HIST 2112 Week 7 Notes
HIST 2112 Week 7 Notes HIST 2112
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Malique Joseph on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2112 at Clayton State University taught by Dr. Favors in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see US HIST Since Reconstruction in History at Clayton State University.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
History 2112: The Progressive Movement (2/15/2016 & 2/17/2016) The Massi Affair: The Issue This was an explosive incident that occurred in Hawaii during the early 1930’s. At this time America was concerned with expanding its resources as well as its military, which led to Imperialism. In 1930, America claimed Hawaii as their territory. In September 1931 U.S. naval officer Thomas Massi and his wife Thalia Massi were both in Hawaii amongst the other crew members. One night, during a party, Thalia was sexually assaulted by 5 men. However, her story in court was incoherent and the prosecutor did not find any evidence to support her story. America strikes back… Admiral Yates Sterling was appalled by the jury’s decision and decided to spread fallacies about Hawaii and their crime rate. He felt that this case was an embarrassment to the U.S. naval force as well as a violation of her “white woman hood”. Thalia’s mother; Mrs. Fortescue came to Hawaii as well to seek justice for her daughter. She hired some FBI agents to kidnap one of the suspects, Joseph Kahahawi and interrogated him. They grew impatient with Joseph’s answers and killed him in cold blood. Then, they decided to dump his body on a cliff and stage his death as an act of suicide. However, on the way to the beach, the Hawaiian police pulled over the vehicle and saw Joseph’s body. In court, Mrs. Fortiscue and her associates were represented by a famous lawyer, Clarence Darell. The Verdict Mrs. Fortiscue and her associate’s sentence was reduced from 10 years to 1 hour. Many Hawaiians were outraged and this increased their hatred towards the U.S. They hired the Pinkerton Detective Agency and stated that Thalia’s rape was impossible because the alleged men were nowhere near the crime scene. In America, The Massi’s, Admiral Sterling and Mrs. Fortiscue were treated like heroes. This was the beginning of the corruption that was being implemented in America’s justice system and continues to affect many citizens today. (the above example). Women’s fight for Equality The Women’s club movement; It was created to fight against prostitution, cleaner cities, and most of all the right to vote. At this time, many women wanted more influence in politics and felt that women’s voices should be heard. Women’s impact on Political Culture The program was very limited. The ideas that were to be reformed depended on who had political access. During this time, women began to legislate and push for social issues by joining many clubs but also to put pressure on their husbands (since they had the most polit. Power at this time). Social Welfare; Women felt it was their role to take care of society. Social Housekeepers; these were women who cleaned houses and wanted to make cities more humane. Club Movement: WCTU (Women’s Christian Temperance Unit); they were anti- alcohol. This is one of the major organizations that has an astonishing effect on politics in America. Other organizations included the; National Congress of Mothers and the Women’s Trade Union League (WTUL). This org. fought for better wages, hours, and working conditions just as many labor unions had previously fought for. Margaret Sanger She was a political activist who fought for women’s rights. (Feminist). She focused primarily on; sexuality & gender roles. Margaret also promoted the use of birth control which at the time was very illegal. Women had the choice to do as they please with their body, which is a reoccurring issue still is happening today. 1914; she publishes a magazine called “Woman Rebel” which expressed the above idea of self-individuality and free will of a woman’s body. National Birth Control League (1915): This became the founder of Planned Parenthood. The Dark side of Margaret Thatcher… The Negro Project (Black Eugenics), was designed to control the population of black people and limit the amount of “degenerate” and make a better society. She viewed black people as inferior. The Harlem Clinic was made to sterilize black women and help make the Negro project successful. Women’s Suffrage The fight for women being allowed to vote in America. This help create the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA). The West coast including; Idaho, Colarado, etc.. already gave women the right to vote in 1869 and they used that as their argument. Now it focused on getting the east coast on th board. The 19 Amendment was ratified in 1920 which gave women the right to vote. How Progressive was the progressive movement? Some issues were resolved however, the issue of racism still continued throughout America. The term NadirLowest point in American nation. Lynching people in the south became a huge problem. Many people were afraid to speak out against it you will also suffer the same racial violence. Some of these cases included May Turner lynched in Valdosta, GA and her premature baby was cut out of her stomach and beaten to death. At this time many people who participated in this were very open about it. Pictures with smiling faces and news articles began to surface and whites had no remorse or care for the concern of their actions. The denial of Afr. American rights were first executed through defacto (segregation). This was done by the use of railroads which divided communities based on race. De jure (By law) were the pre Jim Crow laws. The Dawn of Jim Crow (1896), Homer Plessy wanted more public transportation in New Orleans. This created the “separate but equal” rule constitutional. However, that is not the case. Legislatures were only funding the white owned schools negating that rule. Disenfranchisement of the Polls It was designed to rob someone of their political power. State constitutions decided to include new laws and amendments which kept blacks from having little to no political influence. One of these laws were Poll taxes which people could not vote with a criminal background. You also had to pay to vote. In addition, black people were not treated fairly by the police and were being arrested for almost anything. (African Americans were basically dehumanized). Literacy Tests and the Grandfather Clause were also implemented to discourage and prevent blacks from voting. The Voting numbers In 1896 there were over 130,000 blacks who were registered to vote in Louisiana. That number dropped to half in 1900. The Rape and the Rifle Pseudo Paradise; Racism followed many African Americans who fled the south. “Red Summer of 1919”: This began in Chicago and led to a violent race riot. This was the climax of racism in the U.S. Racism, Segregation and violence flourished the country. It was not only a “southern thing” but it was the worst in the south. All the amendments for change during the reconstruction era fell through. Radical Violence 1. Denial of human rights 2. Denial of civil rights (14 thamendment. Due process, etc..) 3. Institutionalization of white supremacy 4. Psychological toll on blacks and whites 5. Commitment to Self-Defense (Afr. Americans who defended themselves in their own community) The Lynching Epidemic More than 100 African America were lynched each year in America.
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