CL 113 Lecture 11 Feb 19
CL 113 Lecture 11 Feb 19 CL 113LEC
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
Lecture 11: Feb 19 Hittite Mythology Comes from Anatolian language family o All of them are extinct nd 2 millennium Anatolia= Today’s Turkey Inherited a lot from the Mesopotamian’s o Cuneiform tablets- characteristic of Mesopotamian writing Among the first people to use chariots in war Hittite Divine Family “Song of Ullikummi” Alalu is the first generation king of heaven o Challenged by his son Anu- Alalu flees into the ground/Earth Anu is the 2 ndgeneration king of heaven o Kumarbi (his son) bites off Anu’s genitals o Anu is deposed o Anu says to Kumarbi: my offspring will grow within you Kumarbi is the third generation king of heaven o His son- Teshub takes over Teshub, Tasmisu, Aranzaha o Parallel to Zeus, Poseidon, Hades Revenge of Kumarbi Kumarbi is still pissed that Teshub over threw him so he has intercourse with a giant rock o From this he produces- Ullikummi o Ullikummi is placed on the right shoulder of the giant Ubelluri reaching to the sky Ullikummi defies Ishtar’s (goddess of beauty) music o She tried to charm him but it doesn’t take any effect because he is a rock Ullikummi continues to grow and reaches the room of Teshub and Hebat o Hebat flees o Tasmisu and Teshub go to Ea (god of wisdom) Ea goes to Enlil (god of atmosphere) who figures out a secret of Ullikummi- that he is on the shoulder of the other giant o Ubelluri doesn’t know Ullikummi is on his shoulder The gods saw off Ullikummi from Ubelluri with the Copper Knife o After he is off the shoulder, they attack Ullikummi o He is defeated by the Gods Typhoeus/Typhon According to Hesiod- Typhon is a product of Gaea and the last challenger of Zeus Similarities: Ullikummi and Typhoeus Products of the Earth Enemies of the Sky Last to challenge to the sky sovereign They stand in the sea to reach the sky They are both defeated by a weapon that has to do with the separation of Sky from Earth o Ullikummi is defeated by the Copper Knife- which was used to separate the sky from the Earth o Kronos used the jagged sickle to castrate/separate Ouranos (Sky) from Gaea (Earth) Hittite Gods Most names of the Gods/Goddesses do not come from a Hittite Origin- they are inherited from other cultures o Such as Syrian, Babylonian, Luvian, and Hattian Other “Kingship-in-Heaven” Systems Iranian- documented by Ferdowsi (940-1020AD) in Shah-nameh “Book of the Kings” o At the time of his writing- he collected other stories/traditions so we don’t know if they are authentic or where they come from Norse- documented by Snorri Sturluson (1179-1241AD) in Prose Edda o Medieval Iceland
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