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by: Savannah Webb
Savannah Webb

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Psych notes, 2-19-16
General Psychology -
Alexander Malik Khaddouma
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in General Psychology -

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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Webb on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 110 - 008 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Alexander Malik Khaddouma in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see General Psychology - in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 02/19/16
Psychology  2/19/16 Memory  The retention of information over time   Not passively reproduced   Memory Illusion ­ False but subjectively compelling memory  3 Systems of memory   3 memory systems model: ­ Sensory memory  ­ Short­term memory ­ Long­term memory Sensory Memory   Perceptual information before it is passed on to short­ term memory  Only briefly stored   Consist of: ­ Iconic   *things you see ­ Echoic *things you hear *last longer than iconic memory Short­term memory  Retains information for limited durations  Reasons that memories don’t stick: ­ Decay  *fading of information over time ­ Interference       *loss of information because of competition from additional incoming information       *mostly responsible for loss of information, more so than decay  Retroactive Interference  ­ New information interferes with old information *e.g. learning a new language interferes with your vocabulary for your native  language  Proactive Interference  ­ Old information interferes with new information *e.g. taking an old pathway home even though roads have changed  Human have an average short­term memory capacity of about 7 (plus or minus two) ­ Applies broadly to different kinds of information  *e.g. names, digits, letters, etc. ­ Reason that phone numbers are 7 digits long Maintaining short­term memory  Chunking  ­(865)­777­7777  Rehearsal  ­ Maintenance  *simply repeating items in their original form ­ Elaborative        *linking items together in a meaningful way ­e.g. coming up with silly stories using words to be remembered  Levels of Processing ­ i.e. assigning meaning to information  Primacy and Recency effects ­ Items at beginning and ends of lists are most remembered


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