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POLS 1020

by: Eunji Kim

POLS 1020 Political science 1020

Eunji Kim
GPA 3.89

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week 7 part II
Introduction to International Relations
Aron G. Tannenbaum
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eunji Kim on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Political science 1020 at Clemson University taught by Aron G. Tannenbaum in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at Clemson University.


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Date Created: 02/19/16
POLS 1020 week 7 part II (part I class was cancelled) The American Superpower Power Politics Day 2 Kagan’s book, “American World Order” characteristics:  Peace: No war between Great Powers  Prosperity: International trade  Democracy: More peace, less war! It’s as a liberal project  Harmony of interests o Int’l cooperation within a rules-based system of international relations  International law/ international organization o Prosperity through international trade that benefits all states economically  Optimistic view of human nature o Rodney King: yes, we can! American like to think of themselves in Liberal terms o “Our values are universal values:” o Free and fair elections o Checks and balances on power of government o Freedom of speech, religion, assembly, petition o Individual freedom  “Shining city on a hill”  Last best hope of mankind”  Government of the people, by the people, for the people”  American “exceptionalism” Liberalism defines who our friends, Enemies are  Dictatorships bad, demo good  WW II: Nazis bad, Allies good  Cold War: Communists bad, free world good  After 9/11: Either you are with us or against us A realist View of the American World Order: The Grand Global strategy of United States Realist version of American History o 17 – 19 centuries: Wars against Native Americans to seize their lands o 18 century: US Could not win independence from Britain: without participation of French Fleet o 19 century: Wars against European Great Powers for territorial expansion in North America th o 19 century: Wars against weaker neighboring countries for territorial expansion in North America Underlying the American World Order is American Power o Why America became the way it is? By using the power and force. Power Imbalance: Comparing Eastern and Western Hemispheres Grand Global Strategy of the U.S.  Prevent any one states or combination of states from dominating the Eastern Hemisphere  Prevent any Great Power from projecting its power globally  Prevent any Great Power from becoming a Regional Hegemon (dominant)  The U.S. acts as an Offshore Balancer  Axis Conquests in WW II 1942  Sino-Soviet Communist Bloc During the Cold War  Post-Soviet Russia Contained by NATO  China Contained by US Navy Controlled First and Second Island Chains Great Power and Superpower? What is a Great Power?  A Great Power is a state that can project its power on a regional scale What is a Superpower?  A superpower is a states that can project its power on a global scale -Europe never had a Great Power, its multi-polarity 1789 – 1945 [several] After 1945, they were self-destructed. -Cold war Superpower bipolarity 1945-1990 [2] -Post-Cold War superpower Uni-polarity, the sole remaining superpower 1990s [1] -One Superpower, Many Great Powers, Early 21 Century Is the United States a Revisionist State? Revisionist states - Russia - China - India - Iran - U.S.?  1945 – 1991: US a status-quo state o Maintain the American World order it created after WWII o Military alliances to prevent spread of communism, to contain Soviet power o US navy safeguards international commerce  1991 – present: Revisionist temptation o After Cold war, no superpower check on US Power o US invades Iraq because it can Foundations of American global power projection FIVE Sources of American Power: - Military - Financial, economic - Political stability - American culture - Geography Dominant power of weaker hemisphere  Geographic power North America as a World Island  Economic Power of Multi – National Corporations (MNCs)  U.S. Military Troops and Bases Around the world, U.S. Navy fleets  The “soft power” of culture  But Climate change is a long-term challenge to American Power Future of American power If American power declines, would the American World Order persist? - Obama: United States is the “indispensable nation” - Other great powers do not necessarily agree with American power order The conditional future of the American world order  Can US continue to the sole Superpower  Can US resist the Revisionist Temptation?  Can US overcome its major internal weaknesses? - Increasing political polarization - Increasing hostility toward “government” - Increasing economic inequality - Increasing tension between nativists and (non-white) immigrants


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