Week 3; Day 5 & 6 - Greek And Roman Theatre.
Week 3; Day 5 & 6 - Greek And Roman Theatre. Theatre 152
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Becca LeBoeuf on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Theatre 152 at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh taught by Bryan Vandevender in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Non Western Theatre in Theatre at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh.
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Date Created: 02/20/16
Week 3 2/15/2016 + 2/17/2016: ● Tragic protagonists generally die, representing a metaphorical/virtual rendering of actual human or animal sacrifice. ○ Never actually see death occur → bad luck. ● Tragic Chorus: represents community. Comments on events. Speak and more in uni. Architectural Features Of Greek Theatre: ● Outdoor amphitheatres built on side of hill. ● Seats 15,00017,000 people. ● Sun is primarily lighting source → performed during day. ● Theatron (viewing place) holds audience. ● Orchestra (dancing place) is a circular space on the ground for actors. ● Thymeie (alter) → center of orchestra. ● Skene (scene building) → actors come out of, represent scenery. ● Parados (entrance). ● Exodus (exit). Scenery And Special Effects: ● Pinake: type of flat to change settings, framed with stretched fabric. ● Periakto: three painted flats hinged together to change setting. ● Ekkyklema: rolling platform to reveal dead body. ● Mechane: crane to lift actors. ● Deus ex machina: God from machine ← mechanism. Actors Of Ancient Greece: ● All male. ● Masked. ● Compensated, respected: paid. ● Rigorous, vocal, physical, and emotional training. Costumes And Masks: ● Covered entire head with hair and beards. ● Helped identify characters from distance. ● Comic masked reflect unusual and exaggerated faces. ● Tragic masks are more natural and similar for all chorus members. ● Chiamy’s: short cloak. ● Himation long cloak. ● Chiton: a tunic. ● Kothurni: sandals. Profane Tradition (mime): ● Short satiric skits of everyday life that utilized both male and female performances. A commercial enterprise. Not respected. Not associated with religion. Evidence: 1. Verbal: a. Plays: tragedies, comedies. b. Written accounts from Aristotle, Plato, Plutarch. 2. Visual: a. Architectural remains of theatres. b. Vase paintings, wall paintings. c. Gov. records. d. Stone monuments. Roman Theatre And Performances: 1. Republic 50927 BCE. a. Gov by 2 consuls and advised by Senate. b. Constitution centered upon separation of powers and checks and balances. c. Republic virtues discipline, economy, endurance. d. Patriarchal culture. e. Traditional drama (written plays) flourish. 2. Empire 27 BCE 476 CE. a. Dictatorship visavis an emperor : begins with Caesar, Augustus, as princeps (leading a citizen). b. Stare is the central social structure. c. Variety entertainments and spectacle flourish: bread and circuses and many paratheatricals. 3. Culture Vultures. a. Military imperialism: expansion begins in 3rd BCE during punic wars with carthage (Northern Africa). b. Rome comes into contact with and adapts Greek society and culture → mythology. 4. Ludi Romani. a. Festival in honor of Jupiter instituted in the 6th BCE. b. Ludi can be translated to play in the sense of reaction. Roman Theatre Architecture: ● Orchestra only half circle and raised. ● Roof over stage. ● Alter towards back. ● Coliseum. ● Arals maximus : chariot racing. Venationes: ● People left in arena with weapons fight beasts. ● Convicts owe debts, committed crime. Naumachia: ● Slaves, low social status. ● Arena filled with water. ● People actually die: famous naval battles. Giadicitional Combat: ● Man vs. man. Myth Reenactment: ● Recreate myths or legends. ● Against women for committing adultry, etc. Mime: ● Anything not patently comedy or tragedy. ● Spoken and short. ● Mocked Christianity. ● No masks. ● Male and female performance. ● Violence and sex depicted literally. Pantomime: ● Protosolo performance. ● Ballet dance with music. ● Used masks. ● Stories from mythology or history. ● Usually serious. Sometimes comic. ● Popular: more respected. NonWestern Theatre: Hindu Icons, Ritual, And Performance: ● Hinduism: ○ Oldest Religion. ○ Gods: Vishnu, Brahma, Shiva. ○ Monotheistic and Polytheistic. ○ Reincarnation. ○ Karma/Dharma. ○ India, Nepal. Puja Hindu worship. Darshan : sacred seeing. When viewing Gods receive Darshan. Looks at them and they look back at you. Sparshan : sacred touching. Prasad: divine grace. Priest gives morsel of food with right hand. No meaning/representation of food like Christianity. Avatar: “descent”. Vishnu is a God by takes turn in humans and animals. Murti manifestation of Hindu deities worshipped. Siva, Lakshmi, Hanuman, Rama, Krishna, Durga (goddesses). Lila → play. Ram Leela. Festival Of Durga: ● Durga Puja: 10 day festival in October; beginning of Rile harvest. ● Vijaya Dashami: victory day.
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