Anther Week 4
Anther Week 4 ANTH 3853 001
Popular in Music, Language, and Culture
ANTH 3853 001
verified elite notetaker
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
verified elite notetaker
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauran Notetaker on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 3853 001 at University of Oklahoma taught by Dr. SeanO'Neill in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Music, Language, and Culture in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oklahoma.
Reviews for Anther Week 4
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/19/16
February 8, 2016 Semantics - Creating meaning, based or regular code - Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss Linguist Semiotic - the study of meaning how it is we generate meaning how we pair meaning with musical sound A minor - sadness Ex. Shaw Tyler plays Jimi Hendrix ways to convey myth through performance Ex. Whales have some songs that are semiotic; Dolphins possibly Musical Semantics Leonard Bernstein - composer/songwriter was very convinced that music narrates a story trying to be told by composer Ex. Narration of Beethoven Metaphor Structured Comparison Language (Source = Target) Badger = (furious) person Ex. Honey badger think metaphorically musical comedy Music (A = B) two measured units in ﬂow of sound (paired phrases in melody) Ex. Beethoven’s ﬁfth suggestive rapping on door Lyrical Metaphor Ex. John Lee Hooker “Car” for Body from Robert Johnson trying to make guitar like a piano; talking about a woman jealousy, betrayal Metonymy “Part for Whole” (language) the pen is stronger than a sword sword for military force pen for written word, statement “Taps” as reference to military and funerals musical allusion parts of melody as reference to whole composition Amazing Grace National Anthem Any Theme Song Synecdoche: Reciprocal Substitutions Part Whole “Hand” for work passage for whole work (music) Whole Part “law” for ofﬁcer “Genre” that is synonymous with speciﬁc artist “Classical violin” - Paganini (greatest virtuoso) fractal - every little bit represents the whole Ex. Universe from the atom and how both look similar Puns Same sound triggers different meanings Removal from ordinary context Marx’s tomb is a communist plot Cell phone melodies? Ex. Mary had a little lamb” as Blues - Buddy Guy Anagrams Rearranging the same structural elements… Either “letters”… Or musical notes To create new words, melodies, harmonics, etc Ex. Stipend = spend it Archeologist = Goal is to search Virtually all melodies using one “scale” February 10, 2016 Structuralism Behavioral patterns in language and music Antithesis Pairing of opposites Love-Hate Secular-Sacred … in council you descant on bravery, and in battle you tremble… (oxymoron) dark and light - two colors if only two in a language red - danger, patriotic color (crimson) duets - pairing opposites; major and minor chords strong heros and villains Akin to counterpoint in melody (moving in opposite directions) Ex. Counterpoint guitar vs voice 2 distinct voices Chiasmus Reversal of formula Ex. “All for one, and one for all” A kind of symmetrical parallelism Ex. Mozart “Eine Kleine Nachtmusik” Humor Message sent in jest Parody Satire Comedy Off-record commentary Ex. Pirates of Penzance Alliteration Structures that start with the same “sound” Phonemes of language “Notes” of music Ex. “Always avoid alliteration” - form of alliteration Harry Potter, Beethoven Words, Melodies, rhythms, etc. Ex. Beethoven’s 5th Symphony (Rhythm) Synethesia - scents that bring back memories “Mixing” the senses “Loud” tie “Stinky” composition “Sour” note Any image usually linked to sound Irony Opposition in intended meaning Sarcastic Dramatic Ex. “Model Biblical Philologist” Parody Palidrome Complete reversal of sound sequence Identical meaning and structure hannah (spelled backwards) hannah racecar (spelled backwards) racecar kayak (spelled backwards) kayak Ex. “Le Palindome” - Mozart Anaphora References to established ﬁgures in ﬂow of sound “She”/“That” in language Otherwise meaningless in themselves Ex. St. Joseph When Mary walked into the room, She (?) saw her (?) husband Musical perception Reoccurring ﬁgures in music: melodies, rhythm, harmony Lost in slow motion Each element understood in terms of what came before Negation Oppositions in language “No”/“Not” ____ Silence in music? (Not = Sound) Defying expectation (not what you expect) Ex. John Cage “4’33” (New Topic) Evolution The biological basis of language and music Music can draw people together (churches)
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'