theater (The theater period of Queen Victoria 1837-1901) A. The Wildean period 1. The period of Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) 2. Wildean means a razor sharp wit that skewers Social Conven▯on 3. Oscar Wilde had the art of epigram or “wi▯cism” a) Examples of epigram (1) Quote from the Importance of Being Earnest: “Anyone who lives within their means suffers from a lack of imagina▯on” (2) Play has the sub▯tle of “A Trivial Comedy for Very Serious People” 4. Bon wot: good word (wi▯y) 5. The Importance of Being Earnest borrowed from the play “The Foundling
 by Lestocq B. Theater largely borrowed from the Greek idea of hupookrisis 1. Defini▯on: Ac▯ng of a theatrical part 2. Modern defini▯on: Hypocrisy 3. “Bunburyist” is hypocrisy a) Living a double life (1) Cecily: “I hope you have not been leading a double life, pretending to be wicked and being really good all the ▯me. That would be hypocrisy.” C. The Importance of Being Earnest 1. Jack and Algernon mirror the same behavior however, Algernon embraces his double life while Jack hides it 2. Is reflec▯ve of Wilde’s life because he embraced his double life as a married man/ father and a homosexual a) Play is about Wilde’s double life 3. Play opened in St James theatre a) The program consisted of two plays, a “curtain raiser” and the main event b) They didn't charge the extra usage fee for using electricity for the show 4. The upper-class would go to the theater in a hansom cab designed to maneuver “heavy traffic” ——————————————————————————————————————————— (HE ONLY COVERED UP TO HERE IN CLASS) ▯ Topics From His Outline That Were Not Covered • Curtain raiser • Role of Art • Country versus City—how is this used in the play? Educa▯on - gender • • Views on Sexuality • The relevance of this picture:


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