HIST 2112 Weeks
HIST 2112 Weeks HIST 2112
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Malique Joseph on Friday February 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2112 at Clayton State University taught by Dr. Favors in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see US HIST Since Reconstruction in History at Clayton State University.
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Date Created: 02/19/16
HIST 2112: Week 8 notes Pt. I Hearing our voices Pt. III The Nadir was the lowest point in America. The racial violence becomes the norm and acceptable because it is at an all -time high. Ida B Wells wrote a book called “Southern Horrors”. She wrote about the death of Sam Hose and the gruesome death he faced. He was burned alive for shooting a man (his employer), which he admitted truthfully. Struggle Breeds Resistance Ida B Wells also published “A Red Record” (a statistics and causes of lynching in America) sparked international controversy. She travels across the country to show the world how African Americans were treated in the south and “Strange Fruit” which promotes and highlights the struggle of racial violence. “Strange Fruit” was primarily focused on the study of lynching. The Niagara Movement This emerges in the late 19 Century. A biracial coalition. They met in Canada to address issues of racial violence as well as racism. After this meeting was conducted, the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People which was founded in 1909. This organization was designed to 1.) The abolition of segregation 2.) Equal education 3.) The enfranchisement of African Americans. th Previously during the Reconstruction era the 14 Amendment prohibited slavery in America and the 15 thamendment allowed African American men to vote. Many African Americans wanted the reinforcement of the 14 and 15 amendment and end to lynching in America. The legacy of Booker T. Washington… th The most popular African American leader in the 20 century. He has many people who supported him and his beliefs. He wanted American to become more educated. He believed that many blacks should receive “vocational” training. Enhance the skill set we already have. He felt African Americans were talented and they must act on what they have. Some of these professions include; carpenters, engineers, etc… He eventually founded “Tuskeegee University” (1881). The Wizard of Tuskegee and the Tuskegee Machine the power of Tuskegee University (its political power). He also was the first African American invited into the White House and met with FDR and they discussed how they can help eliminate race relations in the south but also the rest of the country as well. A different take on race… W.E. Dubois One of the first African Americans to have a PhD. He is known as a “renaissance man”. He writes the ‘Talented Tenth” in which he suggests that at least 10% of young African Americans should focus on training in higher education (Liberal Arts to study Greek, History, and Arts). He wanted people who could properly articulate themselves and represent the concerns of African American through protest. They needed people to take action and leadership. Booker T. Washington was against his ideas… He felt that if he was to engage and promote violence against white people. It would create mass racial violence throughout the country, which would end in a blood bath. 1.) “uplift” and establish the “black elite” 2.) The Morril Act of 1891 Called for the establishment of both and white land grant colleges. Land Grant colleges were to serve the students and promote agriculture. 3.) It gives access for African Americans to be educated (“higher learning”). 4.) Developed an “educated class of blacks” and supported the middle class.
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