Anthropology Week 3 Notes
Anthropology Week 3 Notes ANTH 1100 350
University of Memphis
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annika Coley on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1100 350 at University of Memphis taught by Dr. Barton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Biol Anth & Prehistory in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Memphis.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
Anthropology Notes – Week 3 Key Words to know Anthropology o Study of people, their culture, and evolutionary aspects of human biology Biological Cultural Linguistic Archaeology Individual o A member of society Holism o Studying a culture and population in their entirety without breaking them down to component parts Enculturation o Process by which individuals learn the values, beliefs, and practices of other within their society Culture o Learned aspects of human adaption Society o A group of people that share a common cultural core Scientific Method o An approach to research where a problem is identified, researched, analyzed, and a hypothesis is created Evolution o Change in genetic structure of a population from one generation to the next Species Fixity o Idea that once a species is created it doesn’t change Hypothesis o Temporary explanation of phenomenon Theory o A well substantiated explanation of natural phenomenon supported by testing Homeostasis o Stability of an individual or population Cell o Building block of human life Nucleus o Organelle within a cell that contains DNA RNA o blue print for cell reproduction DNA o Double stranded molecule containing genetic information Chromosomes o 23 sets in humans that contain our genes Allele o Found on chromosomes that determine our trait Genetic Drift o Changes in allele frequencies that are the result of small population size Founder’s Effect o Small group leaves so the new colony doesn’t reflect the full diversity possible Gene Flow o Exchange of genes between populations Population Bottleneck o Decrease in genetic diversity Fitness o Ability to produce fertile offspring Genetics o Study of transmission of traits from parent to offspring Osteology o The study of skeletal remains Primatology o Study of biology and behavior of nonhuman primates Taxonomy o Naming system based off of evolutionary traits Uniformitarianism o Idea that long processes changes Earth Theory of Catastrophism o Idea that quick catastrophic events shapes Earth Natural Selection o Nature’s way of allowing the best equip members of a population survive to produce fertile offspring that continue on to reproduce Genotype o Genetic makeup of an individual Phenotype o Physical traits of an organism Heterozygote o Having different alleles Homozygote o Having the same allele Mitosis o Simple cell division Meiosis o Cell division in reproductive cells Gamete o Sex cell
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