SOC 100, Week 5 notes
SOC 100, Week 5 notes SOC 100
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by luke koppa on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at Colorado State University taught by John Brouillette in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 96 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Behavioral Sciences at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
Chapter 4 Social Interaction in Everyday Life Social Status o Who am I? Various answers, all are social statuses o Social Status= a social position that a person occupies Ascribed no choice Male vs female, white vs. black, young vs. old, etc… Achieved chosen, a result of our actions Criminal, student, good guy, etc… Master status the most noticeable or definitive status Professor Brouillette= instructor Barack Obama= President Lebron James= Basketball Player We want our master status to be positive o We want our statuses to work for us, and to work for society o ExConvicts get master status of Criminals not what they want Person fits many labels o Ex: Lebrong James Black Male Gen Y millennial Father th Truant student in 4 grade Philanthropist Husband Football player Basketball player (likely master status) o Ex: Miley Cyrus White female American Actress Recording Artist (master status?) Granddaughter of Dolly Parton Southern Baptist Child Born out of Wedlock Gen Y Millennial Role o Definition= behavior expected of someone who holds a particular status o Ex: an employee at wendy’s (status) is supposed to arrive at work on time, be clean, and be polite to customers (role) Status = position in society Role= expected behavior o Can be freedoms and restrictions o Each status has different role(s) Role Strain: o Definition: occurs when incompatible demands are built into a single status that a person occupies o Ex: Student status Strain between role of getting enough sleep and role of going to class Role Conflict o Definition: Occurs when incompatible role demands are placed on a person by two or more statuses held at the same time o Ex: Father status vs. Husband status Conflict between earning $ for son (father) and spending time with wife (husband) Sociologist opinion on role/status issue o Most people focus on problems in life as an individual issue o Sociologists focus on statuses and roles as origins of issues o If we look at statuses’ impact on our lives we can take some of the strain off of ourselves o Ex: Newly elected Congress members Daily schedule consists of only 3/10 hours of possible work Rest is calling, constituent visits, strategic outreach to get $$$ Individual POV: congress doesn’t get anything done because politicians are lazy and unproductive Sociological POV: role strain of congress member makes progress much more difficult. How does one determine a deviant act? o Belief o Tradition o Law o Whatever people say is deviant IS deviant (symbolic interactionist) Opinion of people in the environment Symbolic interaction o Microlevel perspective o Society is the sum of the interactions of individuals and groups Social Construction of Reality: o Process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction The Thomas Theorem o Definition: situations that are defined as real are real in their consequences o If people say things are true, they’re true Not ultimate truth, but sociological truth o Although reality is “soft” as it is fashioned, it can become “hard” in its effects Understand other people’s reality Ethnomethodology o Definition: study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings o Reality depends on person’s perception Positive/Biological science o There is one reality that we are trying to find o See stimulus and reaction o Different from symbolic interactionist Symbolic Interactionist science o See stimulus, Interpretation, reaction o Reality is inside people’s minds “we don’t see things as they are, we see them as we are” o Anais Nin o We cannot help but see things from our own perspective Dramaturgical Analysis: o Definition: study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performances o Performances: Front stage/Back stage Public vs. private self Private self/back stage serves as practice for public self o Impression management How to present/create public self What to say, what to wear, how to act, etc… o Civil inattention Purposefully ignoring certain things Ex: not telling someone they have toilet paper stuck to their shoe due to trying to not embarrass them o Nonverbal communication facial expression, eye contact, touching Touching can be seen as a power move, sexual, no meaning All depends on context and people’s realities o Personal space o Breaking the rules How to discover what the rules are need to break them Humor o Product of reality construction o Humor provides a way to express an opinion without being serious, relieves tension o Humor often is a sign of real conflict