Popular in History of Women in the U.S. part 2
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Popular in History
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taryn manciu on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist309 at University of Oregon taught by Professor Bufalino in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see History of Women in the U.S. part 2 in History at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
Week 7 Monday Document Analysis Group Discussion “Should we draft mothers?” -‐Progressive: women should get paid to stay home -‐Time: war not over, but clean that it will come to an end very soon -‐Playing to role of it’s your job to keep kids out of trouble -‐It’s not a mans fault that children fall out of line while in a mans absence but it’s the woman’s role to keep them in check *All talked about how women could go out and be a worker and be successful but that they shouldn’t because its going to affect the home and their husbands pride. BIG step to stay that WOMEN are capable at the very least. “Occupation housewife” -‐Is just being a housewife satisfying? -‐Tension between glorification (women need to be at home) but at same time women question if its what they want. Luke warm appreciation of work (not enough to be paid for it but still important) *Contradiction, tension between governmental discourses. Suggesting significant number of women of unmarried women “stay in their jobs?” -‐-‐-‐ a women who loves her job too much Is a problem. Week 7 Wednesday Cold War Activism Out to work Women drawn to high wages and non-‐material benefits of work -‐Full employment meant competitive wages -‐Women’s contributions to the war effort praised extensively by industry, govt. and in pop culture (magazine, TV., etc.) -‐Rhetoric of “A man-‐sized job” indicated temporary suspensions of genders norms. 1945 -‐33% of workforce were female (up from 21% in 1933)) -‐36% of women worked for wages -‐10% of married women worked -‐4% skilled workers were female -‐Pay for skilled work -‐Female $31.21 week -‐Male $54.65 week -‐Most wanted to keep working after war -‐Women who had children who were school age and up were being encouraged to join workforce, under school age children were encouraged to stay home Women in the Military -‐Women accepted for volunteer emergency services (WAVES-‐Navy) -‐Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAACs-‐1942) -‐Women’s Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron (WAFs) -‐Grew out of work for various work women were doing for building aircrafts -‐Women’s Air Force service pilots (WASPs) -‐As war progress it became evident that there was a need for women to take part in many of these activities over seas, women were formally part of the military control instead of just temporary spot holders (benefits only available to men are now available to women ex. GI bill) -‐Women’s Army Core recognized women -‐Army was the force that had the largest number of women Lecture Themes -‐Contrast between post-‐war prosperity and continuing inequality for women and people of color -‐Cold war military-‐industrial complex challenged on several fronts: college students, urban youth, and people of color, wage earners and mothers -‐Social movements emerged demanding equal rights and government reform (beginning 1950’s) -‐Women played a leading role: but met with discrimination from within and without -‐End of the War for U.S precipitated by atomic bombs dropped on Japan -‐Manning of ending of war is significant for all Americans but especially for American women -‐Contrast between economic prosperity with continued extreme inequality (women, people of color, women of color) will lead to social movements. -‐Women play significant role in social movements, as they have a key role in the thinking, and being leaders. 1950s-‐ on -‐In terms of workforce, women take advantage of prosperity and enter workforce in greater and greater numbers -‐Prosperity will highlight that women will experience discrimination and sexual harassment in the workforce -‐Contrast between prosperity and oppression The Cold War -‐1945-‐1991 conflict between U.S. and Soviet Union for global supremacy -‐On-‐going political conflict, occasional military conflicts (proxy wars), mutually assured destruction (by 1950s) -‐Competition between U.S. and Soviet Union for controlling influence over various parts of the world, obsessed wit with making sure communism does not spread around the world -‐Arms race for “who has the greatest capacity to harm?” 1950s Cultural Conflict -‐Post War “booms” -‐Military-‐industrial complex -‐High birth rate (baby boomers) -‐Consumer’s republic -‐Suburbanization -‐Suburbs emerged to house people that moved from the west coast In order to have more space and room for all the children, it also made it so people needed MORE house stuff. -‐All the suburbs people, you NEED a car. Types of expenses are changing and emerging and this stimulates the economy immensely -‐McCarthyism -‐Led to a huge rise in people being executed and imprisoned for suspected communism (miscarriages of justice) -‐Tremendous period of negative feel towards “the left” -‐Growing up Nuclear -‐Created anxiety and affluence (constant reminder and education on potential to being bombed -‐Glorification of Domesticity vs. the “Permissive Society” -‐Distance women from urban networks -‐Increasing concern about mother dominated/suburban household and effect it was having on children (concern of increasing juvenile delinquency) -‐50s and 60s mothers were blamed for problems with the child (blamed for overly babying the child) Post War Female Employment -‐2 million women laid off high paying factory jobs -‐Decline in domestic work continues post-‐war -‐Rise in “pink collar” jobs absorbs wartime female work force -‐Service jobs or clerical jobs (dominated by women) business that thrive (defense automobile, etc.) will need clerical staff and women will fill those positions -‐With exception of the initial wave of women being laid off, the actual percentage of women in workforce will actually continue to grow -‐Steady increase in % of women working outside home % of U.S. women in the workforce (age 15+) 1900 : 18.8% 1910 : 21.5% 1920 : 21.4% 1930 : 22.0% 1940 : 25.4%* ß here forward steady increase in women in the workforce 1950 : 33.9% 1960 : 37.7% 1970 : 43.3% The Women Struggle for Black freedom -‐Leadership -‐College students and grads overrepresented -‐Black men overrepresented (dominated over and above their numbers) -‐Female leaders: Ella Baker, Daisy Bates, Fannie Lou Hammer, Angela Davis, and Elaine Brown among others -‐Demonstrators -‐Students overrepresented -‐Black women highly visible on “front lines” -‐Supporters -‐Women overrepresented in consumer boycotts -‐Patriarchy prevailed
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