History of Musicals
History of Musicals
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Popular in Theatre
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Date Created: 03/31/14
Lecture 2 January 9 2014 0 Quizzes are open note and book but not open computer 0 Assignments o Quiz 1 ThursdayJanuary 16 I Miller Chapter 1 I Review by Rich I 57 questions I Can bring all materials I Demonstrate that you39ve done the reading o Paper 1 due January 23 I Prompt announced next Tuesday I 9001000 words I Response to Wolf39s Manifesto with options to apply one of the 11 rules or apply her guidelines at end of article to analyze a song and or dance piece 0 Stacy Wolf o Musical theater is not only worth studying but a means of study in other courses as well o Broadway musical theater fosters a richly multivalent multidisciplinary approach to US history o Ideas for teaching musical theater just a few from article 1 Read a libretto as a play Treat lyrics like a poem Compare productions Start wherever you want Invite quests to lecture 6 Don39t only teach musicals in their own course 0 The live emphasis is huge in musical theater even more than theater itself 0 Savran points to o Musical theater39s middlebrow status I Kind of high art bc borrows techniques from them but regarded as low art o Its blatant commercialism I Disney owns Lion King Universal Studios owns Wicked I Books and movies turned into musicals o Lack of extant existing stable evidence for study and analysis I Theater doesn39t survive very well I Recordings are not the actual show All the energy is attempted to be held on to but itjust can39t be o Do we live in a world where high art is more important than pop culture or no 0 Princess Musicals o 19151918 Small theater known as the Princess Theater 299 seats Biggest hit Oh Boy 1917 Jerome Kern and Guy Bolton Can trace the beginning of musical theater Lively energetic shows with small cast Kern interpolates songs into others musicals Uquot39gtS quot OOOOOO I nterpoatesto bring into existence by calling out I Writing songs and pretending they are a part of the original package Kern brought in new songs to older shows and passed it off as they were always there Ragtime o Addresses the immigrant experience I Looks at three groups upper class whites in New Rochelle African Americans and Jewish o A sight for everything I division o Questions of identity commerce Ziegfeld Follies Florenz Ziegfeld o Novelty acts sketches songs dancing The American extravaganza Aesthetically very pleasing Glorifying the American girl The Follies the dancing girls in his shows Ziegfeld established himself as the producer I Began a new sound a new performance 0 Fanny Brice I Not traditionally the Ziegfeld beauty I Not a part of the Follies did her own acts was the main attraction I Singer dancer entertainer could do anything I Jewish Made Jewish jokes but was one she felt that her people could therefore identify with her I Could do tragic drama and turn around and do physical comedy Extremely talented o Bert Williams I Black comedian began in minstrel shows I Very few ever made it to the Broadway stage I The Cake Walk dance I Starred in the first musical performed by blacks on Broadway I A fool that speaks with the voice of a wise man I Made them laugh but made them think I Felt limited in his career could only do comedy because that was the only socially acceptable act only thing palatable to audiences at that time I Wore minstrel makeup A requirement for establishing that image A sense of detachment from that character for the actor even black actors Minstrel does not exclusively mean black face performing there were other traditions acrobatics for example OOOOO Lecture 14 Quiz 0 Concept musical more about the theme than conflict driven o Theme drives plot instead of relationships o Introduce an idea 0 Decade where female lead character intro followed by parallel song with leading male 1950s Notes 0 Legacy of West Side Story o Placement between musical and ballet o Actors perform their own dances no quotdream sequences performed by a double I Have to be actors singers and dancers triple threat Impressionism as a designconcept alternative to realism Suggests a musical can successfully take many styles I Other shows had done this before but West Side Story did it the best o Blend of popular forms of entertainment minstrel vaudeville spectacle burlesque and elite forms drama opera ballet o First Broadway musical mounted in many places for example it was extremely successful in Israel 0 During first year there were 142 cast changes every performer changed about 3 times 0 Costumes constantly replaced because of intense dancing and choreography demands 0 How did West Side Story become so important o How it plays out in