HSC 160 Week 6 Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jennifer Miner on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HSC 160 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Otiam in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 67 views.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
HSC 160 WEEK 6 Sexually Transmitted Infections Symptoms Diagnosis/Treatment Complications Transmission CHAPTER 12 QUIZ Bold questions are iclicker questions 1. Jennifer touched her viral herpes sore on her lip and then touched her eye. She ended up with herpes virus in her eye. This is an example of a. AUTOINOCULATION 2. Which of the following do NOT assist the body in fighting disease a. ANTIGENS 3. An example of passive immunity: a. THE ANTIBODYCONTAINING PART OF THE VACCINE THAT CAME FROM SOMEONE ELSE 4. Which of the following is a viral disease: a. HEPATITIS 5. Because colds are always present to some degree throughout the world, they are said to be: a. ENDEMIC 6. Which of the following diseases is caused by a prion? a. MAD COW DISEASE 7. Which of the following is a true statement about HIV? a. DRUGS CAN PROVIDE LONGER SURVIVAL RATES FOR HIV 8. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an: a. INFECTION OF A WOMAN’S FALLOPIAN TUBES OR UTERUS 9. The most widespread sexually transmitted bacterium is: a. CHLAMYDIA 10. Which of the following STI’s cannot be treated with antibiotics? a. HERPES Chapter 6 Quiz Bold questions are I clicker questions 1. Which of the following is not a characteristic of addiction? ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF SELFDESTRUCTIVE BEHAVIOR 2. Aaliyah is addicted to the internet. She is so preoccupied with it that she is failing her classes. What symptom of addiction does her preoccupation characterize? NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES 3. An individual who knowingly tries to protect an addict from natural consequences of his or her destructive behavior ENABLING 4. Crosstolerance occurs when: A PERSON DEVELOPS A PHYSIOLOGICAL TOLERANCE TO ONE DRUG THAT SHOWS A SIMILAR TOLERANCE TO SELECTED OTHER DRUG AS RESULT 5. Jayden takes Prinivil, insulin, and Claritin. This is an example of: POLYDRUG USE 6. The most widely used illicit drug is: MARIJUANA 7. Which of the following is classified as a stimulant drug? AMPHETAMINES 8. Drugs that depress the central nervous system are called: DEPRESSANTS 9. The psychoactive drug mescaline is found in what plant? PEYOTE CACTUS 10. Chemical dependency “relapse” refers to: A FULL RETURN TO ADDICTIVE BEHAVIOR Chapter 12: Sexually Transmitted Infections 1. Risk for STI’s a. 20 known types of sexually transmitted infections b. Disproportionately affect women, minorities, teens, young adults, and infants c. 1524, early symptoms are often unrecognizable, leading to transmission to others and to development of complications d. High risk behaviors i. Unprotected sex e. Moderaterisk behaviors i. With condom/dental dams f. Lowrisk behaviors i. Mutual masturbation, kissing 1. Herpes can be spread by skinskin contact g. Norisk behaviors i. Abstinence 2. Moral/social stigma: a. Embarrassment and therefore negative health seeking behavior i. Casual sex: multiple sexual partners b. Ignorance about STI’s = transmission 3. Routes of transmission a. Vaginal, oralgenital contact, handgenital contact, mouthtomouth contact, and contact with fluids from bodily sores. 4. Reduce Your Risk of STI’s a. Avoid casual sex / practice safe sex b. Always use condom or dental dam c. Get partner checked/tested d. Avoid injury to body tissue during sexual activity e. Avoid drugs/alcohol f. Total abstinence 5. HIV/AIDS a . Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) i. Global health threat (pandemic) ii. The virus that causes acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) iii. Currently 35 million people worldwide infected (75 million worldwide since 1981) 1. 