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Class Notes for 2/18/16

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by: Jess Snider

Class Notes for 2/18/16 TH 114-009

Jess Snider
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About this Document

Notes from the class lecture on 2/18/16
Intro to Theatre
David Bolus
Class Notes
theater, Lecture




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1 review
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"good job"
Paula Ramirez

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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jess Snider on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to TH 114-009 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by David Bolus in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views.


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Date Created: 02/18/16
February 18, 2016 TH114 Beginning of Class Discussion A. Exam scores are online, check under testing services. a. Take raw score multiply by 2 to get grade b. 3-4 points added on because 3-4 questions will be taken off B. Countess Writing Prompt (due Tuesday) a. The prompt itself is in bold, ignore the nonsense up top nothing to do with paper b. Email David or Tom with questions they will help Class Lecture Musical Theater: An American Genre (Ch. 6 expanded) A. What is a musical? a. An art form that tells a story using song & dance to further the plot b. Generally performed by actors who sing c. The story is the most important component d. Example: i. Dreamgirls “And I Am Telling You” B. Where Did It Come from? a. Lots of history leads us to our current musicals b. Greek and Roman drama are said to have utilized music, but the records of that are sparse C. Middle Ages a. Minstrel shows and morality plays were often staged with music, but records are again spars and most believe the music involved hymn b. Only important because the music was neither written for the performance nor was it necessary D. Modern Musical a. Italy’s renaissance and the birth of opera planted the seed for music to be used in new ways theatrically b. An offshoot of opera came to be known as a balled c. John Gay’s the beggars opera E. Operetta a. French and Viennese operetta really defined the art form and made possible the ide to use music differently to tell stories b. Popular across Europe F. Britain a. It appeared in Britain, but less popular i. People there were in the music hall phase, but the introduction of the form was key G. America’s Contribution a. Early American theater saw a fair amount of operetta from Europe through English influence b. Something they knew, but didn’t love it c. Americans at the time loved vaudeville, often lighter and offered lots of fun songs and dance numbers H. Building Blocks a. Earliest form of musical were developed as operettas with the soul of vaudeville b. First true musical appeared in 1860 The black Crook I. The Early names a. With the success of the black crook and the new hits from England by gilbert and Sullivan, major theatrical names started tie stablish style from fro musical b. George M. Cohan c. Jerome Kern d. Florena Ziegfield i. The Ziegfield follies made it to Broadway in 1901 and view and the final step before modern musical J. Showboat a. Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II changed everything with Showboat (1927) b. A true book musical in the style we know today, this was a story with songs that advanced the plot and focused on the narrative i. Most successful hit of the 1920s K. Musicals Grow a. Other major names began to establish themselves b. Rodgers and Hart i. On your toes (1936 c. George and Ira Gershwin i. Of thee I sing (1931) d. Cole porter i. Anything goes 1934 L. Rodgers and Hammerstein a. Richard Rodgers (1902-1979) was one of the biggest composer in musical theatre history arguably the biggest b. Was successful early one working with lyricist c. Hammerstein had a family background in theatre d. Most successful songwriting team in Broadway history and still are to this day e. Changed BroadwayOklahoma being the major turning point i. Oklahoma ii. Carousel iii. South pacific iv. The king and I v. The sound of music M. Oklahoma a. Written in1943 by Rodgers and Hammerstein and changed everything b. All the songs established characters and advanced plot c. There was a ballet that did the same thing d. They didn’t open the show with a big production number, instead they opened with a man alone on the stage e. It was a hit and all musicals followed in in footsteps N. Others Fall in Line a. With Oklahoma’s success O. The Golden age a. Musicals hit their stride in the 1950’s and some of the greatest hits of the genre came out of that tie b. Broadway musicals produced the most popular music in the west c. My fair lady d. Guys and dolls e. Gypsy P. Popularity ones a. Golden age contoured in the early 60s b. Faded as country changed c. Hair(1968) was a major turning point that showed the musicals were on point of America, but America wasn’t ready for its own changes Q. Dark Times a. Weren’t a lot of hits after hair as mainstream musical theatre tried to find its way b. Rock musicals were a bright spot, but short lived i. Jesus Christ superstar, Andrew Lloyd weber ii. Concept album-then show R. Stephen Sondheim a. The game changed with Sondheim, the lyricist of west side story b. Introduced the idea of a concept musical built around a theme, rather than a story c. Early hits included: i. Company 1970 ii. A little night music 1973 d. Still popular today S. Commercialized theater a. With that success big money mad its way back to Broadway with expensive meg musicals from Britain with dazzling special effect but short on story b. Evita 1978 c. Phantom of the Opera d. Les Miserables i. Andrew Lloyd Webber T. Turn of the Century a. That success allowed re-invigorated musicals with ore creative theater folk that started churning out new quality pieces b. The producers (2001) c. Urine town d. Hairspray U. Booming Business a. Musicals continued to thrive with great comedies i. Avenue @, Spamalot b. New dramatic musicals c. Big money musicals i. Disney ii. Wicked V. New musicals wave a. The jukebox musicals became popular from 2005 on i. Rain ii. Jersey boys b. Small niche shows also had a following W. Type of musicals a. Book musical i. Traditional musical where a book is written telling a story 1. Music and dance are added to expand the story b. Revue or Jukebox musical i. The music of one artist or time period is used to formulate a story c. Dance Musical i. Musical to written to tell a story using primarily dance


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