CRJU (1) Basic Terms & Definitions
CRJU (1) Basic Terms & Definitions crju110
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristen Pruett on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to crju110 at University of Delaware taught by Parker, Karen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see INTRO TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE in Criminal Justice at University of Delaware.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
Basic Terms and Definitions Criminology: the study of crime (its nature, extent, and cause) nature violent crimes like murder, rape, robbery petty crimes like drugs, theft, drinking, gambling extent increase, decrease in certain crimes larceny is the most common crime 1. theoretical approach 2. interdisciplinary approach 3. scientific approach Criminal Justice Criminal Justice System (CJS) formal process established to apprehend adjudicate, sanction, and treat criminal offers the main agencies and components responsible to enforce criminal law police, courts, and correction Criminal Justice: the study of CJS agencies (describe, analyze, explain,and evaluate) Deviance: the study of behavior that departs from social norms may or may not be criminal (illegal acts) norm violation statistical (average) reactionist power/conflict Law and Society How do we define law? What law does: provides rules of conduct; body of rules sets out punishment for violations protects the welfare of society example: criminal vs. civil laws law binds all of us What is “law and society”? theoretical analysis concerning logical institutions and processes studies the impact of law and society identifies social, political, and intellectual influences on law and legal activity theoretical interdisciplinary scientific Social Control Social Control to ensure conforming behavior bring social control (law abiding behavior) in others two levels of social control 1. Informal Social Control: unofficial, nonorganizational, often facetoface avenues to ensure conforming behavior ex. parent scolding kids for screaming in church ridicule, rumors, gestures, etc. 2. Formal Social Control: offical, often organizational avenues to ensure conforming behavior ex. doing well in school = Dean’s List ex. doing bad = academic probation prison term, expulsion from school, etc Three mechanisms of social control 1. Norms: expectations of conduct in a given situation guide behavior in everyday situations ex. classroom behavior, traffic and driving behavior, noncriminal/violent behavior 2. Sanction: reactions or responses to behavior/actions two types 1. negative reactions that punish for non conforming behavior 2. positive reactions tat reward for conforming behavior ex. give pet a treat for being good award, gold star, pat on back 3. Laws: criminal laws to protect us from violations of criminal statutes and rules civil law to protect us from non criminal personal and people violations Mechanisms can work together, such as: formal social control can apply positive sanctions ex. schools high achieving students awards and recognition, employers give employees bonuses informal social control can apply negative sanctions ex. one friend starts a negative rumor about another, a cheating spouse gets shunned by relatives
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