projections of quotother o Split between emerging rock musical and traditional musical o Tension between modernisttraditional paths within classical music o Gendering of ethnicity and musical styles I quotI Feel Pretty o Issues of borrowingpastiche within original music o Importance of reception history 0 Initially to be a play called East Side Story in 1949 o Romance between Irish Catholic and Jew 0 Problematic recasting of Puerto Ricans as criminal men and fiery women o Exotic sexualized violent dangerous o Exaggerated use of facial makeup accents Lecture 4 Topics Vaudeville Minstrelsy 0 Vaudeville O OOOOOOOO O 1840s1930s Popular AMERICAN entertainment form Excerpts from serious films literature monologues plays Political satire Exaggerated characters Popular musical acts Physical performers Dancers singers Did film kill Vaudeville I Evidence doesn t point to this conclusion Theatrical forms I Playing to the audience like Cohan I Breaking the fourth wall I Interactive I Contrasted with dramatic theater Audience dynamics I Some managers were very skeptical of audience interaction 0 Wanted more refined crowds who had more money to spend 0 Didn39t want to encourage a rowdy heckling crowd that would discourage finer patrons I Some theaters were mixed but segregated audiences some were white only some attracted businessmen after work Relied on pace it was fast and if people didn t like one act it would move onto the next quickly I Predecessor to musical theater I If you don t like this wait a few minutes Uniquely American and yet global appeal Roots can be found in I Commedia de arte 1500s1700s I Burlesque but really reaches heyday in 1920s 1940s 0 Not family friendly like vaudeville I Minstrelsy 0 Both a source of inspiration and an element of vaudeville 0 PBS definition A declining 19 century performance style in which both white and black performers sang danced and joked in quotbackface extremely derogatory to the image of African Americans PBS Video I Each performance had 5 10 20 acts I Highly personal interaction with audience I Appealed to the working class O I Television and radio stole audiences away I People finally had leisure time and spare change to spend on entertainment I The Palace in NY was the best vaudeville theater I British pantos was vaudeville predecessor I Too many singers and dancers at the end of vaudeville not enough novelty acts 0 Got too repetitive 0 This is what finally killed vaudeville o Didn39t do anything new I Vaudeville actors began performing between film screenings in theaters I Movies were bad to vaudeville but radio was worse because radio was free and people stayed home American Musical Video narrated by Julie Andrews I Al Jolson 0 Jewish 0 There s another side of black face o Helped Jolson liberate himself o Less vulnerable because he could hide behind the mask Really must be skeptical that the movie claims that black face wasn39t meant to be belittling I Places all the responsibility on time and not the people actually doing it in that time I Basically the defense of everyone else was doing it it made the actors feels more comfortable etc Lecture 8 0 Ethel Waters Born out of rape OOOO Came into a violent world Singing was her escape Had tremendous racial pride Couldn39t read music She sang the quotlittle tris she felt inside herself o Hired by Irving Berlin and Moss Hart for a Broadway Review 0 Cole Porter Supper Time 0 Brought seriousness into a musical comedy 0 Told the whole tragedy of the African American race 0 About a woman having to make dinner after her husband has been lynched o Anything Goes 1934 Music and lyrics by Cole Porter Initially written by Guy Bolton Initially titled Hard To Get then Bon Voyage Was at first about a bomb scare on ship but an actual even of shipwreck that killed 132 people made the story no longer appropriate so needed to be rewritten Redone by Lindsay and Crouse You39re the Top 0 quotI39m the bottom you39re the top 0 Tried to uplift people from depression o Fred Astaire Perfect performer to perform Cole Porter39s stuff Became famous with Ginger Rogers o Ethel Merman Over the top larger than life Defines a non operatic non head voice a chest voice belting Changed how women sang in musicals Had a voice like a trumpet Good humor on the stage Scottish German descent Never took voice lessons Worked during the day as secretary and sang at night Discovered by Gershwins o Porter invented the quotlist song I Ingeniously rhymed catalogues of items that may have no particular connection to one another other than their rhymes I Not always clear in these songs whose being showcased the song or the songwriter o Relatively open gay man 0 The Cradle Will Rock 1937 o Leftist liberal especially for the 1930s o Stemming from Works