Anthropology Notes Exam 2- 2/18/16
Anthropology Notes Exam 2- 2/18/16 2597
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melissa Metzgar on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2597 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Professor Ehrensal in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
Reciprocity -occurs when exchange between relatively social equals Generalized Reciprocity -parental gift giving -giving something as a gift now in return for something in the unspecified future Balanced Reciprocity -when the giver gives something now and creates the obligation to receive something specific at some point in the specified or unspecified future ex) sharing of hunters and gatherers Negative Reciprocity -you are given something in attempt to disadvantage you/lower your social status -bettering the return gift you have to give Kula Ring -generalized and balanced reciprocity -system in the Trobriand Islands that occurs between island chiefs -Kula valuables: -red shell disc arm band -white shell armbands -can only be traded for other valuables -trade depends on the physical location of the islands to one another -anything you get you eventually trade -separate form of trade -creates a system of prestige and alliances Potlatching -regional exchange practice on the northwest coast of north america -high status accumulates goods to throw a potlatch (party) like food, elaborate blankets, and coppers -negative reciprocity -invite equal or higher status people -give away the goods you acquire, and the coppers are given away as pieces not wholes -get prestige in return for the potlatch Redistribution -one high status and lower status exchange -operates when goods, services or their equivalent (money) moves from the local level to the center money→ value marker -flow eventually reverses direction from the center to the periphery -the ability to demand tribute or taxes
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