New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Asian Philosophy week 3

by: mattis.12

Asian Philosophy week 3 PHILOS 2120 - 0010

GPA 3.7

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the ideas of Buddhism
Asian Philosophies
Steven Brown
Class Notes
Asian philosophy, philosophy, Buddhism
25 ?




Popular in Asian Philosophies

Popular in PHIL-Philosophy

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by mattis.12 on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHILOS 2120 - 0010 at Ohio State University taught by Steven Brown in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Asian Philosophies in PHIL-Philosophy at Ohio State University.


Reviews for Asian Philosophy week 3


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/20/16
Wednesday, February 3, 2016 Buddhism Story of Siddhartha - Siddhartha Gautama (born in the mid 6th century BCE, lived to be about 80 years old) • Prince • Father sheltered Prince, and protected him from suffering (even from seeing suffering of others) • Prince gets married and has a son • One day Prince goes on a chariot ride and there he encounters an old man, a sick man, a dead man, and an ascetic monk • this is the first time that the Prince has seen any of these type of people • this monk is very thin because he has been fasting in order to achieve moksha • The Prince is inspired by the monk, and abandons his family in order to become a monk • Prince embraces a very strict asceticism: eating one leaf and one nut per day - gets to the point where he is so weak that he passes out in a river and some lady finds him and gives him some food. He then decides that fasting isn't the best idea - Meditates beneath a tree (Bhodi Tree) and achieves Nirvana - Becomes a teacher, gives his first sermon Hinduism-> Buddhism samsara= samsara karma = karma atman -> anatman brahman -> no Brahman moksha -> nirvana 1 Wednesday, February 3, 2016 Four noble Truths 1.) Life is Suffering (the problem) 2.) The cause of suffering is triton: selfish desire, craving desire,… (the source/ explanation of the problem) 3.) Get rid of trishna (the solution) 4.) The Noble Eightfold Path Right Understanding: Happiness is internal, all things pass away Right Purpose: Order your life around learning how to live Dharma relates to: Right Speech: Speaking kindly Right Conduct/Action: Acting kindly Right Occupation: live for the welfare of all, don’t earn your livelihood at the expense of life (directly or indirectly). vegetarianism, pacifism Right Effort: changing/ training our mental lives Right Attention:single minded focus on the here and now Right Meditation: will train your mind to be calm and kind The ultimate goal: Nirvana, a state of wakefulness, peace, joy, and perfect health. Initially temporary, but can be permanent after this life. Anatman: there is no atman, strictly speaking there is no self - there are bundles of mental and physical things, but no continuous person - This leads to the conclusion that there is no substantial difference between one person and another, one sentient (conscious) being and another - We should take all suffering equally seriously, regardless of where it occurs - - How does reincarnation and karma work if there is no self? - There are still causal connections between bundles of mental and physical stuff - this causation can span lives (even into the afterlife) 2 Wednesday, February 3, 2016 - Ethics: the study of right and wrong wrong actions: rape, genocide, murder, theft • • cause Harm/ Suffering • intent to harm/ Malice • Selfishness - Utilitarianism: Consequentialism + Hedonism + Egalitarianism - Consequentialism: The rightness and wrongness of actions is determined ENTIRELY by the goodness and badness of their consequences. - Hedonism: Pleasure is the only good, pain the only bad • Intensity • Duration • Fecundity (brings about future pleasures) - Egalitarianism: Everyone’s pains and pleasures count equally. - Higher vs Lower Pleasure • High (involve our mental and social capacities) - buying a new pair of shoes, intimacy, lovemaking, philosophizing, learning, accomplishment, kindness… • Low (basic, bodily pleasures, “pig pleasures”) - basking in sunshine, eating yummy food, sex, orgasm, back scratching, drugs - Suggestion: Buddhist ethics is a lot like Utilitarianism, the main difference is the hedonism - Buddhism challenges the idea that pleasure is good and holds on to the idea that pain is bad - More accurately, suffering is bad - Pain is bodily, suffering is mental 3 Wednesday, February 3, 2016 - - - Buddhism is a Middle Way between hedonism and asceticism, both take pleasure too seriously…. this leads to a moderate lifestyle, that is largely compatible with everyday life within families and communities. - Hinduism adapts to respond to this aspect of Buddhism. - Visible within Bhagavad Gita - does not appear to have a single named author - written after Buddhism starts (controversial) - It is a part of the Mahabarata/Mahabarat. The Mahaabarat is to the Hindu culture as the Odyssey is to the Greek culture. - Mahabarata/Mahabarat. = Long epic tales of heroes and gods • Main characters: Arjuna and Krishna • Arjuna: Warrior • Krishna: Charioteer, God incarnate • Trimurti: 3 most fundamental Gods • Brahma: Creator Vishnu: Sustainer Many Avatars (visible, material, incarnations) • • Shiva: destroyer - Two feuding groups/families • Arjuna is closely related to people on the other side torn between his role as a warrior and his role as a family/friend member • - 4 Wednesday, February 3, 2016 - Krishna’s Advice: Fright in the war, kill his loved ones if necessary • Argument 1: Bodily death is fundamentally not important. Only the soul matters. Killing the people Arjuna cares about does not actually harm them • Argument 2: It is Arjuna’s duty as a warrior to kill in just wars. • hierarchy of caste system: • (highest-lowest) Gods, Bhramin, Kshatria, Vaishya, Sudra, untouchables • one is born into a caste system and cannot change caste systems in the same life. It is through reincarnation and karma that one can move to a higher class. • idea is that the people in the lowest caste system deserve it. • Argument 3: You must take action. The result is not in your control. Act without desire. • 5


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.