Progress Administration I Extension of Federal Theatre Project 0 Hallie Flanagan in charge of the FTP o Wants to create an innovative national theater that would speak to ordinary Americans o quotthe theater when its good is always dangerous o quotnot a play set to music nor music illustrated by actors but music and play equaling something new and better than either Flanagan o Opening night was cancelled for quotbudget reasons but actually for political reasons I Production was blocked from all other venues for union reasons I Producer Orson Welles decided if they couldn39t perform on stage they would perform from the quothouse anywhere else in the theater 0 Actors would step out of the audience and perform o Film version with Tim Robbins Cradle Will Rock 0 Pins and Needles 0 Ella Fitzgerald 19171996 o Give it Back to the Indians I Richard Rodgers amp Lorenz Hart 0 This is the Army o Berlin39s oh howl hate to get up in the morning QUIZ On Miller chapter 3 anything goes reviews PAPER Paper 2 due February 11 Lecture 7 Show Boat 1927 I Called a musical comedy but how comedic it is is questionable I Never had an official script or score o Always changing o Majority created between 19451965 I Rogers and Hammerstein revival in 1946 I Challenged white audiences by writing a mixed cast musicaAfrican Americans played three dimensional sympathetic characters I One musical of the 1920s that qualifies as serious entertainment entertainment with a mission I Has been remade into 3 films I Jerome Kern first started on the music with Hammerstein o Brought them to Ziegfeld o Ziegfeld said you couldn39t do this musical with all the sadness but Kern and Hammerstein wanted to stay true to the story was a book firstBroadway book musical I This was a composers idea of a great story being put into song not a producers idea for a big hit I Old Man River o I There was absolute silence at the end of the musical and no curtain calls o Ziegfeld convinced it had been a failure until the reviews came out the next day which were outstanding I Condenses a sprawling book o Author Edna Ferber did not want it to be turned into a fluffy musical she took some convincing I Hammerstein sought the thematic scope and narrative authority of legitimate theater not typically found in the popular musical I There had been mixed casts before but none had done it so well as Show Boat o It took all of styles that had preceded it and brought them together I Show Boats couples o Primary Magnolia and Ravena I WASP ideal of romantic love leading to marriage and children o Secondary couple JulieSteve or JulieBill I Mixed race I Make Believe o Magnolia and Gayord s love song o Haven39t actually really met just upon first sight I Can t Help Lovin that Man of Mine o AABA stanza A is repeated twice and a second time after B o Refrain repeated o Trivial form commonplace found everywhere o In the middle of the song the African American cook comments that its funny that a white woman would know that song I Songs play out with their own notion of time and yet they don t contradict the actual time that the plot is taking place in might be twenty years in plot time but 4 minutes in musical time I Till the Clouds Roll By o Judy Garland 0 Pregnant with Liza Minnelli o About the opening of Show Boat o Lecture 10 0 The Talented Mr Ripley o Matt Damon sings quotMy Funny Valentine by Rogers and Hart 0 Paper 2 o Address the whole film and whole musical but hone in on one song 0 Porgy and Bess o George Gershwin o 1935 o Folk opera based on DuBose Heyward39s novel Porgy o Heyward was working on a play that came out in 1927 I Gershwin invited by the Met to do an Opera 0 Wanted to do The Dybbuk but the music was owned by an Italian composer I At first Heyward didn t want to do it wanted to do the play more Atkinson review says better than just the play Porgy Downes writes at first that it was an opera then Broadway then operetta but then apologizes 10 days later admitting that it really is an opera Financial failure took until the 1970s to achieve successful status Entirely African American cast Tangles with racism Anne Brown played Bess in original production quotSummertime song Cherly Crawford redid in 1942 cuts the n word cuts some parts of the songs that critics OOOOOO thought were unnecessary o 1952 production Maya Angelou in a minor dance role William Warfield and Leontyne Prince 0 What is Gershwin o Is he jazz ragtime Broadway opera 0 Suzan Lori Parks and Porgy and Bess o Her plays are quotoperas without singing I quotthe people are singing Gershwin estate came to Parks wanting a new version Controversy Stephen Sondheim was against it and wrote angry letter to NY Times but they went ahead with it and Sondheim conceded that the lead actors were perfect for the