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Weeks 3 and 4: Why Does Art Exist and How Does it Work

by: Julia Walker

Weeks 3 and 4: Why Does Art Exist and How Does it Work 101

Marketplace > Grand Valley State University > Art > 101 > Weeks 3 and 4 Why Does Art Exist and How Does it Work
Julia Walker
GPA 3.7

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These are the notes from the powerpoints and lectures given throughout weeks 3 and 4 of this semester
Introduction to Art
Geoff Burd
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Walker on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 101 at Grand Valley State University taught by Geoff Burd in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Art in Art at Grand Valley State University.


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Date Created: 02/20/16
Weeks 3 and 4: Why Does Art Exist and How Does it Work  Art has history behind it; proves there was human existence long ago  Because of the effort people throughout time have put into all different types of artwork proves it is a part of human nature o Evidence of this is children wanting to make crafts, draw on surfaces without knowing what they are actually doing, a way they express themselves  One of the top subjects that attracts audience attention and provides pleasure  Art is a very good way to communicate without using words  Art is always created on a medium even though there are many types  Patron: person who encourages the creation of art  Art can be in relation to science because both are said to improve quality of life and help with problem solving; we use applied and fine art to do this o Fine-art: potential to speed up our physiological changes  Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: bottom up o Physiologicalbreathing, sleeping, nourishment, waste elimination o Safetysecurity, maintaining orderly environment o Love/belongingaffiliation, acceptance, affection o Esteemself-respect, achievement, confidence o Self-actualizationaesthetic needs, balance, cognitive needs (fine-art is in this category**)  Aesthetic meaning: beauty/harmony  Cognitive meaning: knowledge, morality  Commonly today we revolve around having an abundance of either material items or items that satisfy our needs to survive (aesthetics)  We may value art as a society because it demands high sale price so that is seen as “valuable”, some “valuable” art is rarely seen by the common eye, some demands for knowledge of religion, culture, or political background, and/or created with great skill and is pleasing to the eye o Ultimate value is the want for changes in emotion and the way we think/feel  Art expresses high intellect, many emotions, promotes imaginative thoughts/images, makes you use your memory and physical senses o As art shapes our minds/emotions it allows us to place control over them  Two main appreciation perspectives of art and “how we judge it”: o Innateborn with it, we all see the same thing essentially, we typically see the same colors, patterns, shapes, ect, it’s wired in all of our brains visually, instinctive  Can be called Nativistic o Acquiredthe next step of visualizing art, your visual image can be altered based on experiences in the past, things you’ve seen or haven’t seen before, knowledge of a certain subject, your personally altering of features or shapes in the image/piece of work, combines physical objects with personal meaningful background  Can be called Directed  Each individual has a “personal schema”this shapes not only ourselves but our views of things... in this case art o This can be a type of influence  Canonic representation: memories that best represent the concept/class, central views of an object/person/emotion/idea o Example: if someone asks you to image a woman in your head, you will most likely picture someone in your life, either a mother/sister/aunt, everyone’s personal instant image will be someone different o Your mental image of that person is you “central image”  If a work of art bears no resemblance to your canonic representation you may experience visual dissonance: state of psychological tension caused when your experience a disparity between what you expect to see and what you actually see o Reactions of visual dissonance are either we walk away to avoid, physically alter the image/piece of work, tolerate that tension until you find a way to deal with it  Not all art is intended to instantly be understood, some is created to make your mind think and take time to dig deep into the real meaning behind it (there can be different meanings)  Level 1: Innate (discussed above)  Level 2: Acquired (discussed above)  Level 3: Comprehension**surpasses all experiences, it is as if we become a part of the object/piece of work we are looking at  True of beauty=true of expression**  We all commonly think nature is supposed to look like the outdoors that we all see in the same way, that may not always be true o Many painting/pieces of art are not even meant to be artwork at all, it is likely them were created for some other intention/idea but seen as art in the eyes of someone else and therefore displayed as art


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