Latino Art in the US - Week 4
Latino Art in the US - Week 4 ARTH 28700
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by sconsidine on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTH 28700 at Ithaca College taught by Professor Jennifer Jolly in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Latino Art in the US in Art History at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
February 15, 2016 Chicano Poster Movement -posters as a medium: -can be mass produced -cheap/inexpensive -bold and eye-catching colors -direct messages -extremely economical -visual communication -accessible -“art-based community making” - poster making helps to build communities -Royal Chicano Air Force creates Center for Chicano Artists in Sacramento, CA -images: -posters by Richard Favela and Jose Montoya -use skeleton ﬁgures - calaveras -go back to early Mexico in newspaper satire -saying this world might be corrupt, but in death everything is equal -ﬁgures are members of RCAF discussing art -using calaveras - represent justice/truth about world we live in -Self Help Graphics -mobile art making unit -sponsor parades/ﬂoats/community art-making activities for Day of the Dead (November 2) -images: -Rupert Garcia, ¡Cesen Deportación! (End Deportation!), 1973 -simple, elegant -use barbed wire - associated with control, especially in Southwest -Boycott Grapes -slogan associated with United Farm Workers Union -heavy pesticide use on grapes - bad for workers -Aztec warrior ﬁgure crushing grapes and they bleed -Louis “The Foot” Gonzalez, Yes on 14, 1976 -political message -better unionization for migrant workers -appropriation - taking something from one context and use it in a new context -images: -Yolanda Lopez, Who’s the Illegal Alien, Pilgrim?, 1978-1981 -appropriating Uncle Sam -changed message - we don’t want you -appropriating pilgrim -John Wayne (cowboy in classic American ﬁlm) used pilgrim to describe an interloper -Ricardo Duffy, The New Order, 1995, California Proposition, 1994 -proposition would make it more difﬁcult for you to prove citizenship for social services -George Washington - INS, death images -Marlboro Country -caution sign for families crossing the border -border control car next to cowboy -trying to say what’s at stake with INS police (modern John Wayne dependent on controlling people) and fear of immigration -Ester Hernández, Sun Mad, 1982 -support Farm Workers Union’s boycott of grapes -shows all of the bad pesticides used on workers -familiar ﬁgure turned into calaveras ﬁgure - satiric idea, also shows what happens to workers (death) -appropriation -risk to consumers in eating chemicals -postmodernism - world and our reality are created/manipulated by images produced by worlds of popular culture and high art -artists critique themselves with this idea -images: -Louis “The Foot” Gonzalez, This Is Just Another Poster, 1976 -style is very different, text-based -still has Chicano ideas: Boycott Coors, Boycott Gallo -Lalo Alcarez, Che, 1997 -Che is a very political picture usually on poster and Nike is for advertising -Che with the Nike logo on his head shows that posters and advertising have a lot in common, sometimes hard to tell the difference -be aware of lack of distinction
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