roles o Some of the lyrics changed and some dialogue added o Norm Lewis played Porgy has much more of a musical voice less opera o Audra McDonald is Bess 0 Rouben Mamoulian Lecture 9 Quiz II answers to remember 0 Gilbert and Sullivan originated the list song 0 Cole Porter wrote his own music and lyrics Email from Todd Decker 0 Wanted to find the moment when writers quotdiscovered that race was important in Show Boat 0 Notes It took a long time for that to come around 0 Anything Goes 1934 O O 0 First scrip was rejected Pretty fluffy script Freedly Lindsay Crouse and Porter all want to produce a comic hit to provide dramatic and musical opportunities to suit their outstanding preassembled cast The whole point of the show was to really show case these performers I These actors were perfect for these roles they were written for them Brook Atkinson on Ethel Merman I Merman sang in her own style this style became so pervasive become a trademark of musical theater I Idolizes the humor and worships Merman 0 Anything Goes film 1954 O 0 Frank Sinatra Ethel Merman Bert Lahr The camera doesn t really know how to film a musical performance doesn t know who to film and when what angle to take etc The matchup of Sinatra and Merman is perhaps a little odd bc they are doing two different styles of singing and acting I Sinatra is a film star I Merman is a stage star 0 Patti Lu pone OOOO O In the 1984 revival of Anything Goes Blow Gabriel Blow She calls herself an actress who sings before she calls herself a singer Magnetic Julliard trained Broadway legendary stuff 0 Sutton Foster 0 quotwho needs a brass section when you have Sutton Foster o Started as understudy for Sandy in Grease o She did Anything Goes on Broadway in 2011 0 Richard Rogers and Lorenz Hart o Hart did the lyrics o Rogers did the music 0 Did something very different than what Rogers did with Hammerstein I With Hart it was cynical and sarcastic I Hammerstein was very sincere o Hart is made out as a Tragic Hero o quotMy Funny Valentine by Ella Fitzgerald I Originally from the 1937 musical Babes in Arms I Interpolated into the film version of Pal Joey I Clearly suggests that heterosexual romance is a joke jealous of heterosexual love jealous of Rogers I The lyrics and the music don t match sweet lyrics sad melody I The song in The Talented Mr Ripley O o Hart died almost immediately after Rogers decides to collaborate with Hammerstein I Did Hart love Rogers 0 Pal Joey on screen 1957 Columbia wanted Rita Hayworth to play Linda opposite Gene Kelly Vivienne Segal was supposed to play Vera MGM woudn t loan Gene Kelly Once it was finally produced it was Rita Hayworth Frank Sinatra and Kim Novak o Changed setting from Chicago to SF 0 Elaine Stritch o Wins a Tony for a musical she wrote about herself OOOO o quotZip from Pal Joey I Jumping in and out of character I Telling her life story through the roles that she has originated o Known for being quite cantankerous 0 quotZip reconfigured as quotTweet by Jane Krakowski Paper2 Lecture 12 The Legacy of Rodgers amp Hammerstein 1 The productions in their totality Hammerstein s purposeful intentions musicals should be relevant and meaningful characters come before the issues 3 Embedding important social issues into a commercially viable musica mode for the future 0 On the Town o Women actually have power have command demanding sexually forward 0 Carousel o Oklahoma gave RampH confidence to do things typically not done in musical theater 0 Annie Get Your Gun o Irving Berlin wrote songs o Produced by RampH 0 Kiss Me Kate o Music by Cole Porter o Produced by RampH o Opening line for one of the characters was quotyou Bastard which was blasphemous 0 South Pacific o Mary Martin to play main character nurse who falls in love with plantation owner o Produced a lot of backlash especially over song quotYou39ve Got to be Taught which is about being taught racism not that it is a natural feeling Interracial matters is really the main focus Challenged America to rethink deep seeded racial bigotry I Won Pulitzer Prize 1925 performances Source Tales of the South Pacific collection of short stories The threat in this musical is not an outsider it is rather the internal racial bias At first no tension between Emile and Nellie both white just an age difference I The issue becomes his mixed race children I The musical softens the blow of Neie s contempt for the children o Juanita Hall plays Bloody Mary OOOO Remember o The Boys from Syracuse by Rogers and Hart first musical based on Shakespeare in 1938 o Balenshene was the choreographer 0 Guys and Dolls o quotLuck Be a Lady 0 Ed Sullivan was ultimate show case for any Broadway show O O O RampH were the first people on his broadcast An appearance on his show could turn a flop into