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Anther Week 3

by: Lauran Notetaker

Anther Week 3 ANTH 3853 001

Lauran Notetaker
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About this Document

Week 3
Music, Language, and Culture
Dr. SeanO'Neill
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauran Notetaker on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 3853 001 at University of Oklahoma taught by Dr. SeanO'Neill in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Music, Language, and Culture in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oklahoma.

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Date Created: 02/19/16
February 1, 2016 Structuralism behavior patterns in language and music for exam: prepare your own responses takes about 10,000 hours to learn a new language UG - Universal Grammar holy grail of Linguistics How could language survive without sound? - gestures - facial expressions - writing - rhythm - visual imagery theory of mind - getting into someones head Sound units: signaling devices functional elements of sound in language or music create shifts in meaning or structure hold no necessary meaning in isolation Phonotactics - how we put sound together tsunami psychology but can end stops Silence can even communicate something Phonemes - minimal units of sound in language - Distinct sounds lumped together Ex. The “L” in light, Lean, Clean, Glean Asperation for “Pot” Unexploited for “stoP” There is about 180 symbols that make about 40 sounds in English about 2,000 languages in Africa Signaling Devices “Talking Drum” of West Africa “Tonemes” (Levi-Strauss) - Minimal units of sound in music? - Distinctive Scales (interrelated pitches that form melodies) - Timbres - Tonal qualities of Instruments - B.B. King “Blue Notes” and Jazz notes - Microtone - sliding or bending strings, guitar sings goes between major and minor chords Meter: Measured flow of sound - Presence of “beats” - Regular or offset (syncopated) - Stress patterns (“accent”) - Syllables (language) Ex. Tabla Rhythms of India - speech copying sound Phrase Structure - Heirarchial organization - Phrases - Groups of Words - Melodies - Groups of Notes Ex. From Patel (2007) Music, Language, and the Brain February 3, 2016 Languages Lost and Found: Speaking and Whistling - Video the mamma tongue 90% of languages are not on the internet Canary Islands - La Gomera 70 Whistling Languages around the world Subo Gomero - more than 22,000 inhabitants and speak language If your language is lost, what would you say? Asiklar: Those who are in love - Video microtones saz - ashnik played alvi from ashnik philosophy - people, tolerance benefit to people, never asks for money cultures transformed into something entirely new


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