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Soc 101, One week of Notes

by: Michaela Musselman

Soc 101, One week of Notes Soc 101

Marketplace > University of Mississippi > Soc 101 > Soc 101 One week of Notes
Michaela Musselman
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The first set of notes starts with Sociological Perspective/Imagination and goes through George Ritzer. The second set starts with Durkheim and goes through the three sociological theories we went ...
Introductory Sociology
Jamie Nelms
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michaela Musselman on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 101 at University of Mississippi taught by Jamie Nelms in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 82 views.


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Date Created: 02/19/16
Sociological Perspective/Imagination  C. Wright Millls o Came up with the theory of sociological enquiry o He was starting to question society and behaviors o He asked how things were done and why  Private Troubles (Personal) vs Public Issues (Societal) o How and why are things done? Development of Society  First influenced by Age of Enlightenment o Scientific discoveries were made and science was looked to instead of the church o Society shifted from religious-based to science-based, with reasoning and facts o The study of sociology comes from this age of enlightenment  The father of Sociology is Auguste Comte o He theorized that we were developing systems of scientific thought (positivism) Three Great Sociologists Karl Marx o Inductive Reasoning o Made observations first, then developed a theory about his observations o He said society is structured based off of economics  Top (Upper Class/Bourgeoisie) reigns over the bottom (lower class/proletariat)  The upper class owned all of the factories in his society. The lower class worked in the factories and produced the products.  This created a cycle that could not be broken. The factories and upper class sold the products that the proletariat produced to the proletariat who needed the factory jobs to buy the products being produced and sold to them. o He was a conflict theorist that stressed capitalism Max Weber o Conflict theorist o Influenced by Marx o Said society is growing and we are moving out of a 2 party class system. o Society’s growth makes more social classes and jobs  Upper class- Capitalists  Middle class-Small businesses  Lower class- workers o Weber looked at money, social, political status, class, and political party  Any 3 of those influence your class and economic standing o During the industrial revolution, people became trapped in the “Iron Cage”  They were trapped in the system of bureaucracy  The system was one of control within supply and demand  The upper class controlled factories that the lower class worked in to make products sold in the middle class small businesses. George Ritzer  Contemporary Theory  Spoke on the “McDonaldization of Society” o Everything is created as efficiently, easily, and cheaply as possible  Society is calculated and efficient  A negative result of this is the “Iron Cage” o It does not allow for freedom of expression or creativity One more Sociologist Durkheim o Microperspective (Smaller angle approach) o Looked at social solidarity  How stable is society?  Individuals equal groups  Lack of stability for an individual leads to anomie (loneliness) Durkheim theorized that anomie is the reason for depression and suicide o One way to demonstrate social cohesiveness is through public rituals and commonalities  Public rituals are a display of identity o Segregation results from commonalities  I.e. people who share the same commonalities segregate themselves from others who do not share these commonalities 3 Main Sociological Theories Structural-Functional o Breaking down the word, you can get “structure” and “function”.  Structure is parts of society; function is the role of those parts  What are the parts of society? What roles do they play? o Durkheim is a structural-functionist Conflict Theory o Dealing with social stratification o Marx looked at economic stratification (Upper and lower class) o Weber looked at Class, status, party (Upper, middle, and lower class) o There is a coercion of power in society  The upper class wield their money and power over the lower classes  The power is not ever equal or balanced in society Symbolic Interactionism o Breaking down the word again, you get “symbol” and “interact”  Symbols are meanings given to objects; interacting is to communicate verbally, physically, or emotionally o This is microperspective- looking at the small things in society


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