a hit Was even written into one of the songs in Bye Bye Birdie 0 My Fair Lady 0 0 Julie Andrews and Rex Harrison Julie Andrews tried out for RampH and the told her that if she didn t do My Fair Lady they wanted her but that it was a better decision for her to do My Fair Lady 0 The Sound of Music 1959 OOOOO 1433 performances RampH s last show Libretto not Hammerstein s Lindsay and Crouse wrote the script Set right after German Anschluss in 1938 No mention of Nazi persecution ofJews and other minorities Personal catharsis for Hammerstein Jewish I Need to respond to the Nazi atrocities Hammerstein diagnosed with cancer during rehearsals I Showcased Hammerstein s sense of hope Audiences loved it Edelweiss is last song RampH wrote together Written because needed something to wrap up the score Lecture 13 0 The King and I OOOO 1951 Conflict between feisty Welsh teacher and rigid king of Siam Takes place in early 1860s Rogers amp Hammerstein Advocacy of tolerance across cultures I Tolerance is problematic because it implies putting up with something rather than understanding and appreciation Gertrude Lawrence as Anna and Yul Brynner as King Brynner reprises role in film Directed by John John Van Druten choreographed by Jerome Robbins Jerome Robbins was ousted from the film although he trained the actors did the choreography and helped produce Source materiabased on a book about a true story King insists that Anna is his servant not his employee as she thinks quotWestern People Funny could be viewed as a great critique I Foreign nature of another culture I Anna and Louis are appalled by Siamese customs I King is appalled by Anna and Western culture female disobedience I Any critique about prejudice is sort of diminished by the ending which seems to imply that the western culture wins The number which everyone raved about was quotThe Small House of Uncle Thomas I Asian representation of Uncle Tom s Cabin I Tuptim slave given to the King wants to be free to be with her lover like Eliza in the play being put on story she is narrating 0 Play within a play 0 Flower Drum Song 1958 O O O 0 Chinese and Chinese American characters Tolerance among generations and ethnicities A double love story I Everyone ends up with their right match I Mai order bride In the wake of the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act repealed in 1943 but restrictions not really lifted until 1952 The transformation from the book to the stage to the film reflects social expansion on Asian Americans in US at this time quotChop Suey 0 West Side Story 0 Neither ballet nor traditional musical comedy dance I All together new kind of dance I You see action and fighting through dance I Marriage of dance movement and storytelling that was completely new I Someone could direct and choreograph a musical Jerome Robbins Agnes DeMie did it first Leonard Bernstein music and Jerome Robbins Ethel Merman Jerome Robbins scared everybody Robins and Sondheim collaboration Lecture 11 0 The producer39s perspective Disney o Disney normally does an out of town run before going to Broadway o They tend to go somewhere a little less obvious somewhere not known as a Broadway launching pad Things are cheaper out of NY More supportive excitement about a possible Broadway musical starting in a smaller theater 0 The producer o Everyone answers to the producer o In charge of the business side o Ken Davenport I Broadway producer since 1990s I Won Tony in 2013 for Kinky Boots I Won Drama Desk Award 2012 for Chinglish I Revival of Godspell 20112012 0 Opened up investment for 100 a share o Really low typically investments are 50000 o Merged artistic and business model the show is about a community coming together o More people invested in the success of the show really going to try to get people excited 0 The Golden Age of the Broadway Musical o In the 1950s most musicals were book musicals story followed heterosexual romance through to marriage projected a faraway place but touched on issues of the present o Oklahoma I Hammerstein had retreated to his farm to try to write a new hit 0 Kind of considered a has been I Rogers called Hammerstein and wanted to work with him on a cowboy musical 0 Hart was ill and depressed and unfit for work I Attempts to explore relationships the way a play does which was not done until this point I This is where musical comedies just became musicals taken more seriously I Hammerstein favored sincerity over cynicism whereas Hart was more satirical I Hammerstein wrote the lyrics and dialogue I Hammerstein made the music follow the story not the other way around like traditional musicals 0 Not about creating popular songs about telling a story I Changed the role of dance in a musical 0 Dance could do more than entertain 0 Agnes