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Anthropology Week 3 Notes

by: Annika Coley

Anthropology Week 3 Notes ANTH 1100 350

Annika Coley
University of Memphis
GPA 3.99

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About this Document

Key words for the exam
Biol Anth & Prehistory
Dr. Barton
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annika Coley on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1100 350 at University of Memphis taught by Dr. Barton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Biol Anth & Prehistory in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Memphis.

Similar to ANTH 1100 350 at University of Memphis

Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr


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Date Created: 02/19/16
Anthropology Notes – Week 3 Key Words to know  Anthropology o Study of people, their culture, and evolutionary aspects of human biology  Biological  Cultural  Linguistic  Archaeology  Individual o A member of society  Holism o Studying a culture and population in their entirety without breaking them down to component parts  Enculturation o Process by which individuals learn the values, beliefs, and practices of other within their society  Culture o Learned aspects of human adaption  Society o A group of people that share a common cultural core  Scientific Method o An approach to research where a problem is identified, researched, analyzed, and a hypothesis is created  Evolution o Change in genetic structure of a population from one generation to the next  Species Fixity o Idea that once a species is created it doesn’t change  Hypothesis o Temporary explanation of phenomenon  Theory o A well substantiated explanation of natural phenomenon supported by testing  Homeostasis o Stability of an individual or population  Cell o Building block of human life  Nucleus o Organelle within a cell that contains DNA  RNA o blue print for cell reproduction  DNA o Double stranded molecule containing genetic information  Chromosomes o 23 sets in humans that contain our genes  Allele o Found on chromosomes that determine our trait  Genetic Drift o Changes in allele frequencies that are the result of small population size  Founder’s Effect o Small group leaves so the new colony doesn’t reflect the full diversity possible  Gene Flow o Exchange of genes between populations  Population Bottleneck o Decrease in genetic diversity  Fitness o Ability to produce fertile offspring  Genetics o Study of transmission of traits from parent to offspring  Osteology o The study of skeletal remains  Primatology o Study of biology and behavior of nonhuman primates  Taxonomy o Naming system based off of evolutionary traits  Uniformitarianism o Idea that long processes changes Earth  Theory of Catastrophism o Idea that quick catastrophic events shapes Earth  Natural Selection o Nature’s way of allowing the best equip members of a population survive to produce fertile offspring that continue on to reproduce  Genotype o Genetic makeup of an individual  Phenotype o Physical traits of an organism  Heterozygote o Having different alleles  Homozygote o Having the same allele  Mitosis o Simple cell division  Meiosis o Cell division in reproductive cells  Gamete o Sex cell


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