World Geography Week 5 Notes
World Geography Week 5 Notes IREL 100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Layne Franklin on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to IREL 100 at University of Indianapolis taught by Brian Platt in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see World Regional Geography in History at University of Indianapolis.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
League of Nations WWI (1914-1917)-The War to End All Wars 1919-League of Nations is formed. Prevent war: Collective security, negotiation, and arbitration Treatment of natives in colonies Global health Weaknesses No enforcement mechanism Doesn’t represent colonized peoples Lack of participation from major powers Background Weaknesses Exposed 1931-Japan invades Manchuria 1935- Italy invades Ethiopia (again) Late 1930s-The rise of Nazi Germany Post-WWII Atlantic Charter-No territorial changes against will of people, reduced trade restrictions, global cooperation 1944-Bretton Woods conference in New Hampshire Establishes the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (for Reconstruction and Development) October 1945-United Nations is officially signed into existence Initially focused on peacekeeping Hindered by Cold War tension 1947-General Assembly approves partition of Palestine, creation of Israel 1960s-Decolonization worldwide fuels expansion of membership General Assembly One vote per member state Adopt budgets Elects members to various councils Make recommendations to states and Security Council UN Security Council International peacekeeping and security Can issue binding resolutions Can authorize binding sanctions Can authorize military force 5 permanent members US, Russia, China, UK, France 10 non-permanent members One vote per member state Adopt budgets Elects members to various councils Makes recommendations to states and Security Council UN Successes UN feeds 104 million people in 80 countries each year Has helped keep elections free and fair Aid to refugees worldwide International war crimes prosecution The US and the UN 1944-Bretton Woods conference in New Hampshire Establishes the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (for Reconstruction and Development) Security Council paralyzed by Cold War Ambiguity and Iraq 1991-Security Council authorizes use of force against Saddam Hussein November 2002-Iraq given ultimatum to cooperate with inspections March 2003-Coalition invades Iraq, but was it authorized? Slobodan Milosevic- Serbian President President until 2000
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