New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

SOC 4410: Criminology, week 6 notes

by: Alison Carr

SOC 4410: Criminology, week 6 notes Soc 4410

Marketplace > Bowling Green State University > Sociology > Soc 4410 > SOC 4410 Criminology week 6 notes
Alison Carr
GPA 4.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the lectures from week 6.
Dr. Finkeldey
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Criminology

Popular in Sociology

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alison Carr on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 4410 at Bowling Green State University taught by Dr. Finkeldey in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Criminology in Sociology at Bowling Green State University.

Similar to Soc 4410 at BGSU

Popular in Sociology


Reviews for SOC 4410: Criminology, week 6 notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/19/16
SOC 4410: Criminology, Spring Semester 2016 Week 6 Limitations of rational choice  Exaggerates the rationality of offenders  Violent crimes are often emotional crimes Routine Activities Theory  Victimization requires: o Motivated offender o Suitable target o Lack of capable guardian  Evaluating routine activity o The theory is very popular o Explains crime  Among different groups of people  In different locations  Accounts for changes in crime rates over time Chapter 5 conclusions  Move from religious causes of crime to classical perspective  Neoclassical theories o Rational choice o Routine activities o Deterrence Chapter 7: Sociological Theories: Emphasis on Social Structures Introduction  Individual-level theories cannot easily account for crime  Social structure (environment) o Evaluates why some locations and groups have higher crime rates The legacy of Durkheim  Durkheim emphasized the importance of structure  Impulses held in check by: o Socialization o Social ties  2 structural conditions: o Anomie  Periods of rapid social change  Norms become less applicable  A state of normlessness o Low social integration Social Disorganization and Human Ecology (Durkheim)  Society changing in the 1800s  Move from rural to urban areas  Changing nature of relationships Chicago School of Sociology  Social disorganization o Break down in bonds and control  Human ecology o The study of people and environment  Concentric zones Clifford R. Shaw and Henry D. McKay  Studied delinquency in Chicago from 1900-1933  Delinquency high in inner zones of city regardless of which immigrant group or minority lived there  Delinquency decreased as one moved away from the inner city  Social Disorganization Theory Disadvantaged community structure (low SES, heterogeneity, turnover)  social disorganization (no common values and ineffective social control) crime and delinquency  Evaluating social disorganization o Methodological problems:  Use of official records  Circular reasoning  Focus on poor criminals  Underestimates of social organization Anomie/Strain Theory  Robert K. Merton  Strain occurs with dissociation between goals and means  It results when too much emphasis is placed on goals or means are adequate  Emphasis on economic success results in criminality when the means are lacking Modes of Adaptation  Based on inability to attain societal goals, people choose a model of adaptation o 1. Conformity (law abiding, accept goals and means) o 2. Innovation (accept goal, reject means, most common deviant response) o 3. Ritualism (reject goals, accept means) o 4. Retreatism (reject goals and means, ex: drug addict) o 5. Rebellion ((reject/replace goals and reject/replace means)  Evaluating Strain/Anomie Theory o Emphasis on poor o Does not explain violent crime o Doesn’t consider role of trill seeking o Ignores link or alcohol/drugs o Fails to explain one adaptation over another General Strain Theory  Robert Agnew  Strain from economic and noneconomic sources o Negative relationships with others  Negative affect (anger, disappointment, depression, fear) Strain (economic and noneconomic sources, 3 main types) negative emotions (anger, disappointment, depression, fear)  delinquency/crime (can result due to pressure from negative emotions)  3 types of strain o 1. Failure to achieve positively valued goals  Difference between aspiration and expectation/actual outcome  Difference between just/fair outcome and actual outcome o 2. Removal or positively valued stimuli o 3. Presentation of negatively valued stimuli Does this mean that everyone who experiences strain will engage in delinquency/crime? NO Only some people who experience strain will engage in delinquency/crime.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.