Soc 150, week 6
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Thanh Notetaker on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 150 at La Salle University taught by Dr. Sheldon Zink in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Priciples of Sociology in Sociology at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 02/20/16
SOC 150 Week Six (February 23 and 25 ) th Contains: Deviance, The two approaches to Deviance, The 3 different views of Deviance Deviance: Behavior, ideas, or attributes of an individual or group that some people in society find offensive Deviance has 3 important elements: Expectation: Some sort of behavioral expectation must exist, a norm that defines appropriate, acceptable behavior, ideas, or characteristics. The expectations may be implicit or explicit, formal or informal, and more or less widely shared. Violation: Deviance implies some violation of normative expectations. The violation may be real or alleged; that is, an accusation of wrong doing may be enough to give someone the reputation of being a deviant Reaction: An individual, group, or society must react to the deviance. The reaction is likely to lead to some sort of response: avoidance, criticism, warnings, punishment, or treatment. The reaction may accurately reflect the facts, or it may bear little relation to what really happened, as when people are punished or ostracized for acts they did not commit. Two Approaches: 1) Absolutist: Characteristics: 1) Behavior is inherently good or bad 2) Look at action broadly without accounting for individual circumstance 3) Deviant act defines the social worth of an individual 4) Judgements often based on stereotypes 5) Crime is considered an individual act disconnected from social forces and other factors 2) Relativist: Characteristics: 1) Behavior is not inherently good or bad 2) Idea of Deviance changes through time 3) Look at behavior( How people act), ideas (How people think), attributes(How people appear) 4) Deviance relative to cultural standard 5) Intent/ Context/ Outcome Sociologists do not judge whether an approach is good or bad/ action is good or bad – they use descriptive analysis to understand it within a culture The Prison system over the years: 1950’s- late 1970 : Rehabilitation year Late 1970s- late 1980s: Deterrence theory: Theory of deviance positing that people will be prevented from engaging in deviant acts if they judge the costs of such an act to outweigh its benefits 1980’s- Present Privatization models. Three different views of Deviance: 1) The SF view by Durkheim/ Erikson: 1. Helps society define boundaries 2. Determines rules of right and wrong 3. Increases feelings of “in group togetherness” 4. Continues to maintenance and continuity of society 5. Defines social worth of an individual 2) Conflict Perspective of Deviance: 1. Deviance is a form of social control 2. Way of exerting influence of more powerful people over less powerful 3. Poor have harsher prison sentences then the wealthy 4. Legal representation determined by economics (bad) 5. Those who are deemed deviant have less access to resources and information. 3) Symbolic Interactionist (a view by relativists): 1. The act is only as bad as label attached to it 2. Powerful use of language to isolate people who are not deviant (part of labeling theory) 3. Labeling can cause as well as deter acts of deviance 4. Language is used to “create” crime or criminal behavior influences legal outcomes 5. As an individual – To commit a deviant act on a regular basis you must learn to perceive it as normal. Criminalization: Official definition of an act of deviance as a crime Labeling theory: Theory stating that deviance is the consequence of the application of rules and sanctions to an offender; a deviant is an individual to whom the identity “deviant” has been successfully applied.
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