New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Reading notes week 1-3

by: KATHLEEN Notetaker

Reading notes week 1-3 sociology of family

KATHLEEN Notetaker
GPA 3.3

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

these notes cover the reading assignments of week one through three of the semester
Sociology of the Family
Toi Carter
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Sociology of the Family

Popular in Sociology

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by KATHLEEN Notetaker on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to sociology of family at Tulane University taught by Toi Carter in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Sociology of the Family in Sociology at Tulane University.


Reviews for Reading notes week 1-3


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/20/16
Sociology of family Outline 1/15/16 DIVERSITY IN FAMILIES 1. CHAPTER 1: IMAGES, IDEALS, & FAMILIES To get started right away, just tap any placeholder text (such as this) and start typing. A. Pages 1-10 i. Objectives: 1. Understand images, ideals related to families 2. Understand images, realities of families 3. Challenge commonly held myths about families in society 4. Develop new framework for understanding families ii. Intro: iii. Images & ideals 1. Intro a. Family is a symbol; visual image speaks to us through senses (smells, tastes, textures, motions, sounds from own remembered experiences, & thru dreams/longings about what family should be b. 2. Family as haven 3. Family as fulfillment 4. Family as encumbrance a. Loading family w/ compensatory needs created negative anti-image of family b. Blame family for inhibiting full human development c. Calls for freedom from domestic relationships d. R4search found workers escape demanding/stressful family relations by spending more time in workplace e. Image views relations as inhibiting quest for full experience of self f. In a culture which ‘restless self’ must be kept unfettered, flexible, ready to change, attachment must be broken when no longer permit continual development g. Monogamous marriage—repetitive/stultifying; h. Responsibility for kids compounds problem— needs/requirements for them constant, pressing, leave little space for adults who attend to them i. “spice” & “space” qualities yearn for—In this antiimage, family limits access to both iv. Images & reality 1. v. The mythical US family 1. Myths—beliefs held uncritically & w/o examination/scrutiny; bound w nostalgic memory, select5ive perception, and cultural values concerning what’s typical & true about the family 2. Use new knowledge as a way of challenging the commonly held myths about families in society 3. The myth of a stable & harmonious family of the past a. Most think families of past better than those of present— more stable, better adjusted, happier b. 2 reasons for flawed belief—selective about what remember (romanticize past); changes in family life have occurred over decades 4. myth of separate worlds a. family Darwinism—myth of separate worlds leads to belief that family survives or sinks by own resources, fitness;s blames families for structural failure B. PGS 11-23 i. THE MYTH OF THE MONOLITHIC FAMILY FORM 1. Family—set of social relationships; kinship group 2. Household—residence/living arrangements; residence group that carries pout domestic functions 3. Family vs. household—restructuring family obligations and household composition after divorce; family members don’t always live in same household; separation and divorce breaks bonds between mom and dad, bonds between children and parents can remain intact; migration of family members from 1-part world to another 4. Transnational families—family members spread across national boundaries with pattern of moving back and forth between countries; today, more families extend across 2+ 2 households, generations, marital/legal status, blood ties, continents ii. The myth of a unified family experience 1. Gendered institution—important theme in family research 2. Patriarchy—term to refer to social relations iii. The myth of family consensus 1. Conditions: a. Power relations within the family b. Competitive aspects of family relations c. New patterns of work, leisure, which lead to different activities for family members d. Intense emotional quality of family life iv. The myth of family decline as the cause of social problems C. A new framework for understanding families i. The sociological perspective 1. Macro level—examines family in relation to rest of society; instead of focusing on family roles and relations in isolation from rest of social life, analyzed in reference to societal trends; illustrates how larger social systems shape smaller family systems; ex—macrostructural change to explain why families are far different from what used to be; macro level analysis looks at how family as institution contributes to organization of larger society (family is vital part of economy because produces workers and consumers; family is primary mechanism for perpetuation social inequality thru interlocking systems of race, class, gender, enables us to see how society makes families and families make society 2. Micro level—examines internal dynamics of family life; family is a small group in which individuals spend much of lives; examines varied experiences of kinship, intimacy, and domestic sharing; ital. interpersonal dramas of love and