AHI 1B Week 7 Lecture Notes
AHI 1B Week 7 Lecture Notes AHI 1B
Popular in Medieval and Renaissance Art
Popular in Art History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Dillard on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHI 1B at University of California - Davis taught by Dr. Ch'ien in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Medieval and Renaissance Art in Art History at University of California - Davis.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
2/18/16 Themes: New technology—what does it make possible, what kinds of representation do we gain/lose? Illusionism in images Prayer meditation Limbourg Brothers, Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry, 1413-1416 • took a lot of money to make—extraordinarily expensive • 12 pages of a book of hours—selection of prayers and readings that are organized for the reader to keep up with prayer and meditation • manuscript illuminations for each month that show the general labors of that month • the perspective allows the Duke to see down on the people from a position of power all of the detail can be noticed because it is a prayer book that can be held and analyzed at • home • February • farm people relax before a fire • a woman lifts her skirt to get more direct heat • they seem content • there are bee hives covered in snow • the sheep and people all behave nicely, makes the sheep and people equal • October • the peasants are outside in the fields • a man is disinterested in sewing, another man is on a horse plowing the field • the people don't seem to have emotions—they are pieces of the landscape • September • harvest of the grapes • big separation from the poor people and the castle behind them • August • people are taking off their clothes and going swimming in the background Hours of Mary of Burgundy, 1480 • people do not add their own things to prayer—everything is recited at this time period…no personal relationship • Mary of Burgundy has a giant gold necklace and a velvet dress, and is sitting on a velvet cushion with a little dog on her lap • she hold a book of hours with cloth to keep it clean • the window opens on a scene in the church where the Virgin Mary sits with Christ on her lap • idea: through prayer, heaven can be achieved, in the form of the Church (as a building and an institution) • there is a focus on the pristine in the books of hours that make the paintings like a treasury hunt Jan van Eyck, TheAnnunciation, 1434-1436 • Angel Gabriel appears to Mary and tells her she will give birth to Christ • oil painting with glaze and gesso—makes detail possible because it dries slowly, also makes it shinier, and brush strokes don't show at all • wealthy church—intarsia floor with narrative stories in each panel • God in the window above, 3 windows that frame May’s head • the dove of the Holy Spirit is flying in from the window to Mary’s ear • narrative scene, but the painting is also asking the viewer what theAnnunciation means thematically through the inclusion of very small details FraAngelico,Annunciation, San Marco, Florence, Italy, 1438-1447 • fresco allows volume • the angel’s wings have detail but everything else is plain Hubert and Jan van Eyck, GhentAltarpiece, completed 1432 • originally was in a very elaborate frame • Hubert began it and Jan van Eyck finished it • made of 12 panels • called a polyptych • unified but has separate sections • Isabel Borluut and Jodocus Vyd are praying facing Saints and wear clothes of different color and texture, the Saints are illusionistic stone sculpture • grisaille—menas gray painting • the folds of the Saint’s drapery are stiffer and matches the tracery (stone that looks like lace— very gothic)—Jan is playing with the boundaries of paint… he is mimicking sculpture • theme of salvation on the interior and exterior • on the inside God the Father sits on the throne in the center • there is a landscape scene with a lamb being sacrificed (Christ was sacrificed for sin) • the people are surrounding a fountain that is shaped like a baptistry • The people are shown with precise detail, each strand of hair is depicted • Adam and Eve’s nakedness is in contrasted to the scene and looks vulnerable and subject to decay, andAdam’s lifted toes show that he would go forward but his shame keeps him there • God the father is wearing the triple tiara (which is covered in jewels in district patterns and designs) that the pope wears—each jewel has light reflection and shadow in precise locations • Jan used meticulous detail and extreme dedication to illusion in his paintings Jan van Eyck, GiovanniArnolfini and His Wife (Arnolfini Wedding), 1434 • man, woman, dog, window, bed • a convex mirror hangs on the wall and shows the reflections of Giovanni, Giovanna, the painter, and 2 witnesses • the mirror is a luxury object but is also a symbol of the all seeing eye of God, and it is before God that oaths are sworn—the painter in the mirror has become the all seeing eye of God • he signed the wall “Jan van Eyck was here” • Giovanni and GiovannaArnolfini wear very expensive clothing • each strand of fur on the dog is visible, the dog has a tear line • documentary quality painting which matters because it is a legal scene • there is a singe candle in the chandelier—symbol of Christ’s presence Jan van Eyck, Man in a Red Turban, 1433 • believed to be Jan’s self portrait • wears a giant red turban • original frame reads “the best that I can do”—humble brag • unflattering portrait—doesn’t portray himself as a handsome man Rogier van der Weyden, Saint Luke Drawing the Virgin, 1435-1440 • St. Luke is thought to be the first painter they are dressed in 15th century clothes with a 15th century town outside the window • • St. Luke is using silver point—allows no mistakes, requires a lot of pressure • the painter glorifies the act of painting • “important theme: what is real and what is sacred” Robert Campin, MérodeAltarpiece, 1425-1428 • angel Gabriel and Virgin Mary look like they are in a contemporary house • copper pot and lilies on the table are symbols of the Virgin’s purity • all the symbols were clear to the 15th century people • images of the divine are manifested in ordinary homes
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