Day 2 notes
Day 2 notes 1100
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelly Jo Kiess on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1100 at University of Colorado Colorado Springs taught by Dr. Foster in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see THE AMERICAN POLITICAL SYSTEM in Political Science at University of Colorado Colorado Springs.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
Day 2 notes Dr. Foster The Colonial Mind: Content and Sources 1. Content a. Individualism b. Equality c. Idea of Selfgovernment 2. Sources a. Equality i. Religion: Christianity and Deism b. Enlightenment i. France 1700’s a. French philosophers adapting English philosophy b. John Locke founding father of English philosophy c. Desire for land i. Westward expansion a. Every man for himself no established government b. 3. Sources at selfgovernment a. Distance b. EnglandTurmoil of the 1600’s England 1600’s Elizabeth I died, without a successor The son of her halfsister took over Tudors were making peace with the middle class Elizabeth I allowed other religions Not Catholicism James I believed he was “God” Church of England, no wiggle room Catholic sympathizers 1688 The glorious revolution England is about to go to war again James II gives up the thrown English Parliament chooses another dynasty John and Mary of Orange The Colonial Mind and the revolution VS Classical Liberalism Social, evil, sinful, and corrupt reasoningMAN good reasonable, peaceful, natural activity= economics Day 2 notes Dr. Foster Combined authority of sate, society, church –AUTHORITY—limited Executive; monarchy—GOVERNMENT—legislative Orderly, harmonious—COMMUNITY—promotion at liberty Natural inequality, noblessee oblige, virtual rep.—EQUALITY—limited equality The organic theory, the state as “natural”—ORGINS OF THE STATE—instrumentalism; a tool The past—TIME—present, future, optimistic Slow, gradual, evolution—CHANGE—rapid Antidemocratic no governing role for the people—DEMOCRACY—antidemocratic, focus on individual liberty, not on the majority 13 colonies post 1688 Religion The Great Awakening Thousands of people became Christian French and Indian War17541763 CONSEQUENCE England wanted to slow down western migration British began to tax colonies Stamp Act Tax on Tea Boston Tea Party: small farmers, shopkeepers, artisans etc. 5 social strata New England merchantsbankers Southern Planters Royalists supported the British monarchy Small farmers [Radicals] Shopkeepers, artisans, and laborers The Declaration of Independence as a classical liberal document “we hold these truths to be selfevident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. that to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just Day 2 notes Dr. Foster powers from the consent of the governed. that whenever any form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to later or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to affect their safety and happiness…” ** Natural rights and consent of the governed** Declaration a radical document 1. Equality 2. Revolution 17761789: the experiences with government being too strong 1. Government can be too strong a. State legislatures start manufacturing ex post facto laws i. Unconstitutional b. Passing bills of attainder i. Trail by legislation c. Violation of separation of powers i. Montesquieu definition of tyranny *when one branch controls the other two i.e. legislature controls executive and judicial branches 2. Government can be too weak a. Articles of Confederation i. unicameral legislation with 1 vote/ state ii. 9 states had to agree to pass a law iii. 13 states had to agree to amend iv. legislation paid by states, no power to tax, no national judiciary system, no executive office Shays Rebellion 178687 Need for stronger government to maintain order in order to protect property People were in open rebellion state militia was unreliable Governor of Mass hires mercenaries to fire a series of shots to scare the people 1787 The Constitutional Convention: Philadelphia Day 2 notes Dr. Foster 55 men, 12/13 states were represented Rhode Island did not show up The delegates were not representative of the American People Meetings were held in secrecy, the media and main population wasn’t not allowed This was to insure compromise and the creation of a government that would be strong enough to preserve order without being strong enough to threaten liberty 1. Virginia Plan (large states plan) a. Stronger government b. Bicameral 2 houses, at least 1 being elected by gen pop 2. New Jersey Plan small states plan) a. Unicameral *** Connecticut Compromise*** (The Great Compromise) Representation in the national representation 1. Legislature would be bicameral a. 2 houses 2. Senate a. Equality 2 votes/state 3. House of Representatives a. Population *** Three Fifths Compromise*** Dealing slavery South wanted to count slaves for representation North wanted to count slaves for taxation Every slave would count as 3/5 of one white person for both purposes
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