1 million in US b . Transmissions of HIV i. Through bodily fluids (semen, vaginal, secretions, and blood) ii. High risks behaviors 1 . Exchange of body fluids or infecting drugs/contaminated needles 2. Mothertochild (perinatal) transmission a. During pregnancy, labor and delivery, or breast feeding b. 1545% of HIV positive mothers would transmit virus to infant without treatment c . Body piercing/tattooing i. Unsterile needles can transmit staph, HIV, Hepatitis B/C, tetanus, and other diseases iii. Symptoms 1. Testing: 36 months after infections a. Retesting within 6 months 2. Takes 8months10years to see changes in immune system/ characteristics of AIDS 3. Develop opportunistic infections a. PCP, TB, meningitis, chronic diarrhea iv. Prevention: “the ABC stratedgy” 1. Abstinence, Being faithful, Condom use a. There is no current vaccination b. Antiretroviral therapy (combination therapy of drugs) 6. Chlamydia a. Similar to gonorrhea (one of the top two most common STI’s) i. Most commonly reported ii. Symptoms: 1. Painful/difficult urination, frequent urinations, discharge from penis 2. Yellowish urethral discharge in males 3. Spotting between periods and after intercourse 4. Complications/ infertility iii. Diagnosis and treatment 1. Urine sample using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 2. Treatable with antibiotics 7. Gonorrhea a. Symptoms: i. Men: white milky discharge from penis with painful burning urination 29 days after contact ii. Women: don’t experience symptoms iii. Complications: 1. Commonest cause of PID (pelvic inflammatory disease), infertility in women, stricture in men iv. Diagnosis: 1. Sample of urine or fluids from vagina or penis is stained with a dye 2. Treatable with antibiotics if detected early 8. Syphilis a. 2039 years old, particularly high among gay African americans b. Caused by bacterium called Treponema pallidum c. The organism dies when exposed to air or cold d. Direct sexual contact and mothertochild are the main modes of transmission e. Primary syphilis i. Development of painless sore, 34 weeks after infection 1. Usually not tested against due to painless nature f. Secondary Syphilis i. Skin rash, patches on skin or mucous membranes ii. Enlarged lymph nodes iii. Fever/headache iv. Appear 1 month – 1 year after painless sore disappears g. Latent Syphilis i. Occurs after the symptoms of the secondary stage ii. Bacteria is in body and causing lesions in body organs h. Tertiary/late syphilis i . Symptoms 1. Heart (aortic) aneurysm 2. Central nervous system damage 3. Blindness, deafness, premature senility, dementia ii . Complications 1. Premature births, miscarriage, still birth, blindness, deafness, disfiguration to unborn child iii . Diagnosis/ Treatment 1. Sample from chancre in primary stage followed by darkground microscopy 2. Blood test 3. Antibiotics (penicillin) in all stages except “late” 9. Herpes a. Transmission i. through sexual contact, kissing, sharing utensils b. (precursor phase): i. Burning sensation and redness at the site of infection c. (second phase): i. Fluidfilled blisters 1 . Complication a. Pregnant women can infect baby b. Risk of cervical cancer 2 . Diagnosis a. Blood test or sample from sore b. No cure, but medications exist c. Antivirals 10. HPV (human papilloma virus) a. Genital warts (venereal warts) are caused by viruses from HPV b. Over 100 types c. Transmission i. Penetrating skin or mucus membrane of anus or genitals d. Most common STI (79 million Americans) i. Signs and symptoms 1. 68 weeks after infection 2. Genital warts, bumps, or growths ii. Complication 1. Cervical cancer and threat to child during birth iii. Diagnosis 1. Visual examination 2. Vaccines starting for all females entering middle school (Gardasil) 11. Candidiasis a. Signs and Symptoms i. Yeast infection characterized by itching and burning with whitish discharge from genitals b. Occurs when body immunity is lowered i. EXAMPLE: pregnancy or HIV/AIDS c. Treatment/Diagnosis i. Antifungal drugs (clotrimazole or nystatin) 12. Trichomoniasis a. Signs and Symptoms i. Yellowish, foul smelling discharge, with burning or ithching ii. Only 1/3 of people show symptoms b. Treatment/Diagnosis i. Oral metronidazole 13. Pubic Lice a. Signs and Symptoms i. Itchiness and blue/grey skin color b. Treatment/Diagnosis i. Examination by a health care provider
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