Islamic Near East, Week Two
Islamic Near East, Week Two HIST131010
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ari Notetaker on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST131010 at University of Delaware taught by Rudolph Matthew in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see ISLAMIC NEAR EAST:1500-PRESENT in History at University of Delaware.
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Date Created: 02/20/16
Ariana Gannon Summary of Shlaim pp. 236-250 The Arab-Isreali war of June 1967 is an example of a war that was fueled by words. On a few occasions, Israeli leaders, such as Chief of Staff Yitzhak Rabin and Prime Minister Levi Eshkol, warned that if Syria did not cease in their support of Palestinian guerrilla warriors, Israel would overthrow the Syrian regime and inflict more damage than the war of April 7. Such remarks were seen as controversial because Israel had kept a position of noninterference with Arab countries, except in cases of self- defense against violence. In response to a false report that Israel was intending to attack Syria, President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, in order to keep his credibility as an ally to Syria, launched a three-part brinkmanship plan, hoping that the Israelis would not start a war as a result. Nasser sent troops to Sinai, asked for the removal of the UN Emergency Force from there, and closed off Israeli shipping through the Straits of Tiran. These acts caused widespread fear in Israel. This crisis resulted in the formation of a unified government that included two main opposing parties. On June 4, after much deliberation, the Israeli cabinet decided to go to war, and what followed is known as the Six-Day War. The Six-Day War started on June 5, 1967 with an air strike that resulted in the defeat of the Egyptian air force. Later that day, Syrian, Jordanian, and Iraqi air forces started to attack Israel. Within two hours, these forces were destroyed by Israel, resulting in 400 enemy planes being brought down on the first day of war. The following day, after Jordan started shelling Jerusalem, Moshe Dayan allowed the IDF to surround the city, but ordered the IDF not to enter. Following, a report was received that the UN was about to call for a cease-fire. Seeing the placement of troops within the city of Jerusalem as a possible bargaining tool to acquire Jerusalem under Israeli control, Dayan ordered for the IDF to take the city of Jerusalem, which was accomplished the following morning of June the 7. Upon report that the President of Jordan had ordered his forces to retreat, Dayan ordered for the further capture of the West Bank. After the capture of these two territories, settlers from the north of Israel pleaded for the government to capture Golan Heights in order to make life easier for the settlements closest to the Syrian border. This idea met almost total support in the ministerial defense committee. However, Dayan blocked this decision, claiming that the acquisition of territory in Syria was not a goal of the war effort. Surprisingly, on June 9 ,h Dayan bypassed the chief of staff and ordered General Elazar to go to war with Sryria. This decision was the result of a message from Nesser to the Syrian president in which Nesser advised the president to end hostilities and inform the UN secretary-general. Dayan saw this weakness as a great opportunity and ordered for the capture of even more Syrian territory than just Golan Heights. On June 10 , Golan Heights was under the control of the state of Israel. Almost a decade later, in 1976, Dayan reported that he should have never ordered war against Syria and that he had failed as the minister of defense. However, instead of taking the blame in the fact that he ceased the opportunity to expand Israeli borders, he placed the blame on the kibbutz residents. Dayan said that the residents did not really want Golan Heights because for security reasons, but for farmland. This is a false claim considering committee documents prove that the kibbutz leaders only spoke of security. Dayan’s statement created anger in Israel toward him and his following excuses for war in Syria were never consistent. In total, casualties from this war exceeded 5.2 thousand deaths and 10.6 thousand wounded soldiers. Israel was, by far, the victor of this war. However, the war cost Israel its diplomatic relation with the Soviet Union and Israel acquired the title of being ‘barbaric.’
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