Social Psychology Notes 2/15-2/19
Social Psychology Notes 2/15-2/19 2606
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Claudia Mancl on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2606 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Brett King in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Colorado at Boulder.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
Social Psych Notes 2/15/16 – 2/19/16 III. Impression Management a. Situated identities: role of social situation on the self-schema leads to self awareness a. Private self-consciousness: attention to non-public, introspective aspects of self b. Public self-consciousness: projecting a positive image to others leads to an attempt to control self image c. Role of guilt (private anxiety) vs embarrassment (public anxiety) in situated identities b. Self presentation a. Ingratiation: use of spontaneous and well constructed flattery (goal = affection) b. Intimidation: aggressive strategy designed to dominate others (goal = fear) c. Self promotion: boasting behavior or extreme modesty focused on personal accomplishments (goal = appear competent) i. Basking in reflective glory: act of playing up our associations with high status people or events ii. Cutting off reflective failure: distancing ourselves from low- status people or events c. Self-monitoring: tendency to regulate one’s social behavior based on either social demands or internal factors a. High self-monitors: adapt social behavior to fit situations and public expectations b. Low self-monitors: ignore social demands and act based on personal values and beliefs c. Trends in self-monitoring research i. High self-monitors are better at facial expression, producing emotions on demand and reading social situations. More concerned with partner’s appearance ii. Low self-monitors: less likely to be persuaded by authority d. Self-disclosure: process of revealing intimate information about ourselves to others a. Strangers on a train: eavesdrop on conversations and people share a lot with strangers b. Stages in the development of self-disclosure i. Stage 1: orientation stage (stranger stage) ii. Stage 2: exploratory exchange iii. Stage 3: affective exchange (emotions) iv. Stage 4: stable exchange (all barriers come down and can tell the other person anything). Most relationships never make it to stage 4. c. Norm of reciprocity: expectation that both sides should make intimate self-disclosures Attraction I. General Evaluation a. Propinquity: geographical closeness or proximity may enhance attraction. This makes long distance relationships hard. (possible essay question) b. Physical attractiveness: Sir Francis Galton judged women on scale of attractiveness from different countries which produced the Galton Scale of Attraction. a. Names and attraction: there is an influence by the name someone has on how attractive they are to people b. Cultural shifts in perception of beauty: different views of what is beautiful in different cultures and time periods c. Ideal norms of physical attractiveness i. “ideal man”: thin legs and waist, broad shoulders, small buttocks, 6” taller than mate ii. “ideal woman”: medium sized breasts, medium sized buttocks and legs, thin waist and 4.5” shorter than waist iii. this was proven wrong and everyone finds people differently attractive c. Predictability a. Attraction is often conservative which means that predictability involves little risk b. Boring if too predictable: high level of predictability is good, but not too high d. Similarity a. Actual similarity: true degree of similarity between two people (beliefs, intelligence, physical attractiveness) b. Perceived similarity: degree of similarity that people believe exists between them i. Perceived similarity is usually more influential than actual similarity ii. People with an unfavorable self-concept may be more attracted to dissimilar people. c. Matching hypothesis (essay question): tendency to seek one’s physical attractiveness i. Matched couples reported greater levels of satisfaction than mismatched couples ii. Mismatched couples reported greater levels of dissatisfaction and higher divorce rates
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