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KIN 527, ch. 6

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KIN 527, ch. 6 KIN 527


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Body Composition
Scientific Foundations of Health and Fitness
Eric Morris
Class Notes
KIN 527
25 ?




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Popular in Kinesiology

This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Xxxxxxx on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to KIN 527 at University of New Hampshire taught by Eric Morris in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Scientific Foundations of Health and Fitness in Kinesiology at University of New Hampshire.


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Date Created: 02/20/16
Chapter Six▯ • Body composition: the relative amounts of fat and fat-free mass in the body▯ • Overweight: a weigth above the recommended level for health.▯ • Obese: an exessive amount of fat in the body typically above 25% for men and 35% for women▯ • essential fat: body fat that is necessary for physiological functioning▯ storage fat: excess fat reserves stored in the body’s adipose tissue▯ • • adipose tissue: tissue where fat is stored in the body▯ • visceral fat: fat stored in the abdomen and around the organs▯ • subcutaneous fat: fat stored just beneath the skin▯ • android pattern: a pattern of fat distribution characterized by fat stored in the abdomen region; more common in men▯ • gynoid pattern: a pattern of fat distribution characterized by fat stored in hips and thighs; more common in women▯ • Chronic conditions associated with overweight and obesity:▯ • creeping obesity: a slow increase in body weight and percentage of fat over several years▯ • diabetes: a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood glucose levels that is associated with increased risk for heart disease, kidney disease, nerve dysfunction, and eye damage.▯ • Benefits of a health weight:▯ • physical activity and everyday activities are easier.▯ • higher self-esteem▯ • lower risk of developing major chronic illness▯ • Health effects of too little body fat▯ • malnutrition▯ • loss of muscle mass and strength▯ • increased risk of: osteoporosis, menstral abnormalities▯ • anorexia nervosa and bulimia -> heart problems, digestive disorder, kidney damage, anamia, lethargy, muscle weakness, dry skin, and poor immune function▯ Ways to measure body composition:▯ • • Body mass index (BMI): a ration of body weight (kg) divided by a height squared (m^2) used to determine whether a person is at a health body weight; BMI is related to the percentage of body fat.▯ • skinfold test: a field test used to estimate body composition, representative samples of subcutaneous fat are measured using calipers to estimate the overall level of body fat.▯ • waist-to-hip ratio: a ratio of the was it and hip circumferences used to determine the risk for disease associated with the android pattern of obesity▯ • duel energy X-ray absorptionmetry (DXA): a technique for assessing body composition using a low-radiation X-ray; it is typically used in research or clinical settings and is considered a gold- standard measure.▯ • Hydrostatic weighing: a method determining body composition that involves weighing an individual on land and in a tank of water▯ • air displacement: a technique used to assess body composition by estimating body volume based on air displaced when a person sits in a chamber▯ • bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA): a method of assessing body composition by running a low- level electrical current through the body.▯


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