domination, of companionship and conflict, of happiness and hatred occur; 3. Understanding families requires studying both macro and micro and how affect each other; because emphasis on social structure, reader required to accept the 2 ndfundamental assumption of sociological perspective: need to adopt critical stance toward all social arrangements; must ask: how do current social, economic changes affect families and individuals within them? How are large-scale social, economic changes experienced by families in different 3 segments of population? Who benefits under existing social arrangements and who doesn’t? look beyond common accepted definitions of family and society ii. The paradigm shift in family studies 1. Paradigm—basic assumptions that scholars have of social worlds they study; family paradigm includes basic conceptual frameworks (models of families in society, and the fields important problems, questions, concepts, and methods of study 2. Old family paradigm posited a standard & uniform process of family formation; model rooted in concerns that shape early social sciences—the shift from traditional to modern society; modernization thought to produce universal family type 3. 1950s-60s notion of 1 family form was important feature of era’s paradigm known as structural functionalism 4. social functionalism—theory views all social institutions as organized around the needs of society: family uniquely equipped to cope with economic system—dad instrumental leader of family managed outside world and connected family to economic system; mom expressive leader, helped protect dad from pressures of outside world, managed home 5. iii. The structural diversity approach a. Conceptual framework that views all families in society shaped thru interaction with social structures; approach explore close connections between inner workings of family life and structural forces that shape all families in different ways; understand why families diverse; b. Approach based on premise that families divided along structural lines that shape their form and functioning c. New perspective on families uses these themes: 1 Families socially constructed, historically changing d. Social history shows that families vary by economic, political, and cultural conditions e. Social constructionist and social structural theoretical approaches support this view f. Families socially constructed means they develop in the context of social and economic realities g. Different social, economic contexts define, organize families differently, natural depends on time, place, 4 circumstance, historical period, society, social stratum within that society, h. The form and meaning of families, gender, motherhood, fatherhood, childhood are socially and historically varied 2. Family diversity produced by the same structures that organize society as a whole a. Institution of family connected to other social institutions: economy, politics, education, religion b. Tied to systems of inequality: class, race, gender, sexuality c. Both social institutions and relations of inequality divide families along structural lines d. Create different contexts (Social locations) for family living thru unequal distribution of social resources, opportunities; cause differences; instead of being intrinsic property of groups that are culturally different, family variation is structural 3. Families embedded in & shaped by intersecting systems of class, race, and gender a. Social locations—structures of inequality converge to place families in these particular locations; race, class, gender, and their intersections depending on their location in the class structure: unemployed, poor, working, professional; gender structure: male/female; sexual orientation system: heterosexual, gay, lesbian, bisexual 4. Family diversity is constructed through social structure as well as the actions of family members a. Human agency—actively shape their families by adapting to, and changing, certain aspects of their social environments b. People use families to cope, survive, challenge social institutions that impinge on them 5. Understanding families means challenging monolithic ideas that conceive of the family in idealistic ways a. Differs from past approaches (based on studies involving white, middle-class families) which distorted reality of lives within most families, given that US always had families of color and in poor or working classes b. Today family field takes various standpoints into account: bodies by and about marginalized groups document 5 multiple family realities; feminists, various racial/ethnic groups, working class, lesbians/gays represent different schools of thought, pressed for redefinition of “the family” c. About families as vary by class, race, gender, and sexuality offers alternatives to old paradigm d. Structural diversity model draws from many scholarly fields—history, economics, anthropology, psychology— and new fields—women’s, African-American, Latino, cultural studies—insights enhance sociological perspective, offer vital building blocks for understanding wide variety of family types in US 2. HEADING 1 Want to insert a picture from your files or add a shape, text box, or table? You got it! On the Insert tab of the ribbon, just tap the option you need. Find even more easy-to-use tools on the Insert tab, such as to add a hyperlink or insert a comment. 6


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.