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Day 4 notes

by: Kelly Jo Kiess
Kelly Jo Kiess

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These notes cover week 4
Dr. Foster
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelly Jo Kiess on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1100 at University of Colorado Colorado Springs taught by Dr. Foster in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see THE AMERICAN POLITICAL SYSTEM in Political Science at University of Colorado Colorado Springs.


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Date Created: 02/19/16
Day 4 notes  2/9/16 The Declaration and Rights  Proclaims that rights we have = liberty Government is to be limited so they cannot infringe on our rights John Locke is the father of classic liberalism Views property as life, liberty, and estate  Self­ownership You are your own property  You have the right to determine what you will do with your own life Means you are responsible for what you do with your life  If you don’t believe you own yourself­ than someone who “owns” you has the     right to ‘abuse’ you  Foundational to every other right we have When property isn’t protected­ you are most likely unwilling to speak out With protection, more likely to speak out­ government can’t “get you” because  you disagree with them  Essential for prosperity  Hernando de Soto­ “why is there so much poverty in poor nations” ­ Lack of legally recognized property rights,  o Property rights are not protected by law  ­ If your property is protected, you’ll want to grow your business o They can then tax everyone and that’s how they get $$$ How do we secure the blessings of liberty?  RULE OF LAW o Constitutionalism   Putting limits on government  Things they can and cannot do, must follow procedures  o Equality  The law applies to everyone, we’re all under the law  The laws that are passed are for the good of all  Laws are not passed that allow for exceptions (creating inequality)  o Transparency  Day 4 notes  2/9/16  Laws must be clear and understandable to the gen pop   The responsibility of citizenship  o Citizen virtues  Courage   Intelligence   Independence   Knowledge   Hence the importance of civic education to a free society  SEPARATION OF POWER Parliamentary system: United Kingdom  The fusion of powers  1. General election to the House of Commons 2. The House chooses the government­ majority party (labor and conservatism parties)  a. Prime minister b. Cabinet  3. The government remains in the Commons and votes in the Commons  a. Stay in the legislature and votes in the legislature  4. The government lasts no longer than the House of Commons a. Maximum 5 years  Presidential System: United States  1. General Election a. Senate state legislature  people of the state  b. House of Representatives people  people in districts of a state  c. President electoral college  people of the nation  2. Cannot be a member of the Congress and the executive branch at the same time THEY  ARE SEPARATE­ CONSTITUTION FORBIDS IT ** ONE EXCEPTION­ Vice President  Member of the Executive Branch, presiding officer to the US Senate  Casts deciding vote in a tie  3. Terms of office a. President: 4 year term b. Senate­ 6 year term c. Member of the House­ 2 year term  4. Checks and Balances a. Legislative process i. Both the House and the Senate have to pass before it heads to the  President Day 4 notes  2/9/16 ii. If the Supreme Court decides the law is unconstitutional, they can “veto”  iii. House and senate can pass, president can veto, house can override veto Consequences of the system FUSION                     SEP. OF POWERS ***             Efficiency ***       Democratic accountability                                                              Liberty                                                        ***  FEDERALISM  (Relationship between national gov. and state gov.)  Unitary system­ French and Italian have  Confederal system­ US used to have “Articles of Federation” The state governments dominated  Federal system­ US currently has  Power is divided between national and state governments Authority and existence of both levels is protected  Why federalism?  1.  Confederaism had failed­ articles had been a failure 2. Unitary given the reality of the revolution and too much threat for tyranny  Federalism in the Constitution 1. Powers a. National government­ delegated i. Express or enumerated  ii. Implied  b. Both national and state governments have concurrent powers i. Tax Day 4 notes  2/9/16 ii. Judicial system c. States­ reserved powers i. Not delegated to the national government ii. Nor denied to the states 1. States can’t coin money 2. Enter into a treaty with other countries  d. Local  state government  i. Counties and cities has no legal power  ii. States created local government­ UNITARY  1. Will create birth and death records 2. Obligations  a. National government  states  i. Protection  ii. Provide the states with a Republican form of government  iii. Territorial integrity­ states have to stay states­ can’t combine  b. States  national governments i. Election of national offices ** Speaker of the house ** Two Senators ** Members of the Electoral College ii. Consider amendments  iii. Respect supremacy clause of constitution  c. State  state  i. Full faith and credit ii. Rendition (extradition)  iii. Privileges and amenities    3. Expansion of National Power a. How: means (constitutional provision)  i. Necessary & proper clause ii. Supremacy clause  iii. Commerce clause (interstate commerce)  iv. General welfare clause  v. Amendment XVI­ authorizes congress to tax individual income vi. Amendment XVII­ state legislatures don’t choose members of senate, we  the people choose, allowing them to focus on national issues  vii. Amendment XIV­ post civil war amendment states no state shall deny an  individual the right to 1. Due process  2. Equal protection  b. Why: causes (socio­econ­political conditions)  i. Division of a national economy  ii. Democratization – government can be used to benefit us Day 4 notes  2/9/16 iii. Wars­ national government fights for our country  iv. Increased involvement in international affairs v. Development of a national society­ states shouldn’t treat people differently vi. Progressive movement – national government exists to solve problems 


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