History 150: exam 2 material
History 150: exam 2 material 150
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
2/19/16: The First Industrial Revolution The First Industrial Revolution: continued. ***test questions*** (3) COTTON TEXTILE FACTORIES. o 1 one built in 1771 by Richard Arkwright in the countryside. He built it near the river as a valuable resource for his spinning machine. o By the 1830s more than 50 had been built in Manchester. The first industrial city. Influx of trade. Center of the cotton textile trade. o Conditions in these new workplaces. Did not pay attention to safety measures. Many people developed respiratory problems. (4) NEW WORK PATTERNS IN FACTORIES. o Preindustrial work patterns. Represents a major change in how Americans work. o Taskoriented work. Worked until you finished your task. Workers control over their time. Workers got to decide when they would work. Lead to irregular work. o The custom of Saint Monday. Preindustrial custom. Instead of going to work, they continued to go to the taverns. o Industrial work patterns. Wanted the workers to be punctual, productive and conform to the rules. o Typical workday and sample factory rules. 14.5 hours a work day. 6 days a week. Standard part of the workplace. Need to be on time. o Fined if you are late to work. o Usually would pay someone to wake them up. Time = Money. You would be dismissed form work if: o Always late to work. o Disobedient. o Drunk at work. o Talking to other people while working. o Smoking. The cotton textile industry in 1850. o In 1850: 2/19/16: The First Industrial Revolution Britain was the world’s leading producer of cotton cloth. The price of cotton cloth in Britain dropped significantly: From 11 shingles (1784) to 1 shingle (1832). o Cotton was a luxury of the rich. Cotton undergarments. The Great Exhibition of 1851 (May 1Oct.11) Event sponsored by Britain. o Held in Joseph Paxton’s ‘Crystal Palace’. 300,000 panes of glass. 4,500 tons of iron. Early prefabrication. Massive use of materials. 19 acres. Destroyed by fire. o Erected in Hyde Park, London. World’s first industrial fair. 32 nations from around the world were invited. Over 100,000 exhibits in 4 categories: Raw materials. Machinery. o Cotton textile machines as the centerpiece. Various manufactured goods. Fine arts. Machinery. o Engines of progress. o Man versus the machine: Not everyone was happy about the machines. Employed women and teenagers to run the machines. The Luddite Movement (1810s). Handloom weavers who lost their jobs to the machines. Broke into factories and too rage against the machines.
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