Psychology100: Module 01
Psychology100: Module 01 PSYC100
Popular in Intro to Psychology
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by India Hamilton on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC100 at University of Maryland taught by Dylan Selterman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Maryland.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
PSYC100 M01: Success in Intro to PSYC 01-A • Psychology is the study of Affects, Behavior, and Cognition • Psychologists conduct basic and applied research, are consultants to communities, diagnose/ treat people, test intelligence and personality • Psychologists work with professionals in every area of society: scientists, lawyers, engineers, policymakers, computer experts, school personnel • Today’s America faces behavioral problems: disease, drug addiction, relationship problems, domestic violence, environmental problems • Sub-Fields of Psychology o Clinical - treat mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders (dealing with conflicts from childhood or schizophrenia) o Cognitive/ perceptual - study human perception, thinking, and memory (how the mind represents reality) o Community - strengthen communities and organizations ability to meet the needs of the people they serve (rather than helping someone deal with their negative circumstances, they help people change their circumstances: PREVENTION) o Counseling - help others recognize how their strengths can empower them to live through everyday issues and take action on their problems o Developmental - how the human being changes throughout different stages in life o Educational - effectiveness of teaching and learning o Engineering - research how people work with machines o Environmental - study person-environment interactions (the effect of natural and built environmental stress on human well-being) o Evolutionary - study how mutation, adaptation and selective fitness influence human behavior and chance of survival o Experimental - study our abilities to detect what’s going on around us and maintain responses to these stimuli o Forensic - apply psychology to the judicial system (is someone mentally competent enough to stand on trial, which parent deserves custody) o Health - study how biological, psychological and social factors affect health and illness (why people don’t follow medical advice, how to control pain) o Industrial/ organizational - apply psychology to the workplace in order to find ways to improve productivity and quality of work life o Neuropsychologists - study the way the brain stores memories, how diseases affect the brain in addition to assessing and treating people o Quantitative & measurement - methods and techniques to analyze psychological tests and data as well as methods for evaluating the quality of those tests o Rehabilitation - help humans adjust to their situations like strokes, mental retardation, epilepsy, autism o School - services to young children and families o Social - study how someone’s mental behavior is influenced by social interaction (interpersonal relationships and how people form attitudes towards others) o Sports - help athletes focus on goals, stay motivated and deal with anxiety and fear 01-B • I believe I have always had a “growth” mind-set of intelligence, instilled in me by my parents at a young age 01-C • People have preferences in ways they wish to be presented information (videos vs. articles) but there is not scientific evidence to support the idea that some people learn better depending on whether or not presented information fits their self- purported learning styles 01-D • Most effective studying styles are distributed practice and practice tests OR flash cards (quizlet, studyblue, flashcardmachine) • Least effective studying styles are highlighting, underlining and rereading • Basic studying styles are mental imagery, asking why as you read, self-explantation, mixing up problems, and keywords 01-E • Sleep, Nutrition and Exercise are crucial to brain capacity and competence • VB12 and folate help the nervous system function • Low saturated fats + Omega 3s, cereals and vegetables = good cognitive function • Low antioxidants = brain disorders • High fiber breakfasts = release energy slowly, good memory and visual tasks 01-F • Test anxiety is caused by fear of failure, lack of preparation and poor test history • There are physical (headache, nausea, sweating, short breath), emotional (fear, helplessness) and cognitive (negative thinking) symptoms of test anxiety • Tips include being prepared, positive, focused, healthy and going to seek help 01-G • Task orientation is when you’re motivated by progress and personal learning goals • Ego orientation is when you want to be praised for your performance and told you’re a desirable person • 4.0 ego orientation for 4.9 task orientation • Self-handicapping is when we try to protect our self-image by predicting failure 01-H • Stereotype threat is when your performance proves a negative stereotype true because you get so scared • Stereotype threat can be reduced by using language that doesn’t highlight social identities or attributes to explain the task or experiment to participants 01-I • Inatentional blindness is when you focus on one thing, you literally are blind to everything else; you can’t focus on multiple things at one time
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