CL 113 Lecture 10 Feb 17
CL 113 Lecture 10 Feb 17 CL 113LEC
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
Lecture 10 Feb 17 Phoenicians They also inhabited Cyprus Island NOT Indo-Europeans; they are Semitic o Semitic languages: Hebrew, Aramaic, Arabic Greeks adopted a Phoenician deity on this island o Astarte- she became the Greek deity Aphrodite During this time (Greek Dark Age)- Greeks acquired many elements that are related to their myths Hesiod 8 century B.C. (along with Homer) Poet Composed a poem about how it all began; how the gods were born etc. o This is called the Theogony (birth of the Gods) Offers certain traditions that we encounter among other Indo-European people He says that in the beginning there was only Chaos o Chaos is denoted as empty space; great void; divine being o Produces offspring- Darkness and Night Gaea o 2 nddivine being ‘Earth’ o Has a son Uranus- ‘heaven/Ouranos’, Urea ‘mountains’ and Pontus ‘Sea’ Fatherless conceptions o Gaea & Uranus produce children call the “12 Titans” o This is the first time offspring are produced with a father o Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetas (the first 5 are sons) o Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemisyne, Phoebe, Tethys o The youngest of the Titans is Cronus (Kronos) o They also have 3 Cyclopes- 1 eye o Produce Hecatoncheires- anatomically peculiar set of 3 sons “Hundred Handed-Ones” 50 heads, 100 arms Tartarus- a dark place in the depths of the ground o 3 divine being Eros (love, desire, erotic) o 4 divine being Oceanus Produces children with his wife Tethys ‘Rivers of the world’ – the sons ‘Oceanids’- the daughters Nymphs of springs and waters Iapetus He marries one of the Oceanids- Clymene Atlas- Son o Giant who shoulders the burden of heaven and earth Prometheus- son o Friend to human kind; gives us fire o Zeus later turns him into a mountain Hyperion Soldier deity Wife- Theia Produce 3 children: Helios ‘Sun’, Selene ‘Moon’, and Eos ‘Dawn’ Phoebe Coeus- husband Crius Eurybia- wife Daughter of Gaea and Pontus Mnemosyne Zeus- husband Their children are the Muses o Goddesses of Artistic inspiration Uranus As each of his children are born, he hides them in ‘earth’ aka Gaea Her burden becomes too much so she asks her children to help her o Cronus is the only one willing to help o Gaea gives Cronus a sickle made out of adamant (hardest of all elements) that has great jagged teeth Cronus vs. Uranus Gaea gives Cronus a place to hide with the sickle Uranus arrives with intentions to make love to Gaea Cronus castrates Uranus with the sickle o The blood that flows from the wound impregnates Gaea o Cronus throws the castrated genitals into the sea and Aphrodite is born Conceiving creatures called Erinyes (Furies- Rome) o Avenging spirits Gaea Conceives a race of Giants and the Meliae (Nymphs) o Nymphs- Ash Tree Titans are now released from within their mother Cronus Becomes King of Heaven after he emasculated his father He marries Rhea Produce offspring: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, Zeus Swallows each of his children as they are born o Rhea becomes tired of this and wants a solution (while she is pregnant with her 6 child) o She turns to her mother and father (Gaea and Uranus) for help o Gaea takes Rhea to Crete where she gives birth to Zeus Cronus swallows a stone thinking it is Zeus o He gets rid of all of his children from inside him Hestia Goddess of the Hearth Hera Zeus’s eventual wife Hades God of the Underworld Poseidon God of sea Zeus Cretan born Apollodorus Wrote Bibliotheca- library of Greek Mythology 2ndcentury A.D. (some people think it was earlier than that) He says that Metis (one of the Oceanids) was the first wife of Zeus o Gave Cronus a drug that caused him to regurgitate his children Gaea tells Zeus that his daughter will be like him in wisdom and strength and the son will over throw him o So Zeus swallows Metis War between Titans and Gods Titans Position themselves on top of Mt. Othrys Zeus Takes position on Mt. Olympus Goes on for 10 years o No winners Zeus had released Cyclopes from inside Gaea o They give him the Thunderbolt and it becomes his characteristic weapon Hundred handed-ones are still locked away until th the 10 year of the war and they join him on the fight o They come in handy
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