2-19-16 PSYC 110 - 008
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Webb on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 110 - 008 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Alexander Malik Khaddouma in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see General Psychology - in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
Psychology 2/19/16 Memory The retention of information over time Not passively reproduced Memory Illusion False but subjectively compelling memory 3 Systems of memory 3 memory systems model: Sensory memory Shortterm memory Longterm memory Sensory Memory Perceptual information before it is passed on to short term memory Only briefly stored Consist of: Iconic *things you see Echoic *things you hear *last longer than iconic memory Shortterm memory Retains information for limited durations Reasons that memories don’t stick: Decay *fading of information over time Interference *loss of information because of competition from additional incoming information *mostly responsible for loss of information, more so than decay Retroactive Interference New information interferes with old information *e.g. learning a new language interferes with your vocabulary for your native language Proactive Interference Old information interferes with new information *e.g. taking an old pathway home even though roads have changed Human have an average shortterm memory capacity of about 7 (plus or minus two) Applies broadly to different kinds of information *e.g. names, digits, letters, etc. Reason that phone numbers are 7 digits long Maintaining shortterm memory Chunking (865)7777777 Rehearsal Maintenance *simply repeating items in their original form Elaborative *linking items together in a meaningful way e.g. coming up with silly stories using words to be remembered Levels of Processing i.e. assigning meaning to information Primacy and Recency effects Items at beginning and ends of lists are most remembered
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