de Mille was the choreographer for the film version with Rogers and Hammerstein 0 The Dream Ballet aka Laurey Makes Up Her Mind Let in soldiers for free at first and they had extremely positive response to it symbolized home and what they were going to die for Not about chorus girls the opening is a woman churning butter not the traditional musical Agnes de Mille 0 UCLA grad 0 Wanted to be an actress 0 Told she didn t have the looks to be an actress but she did have the talent to be a performer The Dream Ballet 0 It is now expected that you can dance sing and act as a musical theater performer but at this time that was not the case 0 Laurey is deciding between two guys 0 Seems to clearly prefer Curly over Jud o When she is with Curly the music is light the movements are elegant they are going to get married o When she is with Jud she is in a brothel type of environment reds and lots of scandalously clad women men gambling I She is running away from Jud o Finally rescued by Curly 0 Could not be possibly used in any other musical so unique 0k is also about murder attempted rape 0 Jud scares Laurey but also there is something about his dangerous side that attracts her 0 Jud collects pornography Possibly about responsibility to the community 0 Acceptance and encouragement by townspeople for her to marry a particular man This idea of an outsider coming in seen as a threat affects the community and then leaves has become a central theme of musical theater No big names not a star vehicle not using stars to attract audience 0 Trying to speak to the average American about midde America Terry Helburn came up with the idea to make into a musical from the play version 0 Terry was manager of the Theater Guild Ok Looks a lot like its film version The show ends on a happy note for Laurey and Curly who end up getting married Hammerstein said he would have liked to change the opening of the musical have cowgirls dancing etc Mamoulian was a magician 0 Told the actors they had to feel the land see the corn feel the wind that they were supposed to be acting in etc London film revival 1999 0 Directed by Trevor Nunn 0 Hugh Jackman as Curly Lecture 17 Stephen Sondheim Assassins 0 Everybody s got the right to their dreams 0 Sondheim s uncanny ability to make us identity through music and lyrics even with those characters we don t agree with Sweeney Todd 0 Sondheim has blatant disregard for what the audience wants to see and shapes what they then want to see with his work 0 Brings the underbelly of the world into the light instead of hiding it like normal musicals do 0 Allows people to identify with murder and cannibalism Follies 0 A voyage through song speaks to previous genres lament to the previous musical form 0 Ghosts of the former performers younger versions of the women Paper 3 0 Please select one of the following 0 If setting a musical in another time period how would that time period and the current time inform the composition and reception of the work How will the time periods generate particular interpretations of performance 39 What is the story how is it in uenced by the times Is it an original story Dramatic action Would it be successful based on previous shows we ve studied 0 Select Sarah Schulman s chapter on Rent OR Esther Kim Lee s chapter on Miss Saigon OR Brater s article on Shrek 39 What is at stake in the controversy explored in this writing 39 Etc etc etc see prompt online The 1960s Musicals and Performers 0 Carol Channing Mad desire to give the audience what they wanted Not a prima Dona Great pride in how many performances she has done Hello Dolly I People came to see Hello Dolly to see her OOO o Says her son took a backseat to her acting I Says it s not right it was very selfish Her husband was her manager was cold controlled her No one ever said anything mean about her she was one of the sweetest most pleasurable performers to work with o In the middle of the show she was taking care of one of the cast members who was sick with ADs o Had competition with Yul Brenner about who performed more I Promised not to tell anyone that she had performed more and she kept the secret until after he died o She was larger than life o There is only one real Dolly Carol Channing 0 Hello Dolly o Reviews out of town weren t very good o Nostalgic show o Mary Martin took the show overseas to Vietnam and Japan I Wanted to put a positive face on America with Vietnam War and college uprisings and feminism o Mame and Hello Dolly have no fat on them they are driven o The film version was a big failure when it came out I Lost the heart of the stage performance I The movie didn t allow for intimate moments that made the stage versions so amazing 0 Mame o Angela Lansbury o Story Mame s brother dies and he leaves his