New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

IS 2054 Neorealism & Liberalism Notes

by: windwalkerr

IS 2054 Neorealism & Liberalism Notes IS 2054

Virginia Tech

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the lectures on Neo-realism and Liberalism from Wednesday February 17th and Friday the 19th.
Intro to World Politics
Courtney Thomas
Class Notes
IS, International Studies, is 2054, World politics, neorealism, Liberalism
25 ?




Popular in Intro to World Politics

Popular in International Studies

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by windwalkerr on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to IS 2054 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Courtney Thomas in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Intro to World Politics in International Studies at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Similar to IS 2054 at Virginia Tech

Popular in International Studies


Reviews for IS 2054 Neorealism & Liberalism Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/19/16
Neo­realism  2.17.16 Liberalism 2.19.16 Neo­realism  Kenneth Waltz: Theory of International Politics  o Structural approach to international relations, which is based upon notion of polarity,  balance of power, & polar powers  o Closely related to Great Powers & Super powers o Neo­realism identifies more agents, structures, & dynamics as “irrelevant” than classical  realism does.   It defines power as the combined capabilities of state  Power determines policy  Waltz goes out on a limb and says that no one cares about countries like Namibia, or Peru. People only  care about super powers and great powers, both of which fall under polar powers.  Great power: power that it has is economic, military, diplomatic, political, and possibly cultural too.  These powers are significant enough to shape international system and be active in it. Super power: military capacity to completely destroy its enemies.  Structure of international system is based on how many polar powers there are. Structure of international  system changes very slowly & infrequently, often due to some cataclysmic event. Structures change only  with the addition or elimination of polar powers.  Waltz’s theory originates with the events of 1648, such as the creation of modern state system (Treaties of Westphalia). 1648 – 1815.   If you’re going to have a multipolar system, 5 poles are best bc if there’s war you have a tie  breaker. One power to act as balancer, rest do whatever. 2/2/1 split o From 1648 to the Cold war, the world was multipolar. World is relatively unstable o Great Britain is most important in this system; they became tie­breaker o France, Russia, UK, Prussia, Austria­Hungary  Defection, alliances, & instability become more limited o 1871: 5 pole system starts to crumble   Multipolar system is inherently unstable   Best of both worlds: bipolar system. 2 superpowers o MAD  o Decreased likelihood of structural change involving polar powers  Rather, structural change is deterred through power working together o Worst of all worlds: 3   Tripolar system: 2 against one.   2 that perceive themselves to be weakest will ally against strongest.  o Strongest attacks first   USSR­US­China? Emergence of great powers again.  o Post­cold war o Unipolarity Neo­realism  2.17.16 Liberalism 2.19.16 Problem with Waltz: We didn’t get out of the cold war bc of MAD, but bc of luck. You can’t base  theories off of one instance. You can’t assign structural motivation to states. He lacks imagination. Looks  at history and said it couldn’t have happened any other way. Never actually had a tripolar system.   Doesn’t account for single people that changed things. Like soviet officers who didn’t fire bc it  didn’t make sense.  Too reductionist Liberalism 2.19.16 Liberalism can be seen as counterbalance to realism. Problem with realism:   Realism’s strength is ability to explain war & conflict o However, realism is too reductionist & cannot explain cooperation, integration, &  elements associated w/ globalization  Realism stands in the way of interdependence assumptions  Foundations of Liberalism: it creates stability & predictability   Self­restraint  Compromise  Peace o Not just through military strength, but through cooperation   Progress  Individualism  Tolerance  Freedom  Constitutionalism  Self­determination o Arguably cornerstone of liberalism o Power of ppl to choose their own gov’ts Possible for everyone to progress along economic & social lines. Power isn’t zero­sum game; we can gain together as opposed to the gain of one being bad for another.  Liberal Tradition  All citizens are equal & possess basic rights to education, access to free press, & religious  tolerance o Legislative assembly of state possesses authority invested in it by ppl  Key dimension of liberty is right to own property o Enemy of liberalism: mercantilism  Liberalism depends on free market and trade  State & Individual Neo­realism  2.17.16 Liberalism 2.19.16  Like an individual, a state is endowed w/ natural rights o Including right to nonintervention/sovereignty  Like individuals w/in states, states must submit to rule of law as defined by  community of states & enforced by international institutions  They are free, but up to a point. They must follow certain guidelines and not  harm other states.  Liberalists are institutionalists. Functionalism  Liberal theory, emerged before WWI o Assumed that world peace would grow naturally out of economic cooperation  Free trade stops war  “Flag follows trade”  The idea is that economic interdependence would become so rewarding that war would become  irrelevant to the definition of national self interest Early successes  Early institutions such as International Telegraph Union & International Payments Union seemed  to validate functionalist assumptions o WWI seen as opportunity to implement functionalist solution to international crisis  Wilson’s 14 points & the League of Nations Neo­Functionalism  Neo­functionalists understood that for economic interdependence to be fully successful, leading  sectors of economic must integrate in ways that require the establishment and legitimacy of  supranational governing institutions  o Openness must be carefully implemented by states & institutions to prevent outbreak of  war o This is foundational logic of European Coal & Steel Community   Bind industries so tightly that war wouldn’t be possible  **Marshall’s master plan  Rather than having France & Germany fight over Alsace Lorraine, they  would have to buy and trade to receive resources o Adoption of euro is an example of functionalism   **only works if you combine most important sectors, like those that provide materials needed for  war.  Role of Institutions  Liberals of just about any kind point to the important of international institutions to promote  peace & cooperation by creating trust & accountability o UN o Bretton Woods o Int Criminal Court o NATO Neo­realism  2.17.16 Liberalism 2.19.16 o EU o MERCOSUR o AU Strengths of liberalism  Considers more structures & agents than realism (more complex but often more reflective of pol  dynamics)  Can explain cooperation, globalization & emergence of NGOs Weaknesses of Liberalism  Doesn’t explain the frequent occurrences of war, defection, aggression, & other “realist” qualities in modern world  Often more concerned with what could be than what is o Whereas Waltz focused too much on the past and couldn’t really predict the future or  offer solutions  Requires trust among many states in the international system to function  States that adhere to liberal traditions are vulnerable to defection   **if a state were to defect in a liberalist world, they would have a huge advantage. More so than  in a realist world, because here everyone would expect others to cooperate.  Neo­liberalism:  Economic & political theory  Chicago school of economics (1900s) o Privatization o Deregulation o Unhindered trade  **if you see these 3 traits, you know they’re talking about neo­liberalism.   Markets shouldn’t be regulated  Neither should trade   Services should be privatized in market rather than provided as public goods   **creates fundamental problems in the international system   Banana republic: country that has one specific good, like banana o Land owned by foreign corporations o Sovereign or no?


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.