HY 121 Week 6 Notes
HY 121 Week 6 Notes HY 120
Popular in The United States To 1877
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jada Beckham on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 120 at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Pamela S. King in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see The United States To 1877 in History at University of Alabama at Birmingham.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
HY 121/ Week 6 Feb/18/16 Decades leading up to Revolution Continuation of Tuesday: The reaction of the English government towards the refusal of the American colonist over paying off the war debt o This triggers money & taxes o The American colonist had to create an ideology around these issues (tax & money) o Many of the colonists are members of the Enlightment period Earliest taxes were the Sugary Currency Tax o Impacts mainly shippers Stamp Tax hits many colonists than the Sugary Currency Tax o The Stamp Act affects EVERYBODY because it’s a frontal assault on freedom of speech James Otis- 1 to propose that colonist need their own representative to pay taxes o Leads to the Stamp Act crisis Stamp Act crisis – promoted by a Virginian colonist Patrick Henry o Patrick Henry famous for saying “ Give me liberty or give me death” st o He is not the 1 to say “give me liberty or give me death”, Mercy Otis Warren was the 1 -sister of James Otis Mercy Warren- most famous intellectual revolutionary o Most important voice of the Revolution war o Member of the Enlightment period o Feminist o Wrote many pamphlets and play, most famous play she wrote was “Blockheads” o She creates the British being ridiculous as oppose to the Americans in her plays Patrick Henry writes about his anger towards the British in the Virginia Resolves o He articulates that Parliament has no right to impose taxes inside the colony of Virginia Stamp Act crisis was violent and it involved mobs, thugs and they are armed, burning things down and out of control Loyal Nine- very violent, thugs and extreme o Movements to over throw government are violent o They are lawless The result of loyal nine activities is the British officials, tax collectors are intimidated and frightened and they back down Stamp Act crisis also brings into the debate and into the colonies about the importance of newspapers, printers and freedom of the press Sons Of Liberty-thugs that know how to turn a phrase , they try to convince there colonist that what they’re doing is a good cause, they are going to inspire mass demonstration o Says that “ we Virginians need to come together and refuse to pay taxes” o The Loyal Nine & Sons of liberty says if you don’t refuse it “we will make you” o They put together a serious and aggressive protest movement 1776 Parliament repealed the Stamp Tax and the American colonist believe that they are successful keeps going Passes the Declaratory Act- is political posture o Declares their authority to pass any kind of taxes they want o They are going to revise new taxes, they revise it on paper, glass and tea o The point of this new tax is to hit everybody because everyone drinks tea, everyone uses paper and need glass o They are going to use this new tax money to pay English soldiers to come over to the colonies to collect their taxes John Dickinson- member of the elite, represents that this revolution is spreading into a population of people that will never be interested in this 1767 Daughters of Liberty- organization of women that position themselves on the frontline of interfering with the empire of billing to tax o Focus on self-Suffiency o If women banded together they could decide they won’t buy anymore paper, glass or tea and they don’t buy then the tax will stop collecting o They put together a boycott 1768 Parliament repeals the tax Tea= tyranny, tea=exportation
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