son to Mame who before was a socialite 0 Angela Lansbury o Dear World I Didn39t quite work I Tried to combine too many things that just didn t mesh I The title song was a mistake because it didn t belong in that musical but the composter Jerry Herman let them do it anyone even though he knew it didn t fit 0 Fiddler on the Roof o Zero Mostel I Wonderful but he was so unpredictable never did it the same way twice which is why they didn t want him for the film but this personality shines on stage almost necessary o The Bottle Dance number I Religious dance not Broadway style choreography March 1 8pm March 2 2pm and 7pm Sondheim show quotAssassins playing at UCLA for free Lecture 18 The megamusicaproducers wanted every audience to see the exact same performance rejection of spontaneity and unpredictability of live theater Dreamgirls 1981 Most expensive musical of its time Michael Bennett choreographerdirector Surveys black music from 1960s 1980s Very cinematic closeups reverses split screens Too much music to be captured on one album Little Shop of Horrors Le Cage Jerry Herman musiclyrics Gay characters but reserved for commercial viability First time two men sang a love song to each other on stage Could have been more impactful if weren t afraid to be too out there but with ADs scare too controversial Sunday in the Park with George Categorized as off Broadway because of its avantgarde quality 0 But show was transferred to Broadway even before the second act was finalized Director Terry Hughes Tried to breathe life into the Seurat painting that no one knows is about Composer Stephen Sondheim How art is created The Lion King Rent How do you take cinematic elements and make them theatrical Contemporary music and the stage connection made About composer Jonathon Larson39s own experiences watching his friends get sick with ADs Larson died the night before the first performance from a heart condition at age 35 About surviving loss and devastation Historical piece gives us a glimpse into the late 80s o So heavily relies on that time period to tell the story Lecture 16 0 Pippin 1972 0 Bob Fosse choreographer 39 Very iconic style 0 Chet Walker is the revival choreographer and was a dancer in the original Fosse performance 0 About acrobatscircus 0 Play within a play 0 Fiddler on the Rood 0 Jerry Book music Sheldon Hamick lyrics Joseph Stein book Jerome Robbins directorchoreographer Huge box office draw OOOOO Bottle dance 39 Unique because it wasn t just a Broadway number it was religious and symbolic 0 Trip to Israel to recruit performers 39 Lots of drama hijackers on the place bringing lead performer over 0 J ewison movie director movies take the story out of the theater and put it in the real world 39 Critics movie let most of the life out condescending and way off track 0 Mostel actor who plays Tevye was opposite of Robbins 39 Mostel calls Robbins that sonofabitch 39 Mostel like Tevye left his past behind his family abandoned him when he decided to become an actor 0 Shrek the Musical 0 Let your Freak Flag Fly 39 Encouraging people to be more freakish more abnormal more unique 0 Who is the audience 39 Children adults the other or freak 0 Hair A musical about othemess the hippies Divided culture as a result of Vietnam War Joseph Papp director First musical with entire score of rock music OOOOO Allowed the generation gap to come together 39 Parents went to understand their kids 39 Kids went with their parents to show them and it was about them 0 Drug use profanity frontal nudity interaction with the audience 0 Company 0 O OOOOO A City of Strangers Stephen Sondheim First time someone had taken the RampH stuff and everything that happened before and take Broadway in a new direction Howard Prince Based on a group of short plays Remake with Neil Patrick Harris About married life provocative subject matter Nonlinear storytelling no real plot 0 A Chorus Line 0 O O 0 About the sheer difficulty of getting a job on Broadway as a dancer Everyone is on the line By dancer turned director 0 Bob Fosse O Show business veteran 39 Started dancing as a kid went on to dance on Broadway and in Hollywood 39 As good as Astaire or Kelly Met Gwen Verdon while working on Damn Yankees 39 Wrote 5 shows for her she become the quintessential Fosse dancer and they got married Used hats because he started losing his hair very early turned feet in because he had leg trouble and couldn t tum out but it became the Fosse style Chicago 39 Set in the past 39 About murder sex celebrity 39 A lot like Cabaret 39 Cynicism towards the past Vaudeville and burlesque 39 Not sure if audience was really ready for it a little ahead of its time 39 Became a style that is still seen everywhere today
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