Class Notes for the Week of 02/15/16
Class Notes for the Week of 02/15/16 Hy 104
Popular in American history after 1865
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jess Snider on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hy 104 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Kari frederickson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see American history after 1865 in Art at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
HY104 Class Notes for the Week of 2/15/16 I. The Spanish-American War and American Imperialism a. General observations: i. Imperialism: a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force b. American Interest in Cuba: Changes between 1868 i. Social Darwinism 1. Natural selection applying it to human beings world is a competitive place ii. Closing of the frontier 1. Nations competing expand iii. Changing economic conditions 1. Periods of expansion then periods of economic downturn 2. Selling goods over seadifficult because of other countries iv. “Yellow Journalism” 1. New group of readers being reached new urban papers 2. Violence good selling point 3. Stretching the truth tall tales v. Leadership 1. Youngish men wanting to join the fight in Cuba II. The U.S. goes to War a. The U.S.S. Maine i. US battleship sent to Cuba to protect interests ii. Explodes 260ish men deceased iii. US newspaper blame Spain b. Teller Amendment i. No intention of annexing of Cuba not a war for empire c. America’s New Empire III. Independence for Cuba? a. Platt Amendment IV. The Philippine question a. Anti-imperialists Motives b. War in the Philippines, 1899-1903 The Progressive Era, 1890-1920 I. General characteristics of Progressive reformers a. Had positive view of human nature, believing that people inherently good and well intentioned II. Categories of Reform a. Social justice i. Belief that everyone had the right to a decent, minimum standard of living ii. rights to a fair wage, old-age pension, workplace safety, workmen’s compensation, maximum hours, and a minimum wage 1. Muckrakers 2. Consumer Protection a. Upton Sinclair, The Jungle b. Meat Inspection Act, 1906; Pure Food & Drug Act, 1906 3. Public Health a. Hookworm Campaign b. Social control i. Concerned with moral improvement 1. Prohibition of alcohol- 18 amendment (1919) c. Political reforms i. Improve the democratic process, make government more responsive (populist) 1. Initiative & referendum (state-level reform) 2. Recall & direct primary (state-level reform) 3. Direct Election of Senators- 17 Amendment (1918) 4. Expanding the Right to Vote Include Women- 19 th amendment (1920) 5. Disfranchising African American Voters- By 1908 all southern states have rewritten constitutions—poll tax, literacy test, other obstacles included in constitution
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